The 1916 Olympics were scheduled to be held in Berlin, but were canceled because of what came to be known as World War I . The 1920 Games were awarded to Antwerp to honor the suffering that had been inflicted on the Belgian people during the war .
held in Berlin, are best remembered for Adolf Hitler’s failed attempt to use them to prove his theories of Aryan racial superiority. As it turned out, the most popular hero of the Games, was the African-American sprinter and long jumper Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals.
Melbourne won the right to host the 1956 Olympics by one vote over Buenos Aires . Australian quarantine laws were too severe to allow the entry of foreign horses, so the equestrian events were held separately in Stockholm in June .
Fifty - four years after Italy had to give up hosting the Olympics, Rome finally got its chance .
The final torchbearer Yoshinori Sakai was born in Hiroshima the day that the city was destroyed by an atomic bomb.
The 1972 Munich Games were supposed to celebrate peace and, for the first ten days, all did indeed go well . But in the early morning of 5 September, eight Palestinian terrorists broke into the Olympic Village, killed two members of the Israeli team and took nine more hostage . In an ensuing battle, all nine Israeli hostages were killed . The Olympics were suspended and a memorial service was held in the main stadium .