Introduction To Chemistry
CHEMISTRY <ul><li>ELEMENT, </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOUND  </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>MIXTURE </li></ul>
What is an element ? <ul><li>Element  </li></ul><ul><li>A chemical substance </li></ul><ul><li>Simplest substance </li></u...
ELEMENT Metal Non-Metal (l) (s) (g) (l) (s) (g) – gas   (l) – liquid    (s) - solid
Examples of Metals  <ul><li>( Sodium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Na </li></ul><ul><li>Use : </li></ul><ul><li>Sodium Lamp </li></ul>
<ul><li>Copper Cu </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Electric Conductor </li></ul>
<ul><li>Calcium Ca </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Calcium ions needed to form bones and teeth </li></ul>
<ul><li>Aluminium Al </li></ul><ul><li>Use:  Making of cooking pots and pans </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gold ; Aurum Au </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Jewelry </li></ul>
<ul><li>Iron; Ferum Fe </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Construction of buildings  </li></ul><ul><li>and bridges </li></ul>
<ul><li>Lead Pb </li></ul><ul><li>Uses :  Water pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Pipes for wiring </li></ul>
<ul><li>Magnesium Mg </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Crackers and Fireworks </li></ul>
<ul><li>Platinum  Pt </li></ul><ul><li>Use: Jewelry </li></ul>
<ul><li>Potassium  K </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Potassium salts </li></ul><ul><li>-  agricultural fertilizers </li></ul>
<ul><li>Silver Ag </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Jewelry </li></ul>
<ul><li>Tin  Sn </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Making containers </li></ul>
<ul><li>Zinc  Zn </li></ul><ul><li>Uses :  Dry cells;  </li></ul><ul><li>Roofing for houses </li></ul>
<ul><li>Mercury  Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Use : In Thermometers </li></ul>
Examples of Non-Metals <ul><li>Chlorine Cl </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Killing germs in water supply </li></ul>
<ul><li>Argon  Ar </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Lighting Bulbs </li></ul>
<ul><li>Bromine Br </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Photography </li></ul>
<ul><li>Boron B </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Making  </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine in pharmacy </li></ul>
<ul><li>Helium  He </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Filling balloons  </li></ul>
Carbon C   Diamond &  Graphite
<ul><li>Hydrogen  H </li></ul><ul><li>Use:  Fuel </li></ul>
Iodine I Use :  Antiseptic
<ul><li>Neon  Ne </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Neon Lights </li></ul>
<ul><li>Nitrogen  N </li></ul><ul><li>Use :  Liquid Nitrogen –Refrigeration Coolant  </li></ul>
Oxygen  O Use : Gas for Breathing
Phosphorus  P Use :  Matches
Silicon  Si Use :  Computer CPU
Sulphur S Use : Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid
What is a Compound ? <ul><li>A Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of 2 or more elements chemically combined </li></ul><ul...
Examples of Compounds <ul><li>Ammonium Chloride </li></ul><ul><li>Use  :  Dry Batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents   :...
Glucose <ul><li>Use  :  Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents  :  H , C , O </li></ul>
Sodium Chloride <ul><li>Use  :  Flavor for Food </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents  :  Na ,  Cl </li></ul>
Calcium carbonate <ul><li>Use  :  Building material </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents  :  Ca , C,  O </li></ul>
Sulphuric acid <ul><li>Use  :  Car Accumulator </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents  :  H , S , O </li></ul>
Urea <ul><li>Use   :  Nitrogeneous Fetilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents  :  C , H , O , N </li></ul>
Copper (II) sulphate <ul><li>Use:  Fungicide </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents   :  Cu , S , O , H </li></ul>
Potassium nitrate <ul><li>Use   :  Agricultural Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents   :   K , N , O </li></ul>
Ethanoic acid Use  :  Vinegar Constituents  :  C , H , O
Trichloromethane (Chloroform) Use   :  Anaesthetic  Cost   :  C , H , Cl
What is a Mixture ? <ul><li>Substance consisting of 2 or more substances physically combined together </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Examples of  Mixtures  Air– Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, water vapor etc
Soil <ul><li>Constituents  :  Humus, sand, </li></ul><ul><li>air, water, minerals etc. </li></ul>
Milk Components  : Lactose, water, proteins, vitamins, minerals etc
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chemistry - Elements, Terminologies and More (Examville)

1,086 views

Published on

Some basic information on a variety of subjects related to chemistry provided for free by Examville

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,086
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
46
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chemistry - Elements, Terminologies and More (Examville)

  1. 1. Introduction To Chemistry
  2. 2. CHEMISTRY <ul><li>ELEMENT, </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOUND </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>MIXTURE </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is an element ? <ul><li>Element </li></ul><ul><li>A chemical substance </li></ul><ul><li>Simplest substance </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be decomposed to a simpler substance </li></ul><ul><li>Built up from one type of atoms only </li></ul>
  4. 4. ELEMENT Metal Non-Metal (l) (s) (g) (l) (s) (g) – gas (l) – liquid (s) - solid
  5. 5. Examples of Metals <ul><li>( Sodium ) </li></ul><ul><li>Na </li></ul><ul><li>Use : </li></ul><ul><li>Sodium Lamp </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Copper Cu </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Electric Conductor </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Calcium Ca </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Calcium ions needed to form bones and teeth </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Aluminium Al </li></ul><ul><li>Use: Making of cooking pots and pans </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Gold ; Aurum Au </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Jewelry </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Iron; Ferum Fe </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Construction of buildings </li></ul><ul><li>and bridges </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Lead Pb </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Water pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Pipes for wiring </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Magnesium Mg </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Crackers and Fireworks </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Platinum Pt </li></ul><ul><li>Use: Jewelry </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Potassium K </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Potassium salts </li></ul><ul><li>- agricultural fertilizers </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Silver Ag </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Jewelry </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Tin Sn </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Making containers </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Zinc Zn </li></ul><ul><li>Uses : Dry cells; </li></ul><ul><li>Roofing for houses </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mercury Hg </li></ul><ul><li>Use : In Thermometers </li></ul>
  19. 19. Examples of Non-Metals <ul><li>Chlorine Cl </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Killing germs in water supply </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Argon Ar </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Lighting Bulbs </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Bromine Br </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Photography </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Boron B </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Making </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine in pharmacy </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Helium He </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Filling balloons </li></ul>
  24. 24. Carbon C Diamond & Graphite
  25. 25. <ul><li>Hydrogen H </li></ul><ul><li>Use: Fuel </li></ul>
  26. 26. Iodine I Use : Antiseptic
  27. 27. <ul><li>Neon Ne </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Neon Lights </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Nitrogen N </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Liquid Nitrogen –Refrigeration Coolant </li></ul>
  29. 29. Oxygen O Use : Gas for Breathing
  30. 30. Phosphorus P Use : Matches
  31. 31. Silicon Si Use : Computer CPU
  32. 32. Sulphur S Use : Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid
  33. 33. What is a Compound ? <ul><li>A Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of 2 or more elements chemically combined </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Bond between the particles </li></ul>
  34. 34. Examples of Compounds <ul><li>Ammonium Chloride </li></ul><ul><li>Use : Dry Batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : H , N , Cl </li></ul>
  35. 35. Glucose <ul><li>Use : Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : H , C , O </li></ul>
  36. 36. Sodium Chloride <ul><li>Use : Flavor for Food </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : Na , Cl </li></ul>
  37. 37. Calcium carbonate <ul><li>Use : Building material </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : Ca , C, O </li></ul>
  38. 38. Sulphuric acid <ul><li>Use : Car Accumulator </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : H , S , O </li></ul>
  39. 39. Urea <ul><li>Use : Nitrogeneous Fetilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : C , H , O , N </li></ul>
  40. 40. Copper (II) sulphate <ul><li>Use: Fungicide </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : Cu , S , O , H </li></ul>
  41. 41. Potassium nitrate <ul><li>Use : Agricultural Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Constituents : K , N , O </li></ul>
  42. 42. Ethanoic acid Use : Vinegar Constituents : C , H , O
  43. 43. Trichloromethane (Chloroform) Use : Anaesthetic Cost : C , H , Cl
  44. 44. What is a Mixture ? <ul><li>Substance consisting of 2 or more substances physically combined together </li></ul><ul><li>Components : Elements or/and compounds </li></ul><ul><li>Components can be separated by physical means </li></ul>
  45. 45. Examples of Mixtures Air– Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, water vapor etc
  46. 46. Soil <ul><li>Constituents : Humus, sand, </li></ul><ul><li>air, water, minerals etc. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Milk Components : Lactose, water, proteins, vitamins, minerals etc

×