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Volcanic hazards and people

Volcanic hazards and people



A selection of volcanic hazards and how they impact people living next to volcanoes

A selection of volcanic hazards and how they impact people living next to volcanoes



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    Volcanic hazards and people Volcanic hazards and people Presentation Transcript

    • Why do people risk living near volcanoes?
      Lesson Objectives
      All studentsmust be able to explain some of the dangers of volcanoes
      Most studentsshould describe the distribution of volcanoes around the world
      Some students could be able to explain why people decide to live near volcanoes despite the obvious risks
    • Eruption on the Caribbean Island of Montserrat
      Complete the worksheet showing what you might be thinking and sensing if you were there when this happened.
    • Where are volcanoes found?
      Map shows the locations of volcanoes
      Like most volcanoes, Montserrat is located on a plate boundary
    • Volcanic dangers
      Volcanoes that have erupted recently are called active volcanoes. We will look at a few of the main dangers.
      Volcanoes that have not erupted for a long time are called dormant volcanoes.
      There are many different volcanic eruptions and these produce several hazards.
      Video clip
    • Lava
      Lava is about 1000 C
      Flows can move slow or fast. They destroy anything in their path
    • Volcanic Bombs
      Large bits of hot rock are blasted from the volcano.
      They can be as large as cars.
      They will land on houses, land and cars, setting them on fire
    • Pyroclastic Flows
      Fast moving clouds of hot gas and rock blasted from the volcano. Can be over 900 C.
      Nothing can outrun it-even a car
      See video
    • Ash Fall
      Hot ash can cause lung damage
      It can destroy crops leading to starvation
      It blocks out the sunlight
    • Lahars (mudflows)
      This is a river of volcanic ash and other debris.
      These can be triggered eruptions or by heavy rain after an eruption.
    • Why do people live near volcanoes?
      Today, about 500 million people live on or close to volcanoes. Why?
      At first it may seem odd that people would want to live close to a volcano. We have seen the dangers. Yet, throughout history, people have deliberately chosen to risk all the dangers and live near them.
      Some people even live on the slopes of active volcanoes that have erupted within living memory.
      So what the benefits of volcanoes?
    • I’m Rich!
    • Precious Minerals
      Magna rising from deep inside the earth contains a range of minerals. Tin, silver, gold, copper and even diamonds can be found in volcanic rocks.
      Most of the metallic minerals mined around the world, particularly copper, gold, silver, lead and zinc are associated with rocks found deep below extinct volcanoes.
      This makes the volcanic areas ideal for both large scale commercial mining and smaller scale local activities by local people.
    • Geothermal Energy
      Geothermal energy means heat energy from the earth.
      The heat from underground steam is used to drive turbines and produce electricity, or to heat water supplies. that are then used to provide household heating and hot water.
      Countries such as Iceland and New-Zealand make use of geothermal power. Two thirds of Iceland's electricity coming from steam powered turbines.
      See video clip
    • Fertile Soils
      Volcanic rocks and ash are rich in minerals that have formed in the magma (liquid rock) under the surface of the earth.
      Over thousands of years the rocks become weathered and broken down, releasing the minerals into the soil. This forms some of the richest soils for farming on the planet
    • Places such as Mt Elgon in Uganda, and the slopes of Vesuvius in Italy all have productive soils thanks to the breaking down of volcanic rocks and ash.
    • A quick search for ‘hotel near volcano’ and look how many hits Google found!!
    • Tourism
      Volcanoes attract millions of visitors every year.
      They are examples of nature at its most extreme!
      Even the less active volcanoes that are just puffing out steam and smoke are impressive sights.
      Tourism creates jobs in shops, restaurants, hotels and tourist centres / national parks. Locals economies can profit from volcanoes throughout the year, whereas skiing, for example, has only a limited winter season.
    • Geysers are always popular tourist attractions. Old Faithful is such a popular tourist feature that it even has its own 24 hour Old Faithful webcam.
      Iceland attracts tourists with a mix of volcanoes and glaciers, often both in the same place. For example, natural hot springs.
    • Geyser
    • Why do people live near volcanoes?
      For many people, the benefits of living near to a volcano outweigh the potential dangers.
      Many people in areas close to volcanoes many not be able to afford to move to alternative areas.
      For example, if you were a farmer in Uganda, if you move away from the good soils near the volcano, you won’t be able to grow any crops.
    • Nevado del Ruiz, ColombiaVolcano Case Study
    • Complete the table
      Try to pick out the important information on the Nevado Del Ruiz volcano and its impacts on the surrounding area
      Try to get at least 6 facts
      4 or more positive points
      4 or more negative points/dangers