Dynamic learning styles


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Two examples from the creation of the U.S. to illustrated the method and value of Dynamic Learning (which is defined herein)

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Dynamic learning styles

  1. 1. Dynamic Learning Styles: Franklin and Hamilton JAMES W. MARCUM 2008
  2. 2. Relevant? Benjamin Franklin and Alexander Hamilton grew up and attained their learning more than 200 years ago. Is their example relevant, useful to our time and place?
  3. 3. Learning: definition  Learning is engagement that changes perception, belief, or behavior (knowledge)  (Constructivist, activist, contextual)OLA Super Conference 2005
  4. 4. Dynamic Learning Engaged and reflective participation in a discovery process that builds new knowledge and enhances (changes) skills and competence appropriate to the given personal, social, and technical context of importance to the learner. Marcum, After the Information Age, 165. (Social and Contextual)
  5. 5. Dynamic Learning ProcessReadingWritingCollaborationActive, engaged learningReflection on „meaning‟
  6. 6.  Borrowed books from brother‟s print shop, read overnight  Books: “true and reliable friends”Reading:  Founder: first community library  Collected and read booksFranklin throughout his life  Studied French, German, etc. in part to read important works in original language  Book collection  7,000 when returned from Europe
  7. 7.  Silence DoGood  Pennsylvania Gazette  Poor Richard’s AlmanacWriting:  Letters!Franklin  Natural philosophy  Political and diplomatic  Bagatelles  Autobiography  (Writings/Papers, Yale 37 vols.)
  8. 8.  Ineffective alone (Boston, London)  Junto  Printer partnersFranklin:  Post Office  Lightning (3: silversmith,Collaboration clergyman)  Treaty of Paris (Adams, Jay)  Declaration of Independence  Revolutionary War  Constitutional Convention  Networker
  9. 9.  Printer  Publishing business  Community, political involvement  Post OfficeFranklin:  Politics: local, empire, national  Natural philosophy/ Republic ofActive, Letters  Inventions (stove, bi-focals)engaged  Diplomacylearning  Nation creating
  10. 10.  Franklin‟s method evolved but always encompassed reading, writing, explaining, clarifying, and persuading: a dynamic learningIn short: process.  His insights came from constant reading, writing, observation, “hands-on” experimentation and really “hearing” his colleagues and critics. His opinions frequently were proven wrong and he changed them as his understanding expanded.  Anyone can develop those skills and habits.
  11. 11.  “And so his greatest legacy lies not in the blessings of genius, nor his stature as natural philosopher or self-educated statesman and founding father, but ratherFranklin‟s in the demonstration of a simple method whereby hard work and disciplined, socially-grounded inquiry enables one toLegacy grow and develop and accomplish great things. His prototype for dynamic learning as a path to greatness may prove to be Benjamin Franklin‟s greatest legacy.”  Genius or Dynamic Learner? Ben Franklin‟s Path to Greatness, The Social Studies 99: 3 (May-June 2008): 99-104. http://view.fdu.edu/files/franklingenius.pdf
  12. 12. Does the Model fit Hamilton? Franklin Hamilton A year or two of formal  A few years of schooling schooling and some college  Business, Business experience administrative, legal experience Civic, political,  Military, business, diplomatic, scientific political, legal practice engagement engagement
  13. 13.  Mother: 34 books  Mentored, schooled St. Croix and NJ/NY “self improving autodidact” RCHamilton:   King‟s College  Classics: literature, history, philosophyReading  Military affairs (Plutarch, Grotius)(omniverous and  Business and finance (Postlewayt, A.self-directed, RC) Smith)  Law (Blackstone, Penn)  Politics – statesmanship (Plutarch, Locke, Hobbes, Montesquieu)  Grange: 1,000 books
  14. 14.  Hurricane report 1772  Political broadsides (NYC)  Correspondence for WashingtonHamilton:  Letters!  The Federalist (51 of 85; 175,000 wordsWriting in 7 months)  Political broadsides  Treasury and National Bank (Rept. On Manufactures; Defense of Funding System)  Jurisprudence (Practical Proceedings)  Papers (Columbia U.); digital: 1.3 M words
  15. 15.  Friendships  Mentors (Rev. Knox, Livingston, Washington, P. Schuyler) King‟s College and Washington‟sHamilton:  Staff (G. Morris, Laurens, McHenry, Troup, Livingston, Lafayette)Collaboration  Collaborations  Federalist Papers (Jay, Madison)  Federalist politics (R. King…)  New York merchants  Court cases (Burr)
  16. 16.  Clerk for Crueger‟s merchant house (in charge at ~ 15)  Political activist as revolutionHamilton: developed  Military serviceActive,  Law practiceengaged  Campaign for Constitutionlearning  Federalist party politics  Treasury Department (and Inspector General of Army)  Vision of commercial America
  17. 17. Education vs. Dynamic Learning Both Hamilton and Franklin lived in times of great change and upheaval Between them they established many of the institutions, policies, and practices of a new nation “Education” did not serve them They had to discover or create where nothing existed Their “omnivorous and self-directed” reading, writing, collaboration, and learning provided the wherewithal upon which they could produce their remarkable contributions to the creation of the U.S.
  18. 18. Our Time: Change and Upheaval
  19. 19. What is dynamic learning, again? Engaged and reflective participation in a life-creating process that builds new knowledge and enhances (changes) the skills and competence appropriate to the given personal, social, and technical context of importance to the learner.