T O KNOW
In uenza A (H1N1-2009) is a new strain of in uenza virus that spreads
easily from human to human. More than 40 countries have already WHY WE CANNOT LET OUR GUARD DOWN
reported cases. Although the virus is milder than previously feared, Its rate of spread and mortality appear to be higher than those of
seasonal u (It is estimated that the regular seasonal u is associated
it is still evolving. with about 600 deaths in Singapore each year).
The next wave may be both contagious and more severe, and lead
to a global pandemic u outbreak.
VIGILANCE REMAINS IMPORTANT
All of us must remain alert and do our part to prevent the spread of the
virus within the community.
Always maintain a high standard of public and personal hygiene, and
be socially responsible. If you are unwell, rest at home and wear a mask
if on the way to see a doctor. This will help to protect ourselves, our
families and our neighbours and contacts.
If you think you are infected with this novel u virus, having been to
a ected areas, do call 993 for a dedicated ambulance service which will
bring you to Tan Tock Seng Hospital to be assessed.
SIMPLE PREVENTION TIPS FREQUENTLY ASKED
Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly
with soap and water, especially before
touching your eyes, nose or mouth;
Turn quickly away from anyone near
you if you are about to cough or sneeze,
and do not cough or sneeze at him/her;
How do humans get infected?
Like other u viruses, the In uenza A (H1N1-2009)
virus is spread mainly through people with u,
coughing or sneezing. Sometimes people may
become infected by touching something with u
viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.
What are the symptoms of In uenza A
(H1N1-2009) in humans?
High fever Tiredness
Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
Dispose of the tissue properly in the dust bin after use; Sore throat
WANTON Like the regular seasonal u, common symptoms are
SOUP high fever, with cough, sore throat, runny nose,
muscle ache and tiredness.
Should I vaccinate myself against In uenza A
(H1N1-2009) with Tami u?
No. There is currently no vaccine available against
In uenza A (H1N1-2009). Tami u is not a vaccine.
It is used mainly to treat people with the disease.
Inappropriate use may cause resistance to Tami u
when you really need it.
What about getting the normal u jab?
It is not known whether the current seasonal u
Avoid crowded places if you are unwell Refrain from going to a ected areas. vaccine protects against the novel In uenza A
and wear a surgical mask to cover your But if you must, practise personal hygiene (H1N1-2009) strain.
nose and mouth; and see a doctor if you fall ill overseas. Yearly vaccination is however recommended for
groups at higher risk of complications of in uenza,
– Persons aged 65 years and older;
SALE! – Children aged 6 months to 5 years;
– Adults and children who have chronic diseases
such as asthma, diabetes, or kidney failure on dialysis.
– Women in the second or third trimester of
Is it safe to visit countries with cases of
In uenza A (H1N1-2009)?
You are advised to avoid non-essential travel to
a ected areas*. If you have to travel to such areas, be
vigilant and maintain a high standard of personal
hygiene at all times. Should you fall ill while overseas,
Stay home from work or school Use a serving spoon when sharing food do see a doctor as soon as possible and refrain from
when you are sick; and at meal times. travelling until you are certi ed t by the doctor.
What should I do if I suspect I have In uenza A
(H1N1-2009) after returning to Singapore?
If you develop u symptoms after returning to
Singapore, consult your doctor as soon as possible
and inform him of your travel history. If you have
returned from an a ected area, you are advised to
monitor your health carefully for 7 days and if you
develop symptoms such as fever (>38°C ), cough,
sore throat, or runny nose, please call 993 for a
dedicated ambulance service which will bring
you to Tan Tock Seng Hospital.
* A ected areas are areas with evidence of community transmission of
In uenza A (H1N1-2009). Please refer to the MOH website for the
updated list of a ected areas.
Also, leading a healthy lifestyle helps For public enquiries,call
to build up your immunity and Ministry of Health Hotline
protects you against infection. at 1800-333 9999, or log on:
Eat a balanced diet, including plenty www.moh.gov.sg
of fruit and vegetables.
Be active. Do 30 minutes of physical
activity at least 5 days a week.
Learn to relax and have enough
sleep and rest.
Do not smoke.