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Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)
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Mind-Mapping presentation (English version)

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This version of the document encompasses the French one and a part of my conference given during the Biggerplate event in Paris (Mars 2013).

This version of the document encompasses the French one and a part of my conference given during the Biggerplate event in Paris (Mars 2013).

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  • 1. PagePagePagePage 1111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MINDMINDMINDMIND----MAPPINGMAPPINGMAPPINGMAPPINGAn overviewJean-Pascal CÔTEEverything starts from and ends at the centreFirst partJune 2013www.emapsfree.fr Presentation delivered under Commons Creative licence
  • 2. PagePagePagePage 2222/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013SummarySummarySummarySummaryNB : Chapters IV, V and VI will be the purpose of the second part (End of 2013)
  • 3. PagePagePagePage 3333/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: forewordforewordforewordforewordMind-mapping is another way to represent information. It consists of creating agraphical word arborescence from a central topic. It is characterized by the followingpoints :All pieces of information are put together in a single diagramIt facilitates cognitive processes (Thinking, memorization, association )It enables to structure information so that it comes out in a clear fashionIt can be applied in many fields (Companies, universities, non profitable organizations)It belongs to a centred diagram family (Cf. below)Its development is the purpose of this document
  • 4. PagePagePagePage 4444/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: contextcontextcontextcontext (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)A very strong dynamismThe success and the dynamism of Mind-mapping have been growing significantlyamong private individuals and companies, through the following points :● The popularization of the method and publications allow various uses.● User communities are increasingly present on the web bringing innovativeideas ( Many maps and articles about this topic).● An increasing number of provision of services are offered using this tool(Training, knowledge transfer, facilitation, project management, etc.).● It is now integrated in secondary school syllabus (In France since September 2010).● The development of collaborative platforms enables collective/collaborativeintelligence technique to emerge.● New softwares are regularly launched in the market.● The number of Mind-mapping editors migrating their apps for mobile phonesand notepads continues to grow.● There is also a growing interest on the subject in Latin America (Src. Signos)
  • 5. PagePagePagePage 5555/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: contextcontextcontextcontext (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)…With further improvements to comethat can be viewed in two ways :from a technical point of view :● Few softwares offer an open architecture (DB access).● All user graphical interfaces do not enable the same services.● The marketing message of softwares is unclear.from a general point of view :● The equation : Mind-mapping = using a software is still very popular.● A lot of questions on social networks are about softwares.● Maps still remain more or less isolated from a more general context in whichthey fit.● The aim of Mind-mapping is not always very well understood.● There is few methodological approaches on the subject.● Explanations about Mind-mapping capabilities are confusing.
  • 6. PagePagePagePage 6666/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: objective and readingobjective and readingobjective and readingobjective and readingObjectiveThe objective of this Mind-mapping presentation is threefold :● To provide the maximum of learning tools so that it can be applied quicklyand efficiently in a working environment or personal projects.● To bring a contribution to the topics mentioned in the previous chapterwithout pretending to be exhaustive.● To propose and share another view of Mind-mappingReading● We advise beginners to start with chapter I and to take the best of theothers depending of their needs.● Confirmed users and experts will take benefit from novelties discussed inchapters II and III.
  • 7. PagePagePagePage 7777/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: out of scopeout of scopeout of scopeout of scopeThis document is not a book. Therefore we made the following choices :Only a PC based Mind-mapping approach, i.e. with a relevant software, isdiscussed. Thus hand-drawn Mind-maps are not covered in this presentation butremain an important topic especially if we consider them for the artistic andtherapeutic aspects they bring.This overview, which is addressed to a large audience, cannot be replaced by atraining on a software. For companies wishing to embrace the adventure, wesuggest to do it with a specialist in this field.Although we used different types of softwares for our examples, we excludedany comparative studies.Given the novelties we wanted to deliver, it seemed more relevant to propose ourthoughts in two parts. This document constitutes the first part (*).(*) : Only chapters I, II and III of this summary will be covered in this overview(*) : Only chapters I, II and III of this summary will be covered in this overview
  • 8. PagePagePagePage 8888/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0novelties in version 2.0This version brings a certain number of novelties following two directions :The content● The notion of the intention of a map has been introduced and defined● The maps centre is the subject of a particular development.● We have developed a Mind-mapping maturity model.● The introduction is presented from an information processing view.● We have restituted to the maps legend its true value.● A chapter on personal ecology has been added.● FAQ(s) enable to clarify certain pointsThe form● Examples have been enriched.● The overall document has been reviewed.● Quotations introduce each chapter.● Questions have been added to catch the readers attention.(*) : The version 1.0 is available on the blog « www.emapsfree.fr »
  • 9. PagePagePagePage 9999/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: our philosophyour philosophyour philosophyour philosophyAbout Mind-mappingOur approach to Mind-mapping proposes to :● Get inspired from nature (Biomimicry).● Extend the field of Mind-mapping uses.● Develop a theoretical and practical frame of reference.About this documentFrom our point of view, providing a document free means :● Sharing our passion for Mind-mapping with the readers.● Believing money is not the only mean for reward.● Proposing another state of mind in providing documentsWe wish this document reaches a maximum of people interested in this field,and makes them keen to go further.
  • 10. PagePagePagePage 10101010/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PresentationPresentationPresentationPresentation: acknowledgementsacknowledgementsacknowledgementsacknowledgementsWe wish to thank the people and partners who have contributed with their helpand support to the achievement of this document and in particular :© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 11. PagePagePagePage 11111111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013« Mind-mapping turns information into knowledge »Chapter IChapter IChapter IChapter I - IntroductionIntroductionIntroductionIntroductionInspired from a video of Lionel NACCACHE - Neurologist
  • 12. PagePagePagePage 12121212/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)1.11.11.11.1Information is one of the key challenges of our time. Firstly because it isoverwhelming, hence hard to analyze, often due to a lack of availability on thereaders side. Also because it is not always easy to treat and structure. Finallybecause it remains a challenge to restitute at an individual or collective level.These above issues, detailed below, are therefore found at every stage of itsprocess that we defined as : acquisition, treatment and release.Acquisition● We are overwhelmed by information (Prof. & private life)● Search for same pieces of information is counterproductive● We run out of time to look for information efficientlyProcessing● We do not always know how to structure information, eitherto store it or find it back.● Daily management of information can be affected by lossof memory (Tiredness, emotions, annoyance, etc.).
  • 13. PagePagePagePage 13131313/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)Release● We do not always succeed in restituting the information● Synthesize information can be difficult and/or complicated● Depending on the context, sharing information is not always fluentWe can therefore sum up the whole process and its problems by the diagrambelow :1.11.11.11.1
  • 14. PagePagePagePage 14141414/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013StatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblemStatingtheproblem: information processinginformation processinginformation processinginformation processing (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)But then, which solution(s) to bring ?1.11.11.11.1
  • 15. PagePagePagePage 15151515/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: whatwhatwhatwhat isisisis itititit ????1.21.21.21.2Definition (*)Mind-mapping is a method aimed at representing information andknowledge in a graphical arborescent structure, through a visuallanguage based on :● A word (Label, font and color)● An image (Illustration and context)● A symbol (Shapes, icons)Other definitionA heuristic map represents a temporary and arbitraryhierarchy of links between data through a tree structurewhose purpose is to structure and/or let information emerge.Source : www.fredericveve.com(*) : This is our own definition which is not unique in this field !
  • 16. PagePagePagePage 16161616/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)Whatever they are, ideas are never the result of a single individual. It’s often acontinuous process of improvements which contribute to their emergence.Linking an idea to a room in a house to help memorizingwas already used by the Greeks, but it’s Aristote who gavethe first family tree representations and Raymond Lullewho developed them further in his works of the Middle-Age.In the early 70s, the psychologist Tony Buzan, as a result ofhis research on learning and the human brain, gave birth toa method of organizing ideas, using drawings and treestructure, leading to his concept of MindMap® (Carte mentales).To do so he reminded the following principles (Cf. [1]) :The brain functions with radiating thoughtsThe language of the brain is about imagination and associationSource : http://esopedia.urobore.net/Arbor_Moralis1.21.21.21.2
  • 17. PagePagePagePage 17171717/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)Example of radiating thoughts : meetingsNB : Drawing created with Simple Diagrams « www.simplediagrams.com/ »A radiating thought can be seen like a tree structure of associations startingfrom an idea.1.21.21.21.2
  • 18. PagePagePagePage 18181818/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: wherewherewherewhere doesdoesdoesdoes itititit comecomecomecome fromfromfromfrom ???? (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)NB : Imagination and association are much more powerful when usedtogether.AssociationIsstimulatedby…FiguresWordsOrderSymbolsImagesDiagramsIsstimulatedby…ImaginationOur sensesExaggerationColoursLaughterPhotos and picturesRythm and movement1.21.21.21.2
  • 19. PagePagePagePage 19191919/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (1/6)(1/6)(1/6)(1/6)The first stage of a Mindmap is to draw a centre with a topic. Several varieties exist(With image(s), without label, etc.)Possible option(Text + image)Possible option(Image without text)1.21.21.21.2CentreBranchesSub-branchesIcons/imagesLinks/boundariesOverviewMind-mappingfor …
  • 20. PagePagePagePage 20202020/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (2/6)(2/6)(2/6)(2/6)The second stage consists of drawing branches using keywords by idea conveyed(one word per line).1.21.21.21.2CentreSub-branchesIcons/imagesLinks/boundariesOverviewBranches
  • 21. PagePagePagePage 21212121/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (3/6)(3/6)(3/6)(3/6)The third stage consists of adding sub-branches carrying ideas using “sub-keywords" (One word per line if possible).1.21.21.21.2CentreBranchesSub-branchesIcons/imagesLinks/boundariesOverview
  • 22. PagePagePagePage 22222222/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (4/6)(4/6)(4/6)(4/6)The fourth stage consists of adding icons and/or images for the most significant keywords.1.21.21.21.2CentreBranchesSub-branchesLinks/boundariesOverviewIcons/images
  • 23. PagePagePagePage 23232323/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (5/6)(5/6)(5/6)(5/6)The fifth stage consists of adding mental links (See p.64) and boundaries.1.21.21.21.2CentreBranchesSub-branchesIcons/imagesLinks/boundariesOverview
  • 24. PagePagePagePage 24242424/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ?how does it work ? (6/6)(6/6)(6/6)(6/6)© www.emapsfree.fr1.21.21.21.2NB : Mindmap® is a registered brand of Buzan Organization Limited 1998CentreBranchesSub-branchesIcons/imagesLinks/boundariesOverview
  • 25. PagePagePagePage 25252525/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?Mind-mapping allows to :… and further more !Put together information on the samematerial/mediumGenerate and organize ideassee the big picture(Overview and details)Reduce intellectual tireness(facilitated access to information)Structure decision-makingHelp problem-solvingTake notesIncrease individual andcollective performanceShare dataKeep the expertiseSave timeSynthesize a text1.21.21.21.2
  • 26. PagePagePagePage 26262626/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?what is it used for ?Everyone has their own issues… thanks to Mind-mapping• Manage risks ?• Improve productivity ?• Help making decisions ?• Drive change ?• Manage teams ?• Etc.• Take efficient notes ?• Improve my memory ?• Present my ideas ?• Work in teams ?• Enjoy revisions ?• Etc.• Save time ?• Improve audits ?• Reduce paper usage ?• Capitalize on our experience ?• Show our experience ?• Etc.• Manage our activities ?• Structure our presentations ?• Generate ideas ?• Communicate efficiently ?• Show our ‘Know-how’ ?• Etc.1.21.21.21.2
  • 27. PagePagePagePage 27272727/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)Mind-mapping is a paradigm shift !Linear structure Arborescent structureInspired from www.idergie.comWith Mind-mapping we move from a linear structure of information to anarborescent structure, where all useful data is included in a single diagram.1.21.21.21.2
  • 28. PagePagePagePage 28282828/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)The 3 pilars of Mind-mapping1.21.21.21.2
  • 29. PagePagePagePage 29292929/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MindMindMindMind----mappingmappingmappingmapping: summary pointssummary pointssummary pointssummary points(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)Source : www.fredericveve.comMaps achieved with iMindMap1.21.21.21.2
  • 30. PagePagePagePage 30303030/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Chapter IIChapter IIChapter IIChapter II - TheoryTheoryTheoryTheory« Mind-mapping remains the shortest way between an idea we want to convey and thereceivers mental pattern»Christophe TRICOT(Co-founder of MetaCarto)
  • 31. PagePagePagePage 31313131/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ObservationWhatever the context, a mind map is always created for a specific purpose andtargeted public (Self or others). Storing personal information in a map does nothave the same aim as thinking about a specific situation using a decision-treediagram. Likewise, preparing a professional project has a different objective thandoing a brainstorming session. Although, the outcome is identical, i.e. thecreation of a map, the purpose is different. Therefore it makes sense to questionthe intention of a map.Intention of a mapDepending on the issue to address, it fits within one of the following 6categories :● Map for living● Map for thinking● Map for communicating● Map for achieving● Map for learning● Map for healingIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation2222.1.1.1.1
  • 32. PagePagePagePage 32323232/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for living is a practical map, also called memo map, consisting of acollection of pieces of information, regularly used in our daily activities, thusavoiding to always search for the same pieces of information.ApplicationsA few examples :● A shopping list● A service opening hours● A personal or professional appointment● Confidential banking information● Health-related information (Doctor, events, diseases, dates, etc.)● Note-taking● Etc.IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 33. PagePagePagePage 33333333/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : service opening hoursMap achieved with MindViewIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)2222.1.1.1.1© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 34. PagePagePagePage 34343434/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example:anappointmentSources : www.emapsfree.fr + www.google.mapsIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)2222.1.1.1.1MapachievedwthMindManager©www.emapsfree.fr
  • 35. PagePagePagePage 35353535/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : the health record bookletSources : www.emapsfree.fr (The medical record)© www.emapsfree.frMap achieved with MindManagerIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps for livingfor livingfor livingfor living (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 36. PagePagePagePage 36363636/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for thinking implies a thought process, individual or collective, aimedat generating the big picture about a given theme.ApplicationsA few examples :● Ishikawa diagram ("fish-bone" diagram)● A SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)● The 5W1H method (Who? What? Where? When? How? How much? Why? )● The 6-hat method (Edward de BONO)● A brainstorming session, ABCD method● The Eisenhower matrix● The GTD method● Etc.IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (1/9)(1/9)(1/9)(1/9)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 37. PagePagePagePage 37373737/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : Ishikawa diagramNB : This diagram also called "fish-bones" is usually made of 5directions : Environment, materials, methods, people, machines. We canadd to this 2 others: Management and financial means.2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (2/9)(2/9)(2/9)(2/9)Map achieved with XMIND© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 38. PagePagePagePage 38383838/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example:productionincident2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (3/9)(3/9)(3/9)(3/9)MapsachievedwithXMIND© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 39. PagePagePagePage 39393939/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132222.1.1.1.1Carte réalisée avec MindManagerIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (4/9)(4/9)(4/9)(4/9)ExploringtheSWOTmodelwiththePESTLESituation analysis© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 40. PagePagePagePage 40404040/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Map achieved with MindManagerSource : www.emapsfree.fr (The internship –In French-)Feedback on company internship experience with a SWOT analysis2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (5/9)(5/9)(5/9)(5/9)© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 41. PagePagePagePage 41414141/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Describingatopicwiththe5W1HmodelThe advantage of this model is that it systematically questions everyproposition. It was created in the 5th century by latin philosopher Boethiusor Boèce, to assess circumstances related to criminal investigationsSource : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Ws2222.1.1.1.1MapachievedwithXMindIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (6/9)(6/9)(6/9)(6/9)© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 42. PagePagePagePage 42424242/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : a concept note2222.1.1.1.1 IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor thinkingthinkingthinkingthinking (7/9)(7/9)(7/9)(7/9)NB : Sometimes it’s very useful to use sentences instead of keywords !© www.emapsfree.fr Map achieved with MindManager
  • 43. PagePagePagePage 43434343/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : The Eisenhower matrix2222.1.1.1.1Source : www.efh.frIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (8/9)(8/9)(8/9)(8/9)Carte réalisée avec MindManager
  • 44. PagePagePagePage 44444444/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013The 6 thinking hats is a collective reflection method on a specifictheme.Source : « The 6 thinking hats » - Edward de BONO – 20052222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinkingmaps for thinking (9/9)(9/9)(9/9)(9/9)From Edward De BONOMapachievedwithXmind© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 45. PagePagePagePage 45454545/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for communicating is a map which conveys information towards anindividual or a group.ApplicationsA few examples :● The communication of a company or a service (internal & external)● Audits (Internal & external)● Presentations / Speeches● Data libraries● A wish card, a business card● Aggregated data, statistics in a presentation● Etc.Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicating (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 46. PagePagePagePage 46464646/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Source : www.emapsfree.fr (The staff handbook –in French-)Example : a welcome booklet in a company2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicatingmaps for communicating (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)© www.emapsfree.frMapachievedwithMindGenius
  • 47. PagePagePagePage 47474747/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132222.1.1.1.1Example:abooksdatabaseSource : http://emapsfree.fr/bibliotheque-ideale/IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor communicatingcommunicatingcommunicatingcommunicating (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)Map achieved with MindManager© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 48. PagePagePagePage 48484848/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for achieving is to be viewed in preparation of a project.ApplicationsA few examples :● Leisure activities (Travels, sport activities, etc.)● Book-writing, essay-writing● Project management (Personal & professional)● DIY, electricity / plumbing work● Etc.Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (1/5)(1/5)(1/5)(1/5)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 49. PagePagePagePage 49494949/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example:preparingafamilytrip2222.1.1.1.1NB : Childrens mind maps can enrich the whole© www.emapsfree.fr Carte réalisée avec MindManagerIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (2/5)(2/5)(2/5)(2/5)© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 50. PagePagePagePage 50505050/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : internship reportSource : www.emapsfree.fr (Internship report –in French-)2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (3/5)(3/5)(3/5)(3/5)© www.emapsfree.fr Map achieved with MindGenius
  • 51. PagePagePagePage 51515151/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132222.1.1.1.1Example : a product launch map …Source : www.matchware.com/frMap achieved with MindViewIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (4/5)(4/5)(4/5)(4/5)… that can be converted in a Gant diagramInspired from the website www.matchware.com
  • 52. PagePagePagePage 52525252/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132222.1.1.1.1Achieved with MindViewIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (5/5)(5/5)(5/5)(5/5)The Gant diagram… that can be converted in a time line view
  • 53. PagePagePagePage 53535353/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132222.1.1.1.1Achieved with MindViewIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achievingmaps for achieving (5/5)(5/5)(5/5)(5/5)The time line
  • 54. PagePagePagePage 54545454/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for learning is made of a formalized knowledge, in association with oneor more related fields. Its purpose, whether personal or for a group, is to acquirenew behaviours through favouring learning.Remarks● A map for learning is not a map to be memorized. We cannot learn withoutmemorizing (Integrated knowledge), but we can memorize without learning(Non integrated knowledge).● An emotion associated to a map for learning can facilitate its integration.● The body rhythm associated to a map for learning can facilitate learning.ApplicationsA few examples :● The presentation about an author, a discipline, a subject.● A summary of a course, a poem or a book / a text synthesis.● Learning to change a behaviour (Eating better).Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for learningmaps for learningmaps for learningmaps for learning (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 55. PagePagePagePage 55555555/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example : synthesis of a text2222.1.1.1.1Carte réalisée avec XMIND Inspired from the website www.idergie.comIIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor learninglearninglearninglearning (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)The cicada, having sungAll summer long,Found herself sorely deprivedWhen the north wind arrived.Not a single morselOf fly or tiny worm.She went to plead famineAt the house of the Ant her neighbor,Praying her to lend herSome grain to surviveUntil the new season.“I will pay you,” she said to her,“Before August, on my honour as an animal,Interest and principal.”The Ant is not a lender;That is the least of her faults.“What were you doing in warm weather?”She said to this borrower.“- Night and day to all that cameI sang, if you please.”“- You sang? I am very glad.Well! Dance now.”Jean de LA FONTAINEFables, livre I (1668)
  • 56. PagePagePagePage 56565656/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013DefinitionA map for healing is a map addressing human aspects. The purpose is to bringwellness.ApplicationsA few examples :● Personal development● knowledge assessment (Being, doing, procedures, etc.)● Coaching● Personal appraisal● Personal skills assessment● Improvement/loss of memory● Etc.IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: mapsmapsmapsmaps forforforfor healinghealinghealinghealing (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2222.1.1.1.1
  • 57. PagePagePagePage 57575757/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Example:Aself-confidencemap2222.1.1.1.1 Intentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: maps for healingmaps for healingmaps for healingmaps for healing (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)Map achieved with MindManager© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 58. PagePagePagePage 58585858/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013What do you intend to do through drawing a map ?Map achieved with MindManagerIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa mapIntentionofa map: summary mapsummary mapsummary mapsummary map2222.1.1.1.1© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 59. PagePagePagePage 59595959/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.12.12.12.1With these 6 categories have we covered all the situations weface when creating a map ?Answer : Key outlines are given. However, as this field is still a research subjectmatter, one could expect some adjustments going forward. From my side, thingsare a little "settled", hence we are now waiting for reactions and suggestions fromthe user community.What other usage can we make of these categories ?Answer : Apart from the intention, which we believe is necessary to ask whencreating a map, we think the classification of mind maps would be greatlysimplified if libraries on the web, but also the user communities, took intoaccount these categories.IIIIntentionofantentionofantentionofantentionofa mapmapmapmap: FAQFAQFAQFAQ
  • 60. PagePagePagePage 60606060/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation2.22.22.22.2Our aim is to introduce in this chapter some complementary notions that are barelymentioned in the current literature.It is often as a result of observing nature and its mechanisms that findings havearisen (Biomimicry). Therefore it is by using this analogy that we have approachedmind maps through finding inspiration in cognitive properties and behaviours. Tothis effect we have adopted the following rules:A neuron (Brain cell) is never isolated and dies if not solicited.To live, a neuron must be connected to a context (Association principle).From a cognitive point of view, only the number of connections matters.Creating groups of connections is essential for learning.The following pages are based on this approach through applying it to variouselements of Mind-mapping.
  • 61. PagePagePagePage 61616161/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)2.22.22.22.2By default, the creation of the centre is initiated by software and not by the user.This automatic setting, far from helping, generates a misunderstanding, throughsubstituting the user in this founding stage. As a matter of fact, the sheet (ofpaper) is like an infinite space that will be conquered by the user. To drawa centre is manifesting the self-expression that will be conveyed frombranch to branch through keywords.And if this conquest was cognitive ?The centre as the starting point of a conquest
  • 62. PagePagePagePage 62626262/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2Some incoherences about the centreComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)Not visible, unclear, unidentified Disproportionate and confusing
  • 63. PagePagePagePage 63636363/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2The meta-centreWe state as an axiom that any mindmap is itself a key word of one or manymindmaps of higher level (Meta-mindmaps or meta-maps).This axiom is particularly interesting as it leads to question, whilst doing amap, whether the latter is part of another more encompassing category(Example: a book --> a library/a List of books). Thus cognitively the map is nomore isolated but connected to other realities.ComplementaryComplementaryComplementaryComplementarynotionsnotionsnotionsnotions: about the centreabout the centreabout the centreabout the centre (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)
  • 64. PagePagePagePage 64646464/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: context of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a map (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.22.22.22.2Definition :The context is the support of a mind map. This is a conceptual notion that is inpractice a background picture.It is often said that an image is worth a thousand words. This is what thecontext is somehow, animating the map through exposing concepts that wewould otherwise struggle to convey. For example :● Group cohesion (A group image)● A companys values (A photo of the head office, the logo, etc.)● School, college (A background like a spelling book page)● Etc.The context can also be seen as the signified of the map, namely what it isreflective of.NB : The context is a very important communication channel. Its ease of usecan be a decisive criterion when buying a software.
  • 65. PagePagePagePage 65656565/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2Application of the contextWithout context With context (Milky way)ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: context of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a mapcontext of a map (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 66. PagePagePagePage 66666666/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)2.22.22.22.2DefinitionA mental link is an explicit connection between two keywords of a mind map,not necessarily of the same level, to create and/or to develop a relation.Example :RuleA mental link always has a label describing the purpose of the relationship.
  • 67. PagePagePagePage 67676767/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2A mental link is a mind map that has degenerated into a center (The label) and twobranches (Arrows).NB : A mental link is not necessarily in a plane (It remains a projection). It canalso have branches used within the map.ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)
  • 68. PagePagePagePage 68686868/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2ApplicationA mental link may be required in the construction of a map when we see therepetition of the same keyword in different branches.Example : (See also p.49)Map with a repeating keyword Substitution through a mental linkNB : In practice this type of substitution can be very tricky. Therefore itmatters to check that keywords have no other dependencies that could impactthe understanding of the map.ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)
  • 69. PagePagePagePage 69696969/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2Mental links can easily generate a map network around a particular theme. We arehere in the image of a group of neurons.ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: mental linksmental linksmental linksmental links (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4)Could it be that mental links are themselves connectedto other non visible maps ?
  • 70. PagePagePagePage 70707070/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: the 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processesthe 3 cognitive processes2.22.22.22.2The three processes that underpin Mind-mapping can be described as follows :A projective process :Around a central theme the designer enhances his mind map with keywords (Signifier and/or signified) through a diffusing or radiant graphicalstructure.A reflexive process :This is an analysis and thought process based on cognitive capabilities(Associations, memorizations, experiences, etc.).An awareness-raising process :The two above processes turn in circle by a mirror effect, until an ideaemerges at another level of consciousness.What is interesting in this approach is the disappearance of the support to thebenefit of a reflection about a theme. The energy embodied through thecreation of a map is no other than an object (Our thoughts object) that we willcall "Mind-map object".
  • 71. PagePagePagePage 71717171/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: vocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspectsvocabulary aspects2.22.22.22.2One of the major confusions about the vocabulary related to mind maps occurswhen there is a confusion between conceptual notions and theirprojections. We therefore propose the following projection table.NB : In Mind-mapping conceptual notions are to cognition what projection is tographical representation (the drawing of the map).Cognitive fieldField of the graphicalrepresentationCONCEPTUAL NOTIONS PROJECTIONThe self, the topic The centreAssociations Branches & imagesIdeas KeywordsThe context Background of the map
  • 72. PagePagePagePage 72727272/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2At an individual level you mention a conquest when drawing thecentre of a map. What can we say at a collective level ?Answer : There are two aspects in your question.● In the first aspect a group of people gathers around a map and starts drawingthe centre (Typical meeting case). This is a crucial stage because everyone getsinvolved in the subject. From a certain point of view we could say that eachelement of the group, hence each individual, will be a keyword for the map andact as such. But very quickly it is the collective intelligence of the groupdedicated to the subject that will enable the conquest.● In the second aspect we are in a brainstorming situation where the centre willbe found by iterations. No need to say that this search is an unavoidable stage.ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: FAQFAQFAQFAQ(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)
  • 73. PagePagePagePage 73737373/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320132.22.22.22.2Why is the meta-centre of a map important ?Answer : The meta-centre is another mean to create connections, hence tocreate groups of maps. This is an invitation for the designer of the map to putthings in perspective. We could also consider it’s like a zoom out enabling toget a global picture, thus a better realization. Keep in mind that a map, like aneuron, must be connected to a context !A mental link is a map, but can it degenerate into an orientedarrow ?Answer : Representing a link as an arrow does not jeopardize the idea that itis only the visible part of a map. These are for me graphical representationconveniences.ComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotionsComplementarynotions: FAQFAQFAQFAQ(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 74. PagePagePagePage 74747474/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3TrainerBeginnerExpertI knowMind-mappingMy positioning ?I knowMind-mappingI knowMind-mappingSoftwareeditorI knowMind-mappingWhat do I mean when I say that I know mind-mapping ?(What is my maturity level ?)
  • 75. PagePagePagePage 75757575/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3What is positioning ?The 5 parametersPositioning is composed of the 5 following parameters :● Skills : expertise, experience.● Knowledge : knowledge of the topic and related topics.● Consciousness : state of mind at every stage of the model.● Behaviour : attitude conditioned by a set of rules.● Body : feeling, emotions, etc.
  • 76. PagePagePagePage 76767676/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: searching for a modelsearching for a modelsearching for a modelsearching for a model2.32.32.32.3ObjectivesThe model must meet the following objectives :● To favour communication/understanding between users.● To review our knowledge and skills.● To provide improvement prospects.● To allow an individual and collective positioning.ConstraintsTo encompass and to give a meaning to the following limiting statements :● To use a software = to know Mind-mapping● To create/draw a map = to know Mind-mapping● To write a book = to know Mind-mapping
  • 77. PagePagePagePage 77777777/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: maturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scales (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3NB : A maturity scale does not mean judgment but positioning !Two types of scalesA scale for peopleA scale for groups (Organizations)
  • 78. PagePagePagePage 78787878/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: maturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scalesmaturity scales (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3Remarks● There are no judgment or labels associated with these maturity scales.● Each level is an essential contribution to the development of Mind-mapping.● Whatever the experience, positioning is never final.● There is no notion of time associated with each level.● A person may have a different positioning depending on whether it is in anindividual or business context.● Features of levels 1, 2 and 3 apply both to organizations and individuals.● Each level induces a state of mind and a different feeling.● Processes of transition from one level to another are not described.● This model is still at a development stage.
  • 79. PagePagePagePage 79797979/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: level 0level 0level 0level 02.32.32.32.3Information basic mappingThis level refers to the information basic mapping, but also to thediscovery of Mind-mapping, its potential and its effects. This is a beginnerlevel that can be characterized as follows :● Rules for building up maps are not or little respected● The map is barely understandable (Graphic charter, addressee, etc.)● Maps can be hand drawn, sometimes for artistic purposes● Self-training is done via free softwares (Xmind, Freemind)● Some maps are produced with drawing softwares (Ex.: Edraw)● Creations achieved are not reusable or communicable● There is no consciousness of the link between the maps and biomimicry● Created maps are not connected to a global thematic● The intention of the map is not clear or not expressedOrange colourOrange colourOrange colourOrange colour :NB : This level cannot be applied to organizations (Cf. p.81)
  • 80. PagePagePagePage 80808080/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel:Maturitymodel: level 1level 1level 1level 12.32.32.32.3Structuration and sharing of informationThis level is the beginning of structuration and sharing of information but locally.It corresponds at the individual level to the initiation and at a group level to thepractitioner. It can be characterized as follows:● Mind-mapping is perceived by the organization as a tool● The training is software-oriented not mind-mapping-oriented● This is the beginning of collaborative sharing● Map building rules and conventions are put in place● Map reference documents do not exist● Map models or interfaces are not or barely used● Mind Map-based projects are not common● Project Management based on this type of approach remains local● No continuous improvement process in place (Moving up to level 2 is impossible)● Mind-mapping is not the organizations policyGreen colourGreen colourGreen colourGreen colour :
  • 81. PagePagePagePage 81818181/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: level 2level 2level 2level 22.32.32.32.3Blue colourBlue colourBlue colourBlue colour :Valorisation of individual and collective richnessThis level sets the valorisation of individual and collective richness. The individualor the organization have reached the confirmed level in the mind mappingapproach that we can characterized as follows:● Mind mapping is a part of the organizations policy● Reviews of the benefits drawn from using Mind-mapping are highlighted● Multi-map-based projects are systematized● Level 2 mind mapping training is service and collaboration oriented● The approach is encouraged to stimulate creativity and innovation● Templates and interfaces are created and shared via reference documents● Through integrating simplicity, map building rules are mastered● Maps are thus not isolated with regard to their thematic (Biomimicry)● Knowledge is mapped (Audit + meta-documents)NB : Some organizations are at this level in term of functioning.
  • 82. PagePagePagePage 82828282/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ModèledematuritéModèledematuritéModèledematuritéModèledematurité: level 3level 3level 3level 32.32.32.32.3A global, visible and consistent visionThis is the mastery level of mind mapping that can be characterized as follows :● Map designers can offer consulting missions.● Development of applications, using MM for personal purpose or for organizations.● Information exchange interfaces are done through maps.● The designer of the map possesses a global and consistent vision of Mind-mapping.● Internal and external service offers are created and proposed.● The organization makes their clients benefit from Mind-mappings added value.● The continuous improvement process is systematized.● Mastery of colour and its effects.● Mastery of architectures (BD, telephony, notepads, collaborative platforms).● The designer of the map does not necessarily need a support anymore.Purple colourPurple colourPurple colourPurple colour :NB : We dont know organizations at this level !
  • 83. PagePagePagePage 83838383/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturityMaturityMaturityMaturitymodelmodelmodelmodel: summarysummarysummarysummary mapmapmapmap2.32.32.32.3Maps achieved with MindManager© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 84. PagePagePagePage 84848484/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodelMaturitymodel: FAQFAQFAQFAQ (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)2.32.32.32.3Why does level zero not exist for organizations?Answer : This is above all for political reasons ! We consider that a software and atraining are necessary to put in place Mind-mapping within an organization. Thisdoes not mean that at individual level a collaborator cannot draw maps.Despite many years of expertise I may still draw maps manually.Does this mean that I am at level zero ?Answer : Every hand drawn map locates you automatically at level 0. But does itmatter ? What matters is your need at a given point in time ! However if you wishto change level, it is important to consider other practices/methods. For examplewe could imagine that you create your maps mentally, which I admit, requiressome practice. From our point of view visual memory and hearing memoryshould collaborate. Moreover, Mind-mapping is not an end in itself but onemeans amongst others.
  • 85. PagePagePagePage 85858585/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013MaturityMaturityMaturityMaturitymodelmodelmodelmodel: FAQFAQFAQFAQ (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)2.32.32.32.3Why this scale is necessary ?Answer : Beside the benefits we have mentioned, we notice the emergence ofnew jobs related to Mind-mapping such as :● visual facilitators,● knowledge transfer consultants,● information cartographers,● specialized trainers in service offering (Working methods, etc.),● etc.If such a scale did not exist there would be no legitimacy for such professionalactivities. Consequently everyone could offer services around Mind- mapping. Butthis is not the case. First of all because several years of experience are necessaryto talk about the subject, secondly, Mind-mapping on its own means nothing as itgenerally is associated to other jobs such as : coaching, audit, animation, that itadds value to.
  • 86. PagePagePagePage 86868686/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Chapter IIIChapter IIIChapter IIIChapter III – practicepracticepracticepractice“A mind map is not an end in itself. What is important are thecognitive processes that have led to its achievement.”Philippe PACKU
  • 87. PagePagePagePage 87878787/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: example of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent map (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.13.13.13.1Look at this map ! …… what do you think about it ?
  • 88. PagePagePagePage 88888888/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.13.13.13.1Now, could you answer the following questions ?● What is the theme of this map ? …………………………………………………….……………….● Does the map look well-built (Respecting rules) ? …………………..………………....………● What is the context of this map ? …………………………………………….……………..……● Do you feel willing to use it or pass it on ? …………….……………………………………....● What do you think the intention of the map is ? ……..……………………………..……● Could we connect this map to another one ? ………….……………………………………..● Where to position this map in our maturity model ? …………..……………………….ConclusionI feel we probably agree to say that it is difficult to use this map. The problem isthat thousands of maps like this one exist on the web, hence contributing togenerate a harmful pollution to mind mapping development.It might be useful to remind some rules...BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: example of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent mapexample of inconsistent map (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 89. PagePagePagePage 89898989/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: … according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.13.13.13.1Tony BUZAN (Cf. [1]) reminds us that mind mapping rules are split into technical rulesand presentation rules.Technical rulesThey include :● EnhancementUsing a central picture to attract attentionUsing at least 3 colours for the centreUsing images in all mapsUsing different colours for the branchesUsing different font sizes in term of branches’ levelsManaging the space in order to enhance the aesthetic look● AssociationUsing mental links to connect keywords within branchesUsing colours and codes
  • 90. PagePagePagePage 90909090/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.13.13.13.1● ClarityWriting only one single keyword per lineWriting all wordsDrawing lines with same length than wordsDrawing central lines thicker than others● Personal style improvementEach map is better developed than the previous one (The « 1+ » rule)Presentation rulesThey include :● Hierarchy and categorization of ideas● Numerical classificationChronology of ideasImportance orderBut are these rules sufficient ?BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: … according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN… according to Tony BUZAN (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 91. PagePagePagePage 91919191/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrulesBasicrules: some conceptual rulessome conceptual rulessome conceptual rulessome conceptual rules3.13.13.13.1Graphical possibilities from commercial softwares allow for conceptual aberrations.It looks to us important to remind below some principles :Every map only possesses a unique and single visible centreThe branches of a map are always visible (This rule has nothing to do withthe possibility to fold or unfold a map)A mental link is always documented (Via the wording)A floating keyword or a floating image are a mind maps informationelements. To this effect they are linked to the centre itself when no branchis visible.Due to the radiating aspect of the map there is no particular readingdirection of the map; neither from left to right or right to left.Only because of software-related constraints or personal considerations canlead us to read clockwise.
  • 92. PagePagePagePage 92929292/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation3.23.23.23.2Drawing a map does not only mobilize cognitive capacities but also our eyes, ourhands and therefore the whole body. Funnily enough, this relationship toconsidering things as a whole is little covered in most publications about mindmapping. Consequently the map designer and his life balance disappear entirelyfrom the approach.In response to this fact we have introduced the notion of personal ecology;a preliminary stage in the build up of a map which will underpin our build upmethodology. Our presentation thus aims at meeting the following objectives :Objectives● Presenting life balance parameters and how they relate to mind maps● Explaining the importance of water and its role in mind mapping● Introducing Brain gym® as a preliminary technic to creationAnd beforehand let us talk about the brain ?
  • 93. PagePagePagePage 93939393/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: general points about the braingeneral points about the braingeneral points about the braingeneral points about the brain3.23.23.23.2Due to the place it takes and the interest it increasingly attracts, we summarizebelow some general points about the brain :It only accounts for 2% of an adults body weight.It alone consumes 20% of the body’s total energetic resources.It cannot activate more than 2% of its neurons simultaneously.It cannot sustain more than 5’ without oxygen without risking serious lesion.It is made of 90% water that it crucially needs.It needs oxygen to enable our cognition to function (Among others).It is built up to learn during the whole of our life.It is neuro-social (Need to be connected to others).It atrophies if it is not used: « Use it or lose it ».It always works including during the night.Its weight does not reflect its intellectual capacities.It restructures itself during its entire lifetime (Neuroplasticity).It creates new neurons regularly (Neurogenesis).
  • 94. PagePagePagePage 94949494/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: the brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mind----mappingmappingmappingmapping (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.23.23.23.2Given that our approach is biomimicry-based, why not using the brains mechanismto help us designing maps ?Nature likes abundanceFor infants the number of connections (Synapses) considerably increases untilthe end of the first year. His genetic programs generates abundance. However,his life conditions will sort, hence leading to an important loss of neurons andsynapses afterwards.With Mind mapping it can be more interesting to create more branches andkeywords even if in the end we may eliminate part of them.
  • 95. PagePagePagePage 95959595/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.23.23.23.2D.Hebb ruleDonald Hebb highlighted the following points :● The brain links all information it perceives to other information (Association).● Sollicitating one single element can trigger the whole network.● We can never learn a thing in isolation.Regarding mind mapping we can use these principles following two axes :● Associate an emotion to key words, or a map, to reactivate the wholememory.● Link as much as possible a maps subject to knowledge and/or experiencesand/or people.PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: the brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mindthe brain and Mind----mappingmappingmappingmapping (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 96. PagePagePagePage 96969696/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (1/3)(1/3)(1/3)(1/3)3.23.23.23.2From our point of view we can define the personal ecology notion by 4 criteriaplaying a role in our daily life balance :SleepActivitiesFoodWaterThrough their importance they will influence our creativity, hence the creation ofour maps. Not being concerned about it is losing efficiency.© www.emapsfree.fr
  • 97. PagePagePagePage 97979797/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.23.23.23.2It would need several books to treat this subject. However our attention is focusedon two points that look to us essential because they can largely contribute toimprove map creation.WaterNot only water is essential to our lymphatic system, but it also possesses otherqualities :● It enables to reduce stress, which can be useful for exams.● It favours emotional calm.● It stimulates cognitive functions (Improvement of concentration).● It enables a better storage of information.● It improves mental and physical coordination.Of course we cannot substitute other drinks to it because that will be interpretedas food by the body (Tea, coffee, etc.).Shall we drink water before creating a map ?Source : Cf. [7] « Brain Gym » Paul & Gail DENNISSON – 2010PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (2/3)(2/3)(2/3)(2/3)
  • 98. PagePagePagePage 98989898/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.23.23.23.2Brain Gym®Paul Dennisson, doctor in education science, is a pioneer in the field of educationthrough movement. With his wife Gail, they set up a kinesthetic educationmethod back in 1986 based on 26 movements they called : Brain Gym®.This method which implies the whole body enables:● Increasing coordination between eyes and hands● Favouring focus and thus increasing attention● Re-balancing both cerebral hemispheres (Conjoint work)● Improving auditory and mnesic skills● Facilitating learning in generalWhen applied to mind-mapping we noticed a greater facility to build up mapsfollowing a 10 minutes Brain Gym® session (*). But is it a surprise ? A bigadvantage of this method is that it is accessible to all whatever the age.(*) : This is a personal observation.PersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecologyPersonalecology: a balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced lifea balanced life (3/3)(3/3)(3/3)(3/3)
  • 99. PagePagePagePage 99999999/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 20132013201320133.23.23.23.2Why references to the two brains hemispheres are not present inyour document ?Answer : The fact that Mind-mapping (MM) makes both cerebral hemispheresworking jointly, each described by their functionality, has been covered bynumerous books and publications but no scientific evidence of it has ever beenshown. This may be true but to our knowledge no serious study based on fMRI (*)has been conducted to confirm this say.However we believe the strength of mind mapping lies elsewhere. As a matter offact and given our cerebral dominance (CD) we face difficulties as soon as we tryto communicate (For example: someone with a right CD meets someone with a left CD). Inpractice we note that these problems disappear when these people collaborate tothe creation of a map. Communication reweaves with MM where oralcommunication failed.EEEEcologiepersonnellecologiepersonnellecologiepersonnellecologiepersonnelle: FAQFAQFAQFAQ(*) : functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • 100. PagePagePagePage 100100100100/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: presentationpresentationpresentationpresentation3.33.33.33.3Introducing the intention of a map naturally involves to include the Mind-mappingapproach within a construction methodology. Although it may look like an additionalconstraint, it, to the contrary, brings many advantages including giving a rhythm toa map construction.Avantages● Sharing the same references● Facilitating the same communication● Proposing suggestions during construction● Lumping together within the same method all elements presented● Favouring a better understanding of maps● Introducing a 3-stage construction cycle● Extending used graphical components possibilities...… of which the legend… of which the legend… of which the legend… of which the legend
  • 101. PagePagePagePage 101101101101/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the legendthe legendthe legendthe legend3.33.33.33.3A legend is not always present when creating a map. We give below somepossible leads to make one.Creating a legend is selecting a floating subject to which some key words will beadded, but not just this ! Because it can also be the place to create links, todocument or enrich the map with video and sound files. A legend increases amaps potentiality.What if a legend was only a maps keyword ?
  • 102. PagePagePagePage 102102102102/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the cyclethe cyclethe cyclethe cycle (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)3.33.33.33.3Our methodology is split in 3 stages within a same cycle:Before : preparation, blank leaf (and brain empty)● This is a stage where we will put the intention of the map● It is also the time to forget all other maps done● It is the adequate time for personal ecology (Drink water, Brain Gym®)During : creation, formulation● This is a stage to set up rules (Basic and conceptual)● This is also the time to organize into a hierarchy the first level key words● This is the adequate time for reflection and creativityAfter : rationalisation● This is a stage of optimization through adding and deleting keywords● This is also the time to put a legend● This is the adequate time to connect the map to another (Virtual or not)
  • 103. PagePagePagePage 103103103103/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: the cyclethe cyclethe cyclethe cycle (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)3.33.33.33.3The method can be summarized as follows :The sequences between the various stages are not necessarily continuous and canoccur over time.NB : Forgetting other maps means that we give free rein to our creativitythrough moving away from preconceived standards and codifications.
  • 104. PagePagePagePage 104104104104/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013BuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodologyBuildupmethodology: FAQFAQFAQFAQ3.33.33.33.3Is Mind mapping a tool, an approach, a method or a discipline ?Answer : Thank you for this question which brings about a lot ofmisunderstandings between experts. For some it might be easier and reassuringin their speech to talk about softwares. For others their experience goes farbeyond the simple use of a software, and it can be normal to consider Mind-mapping as a method. Tony Buzan, to our point of view, talked about anapproach, and after considering our relation to information, we rather see it as alifestyle.
  • 105. PagePagePagePage 105105105105/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013At an individual level● Increases the value of human (Visualization of knowledge, efficiency, etc.).● Gives back confidence (Save time, diminution of tiredness, etc.).● Increases creativity (Generation and structuration of ideas).● Stimulates cognitive activities.● Facilitates the acquisition of knowledge.At a collective level● Increases the value of collaboration (Knowledge base, people).● Gives back a sense of sharing (Law of exchange: give and receive).● Makes knowledge accessible.● Increases projects and organizations dynamics.● Increases the level of consciousness of a team.ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: maps’ benefitsmaps’ benefitsmaps’ benefitsmaps’ benefits
  • 106. PagePagePagePage 106106106106/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013[1] The Mind Map Book : Unlock Your Creativity, …● Author : Tony BUZAN● ISBN : 978-1406647167● Publisher : BBC Active; 1 edition (2009)[2] Mind Maps for Business● Author : Tony BUZAN● ISBN : 978 2 10052 591 1● Publisher : BBC Active; 1 edition (14 Dec 2009)[3] Idea mapping● Author : Jamie NAST● ISBN : 978-0471788621● Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Inc (2006)[4] The laws of simplicity● Author : John MAEDA● ISBN : 978-0262134729● Publisher : MIT Press (4 Aug 2006)ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: selective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliography (1/2)(1/2)(1/2)(1/2)
  • 107. PagePagePagePage 107107107107/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013[5] Six Thinking Hats● Author : Edward DE BONO● ISBN : 978-0316178310● Publisher : Back Bay Books (1999)[6] Serious Creativity● Author : Edward DE BONO● ISBN : 978-0006379584● Publisher : HarperCollins; (Reissue) edition (1995)[7] Brain Gym® Teacher’s Edition● Author : Paul et Gail DENNISSON● ISBN : 978-0942143027● Publisher : Edu-Kinesthetics Inc; Revised edition edition (2010)[8] Smart Moves : why learning is not all in your head● Author : Dr Carla HANNAFORD● ISBN : 978-0915556373● Publisher : Great Ocean Publishers,U.S.; 2nd edition (2005)ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: selective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliographyselective bibliography (2/2)(2/2)(2/2)(2/2)
  • 108. PagePagePagePage 108108108108/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013What is the purpose of mind mapping ?Answer : The important question. From our point of view : Mind mappingfacilitates an individual and collective awareness through letting emerginginner resources.This aim makes sense if the map disappears from consciousness, but only to bereborn. To some extent a map is like a phoenix to the service of awareness.Can you tell us a bit more about this latter point ?Answer : if one wants to surprise and develop ones creativity, it looks importantto avoid taking the same neuronal "motorways". It therefore is better to look forinspiration elsewhere than from previous achievements. It is therefore necessaryto forget. In this sense a map must die to be born again in a different form, hencefacilitating awareness but at a new level. Starting from your own ashes (Forgottenmap), or from already existing ashes (Various inspirations, other maps, etc.) can makethe Phoenix arise (The new map).ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (1/4)(1/4)(1/4)(1/4)
  • 109. PagePagePagePage 109109109109/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013Do you predict the end of great libraries of maps ?Answer : To the contrary, we notice numbers of passionate individuals whopropose maps that help them. This means that the maps disappear from theireyes. What is not said is the awareness they got through doing these maps.These maps will now serve as basis for other people, hence will be born again tofacilitate another awareness. We see here a big chain of solidarity.Do you mean that there is no interest in displaying a map ?Answer : It depends on the intention of the map. For you it may make sense butif you wish to give it to everyone we then fall into a new issue. As a matter of facta map which is read by someone who has not done it is far less efficient from acognitive aspect. It is typically the difficulty encountered with communicationmaps that demand a huge conceptual effort.ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (2/4)(2/4)(2/4)(2/4)
  • 110. PagePagePagePage 110110110110/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013There is increasingly more talk about collective intelligence usingMind-mapping. What do you think about it ?Answer : We do not feel comfortable using the term collective intelligence, butwould rather talk about collaborative or cooperative intelligence. In this field it isimportant to remain cautious as nothing can be sure as far as sharing knowledgeis concerned. If mind mapping is a paradigm shift, collaborative intelligence isanother one because it requires prerequisites that involve changes at individualand/or collective level. Also we think that collective intelligence is only the resultof collaborative or cooperative intelligence. Yet, Collaborative mind mapping hasits place in this approach because a map is like a neuron. For that mattersoftwares have been quick to exploit this possibility through platforms, whichmakes sense as connecting knowledge/information and connecting neurons isvery similar.ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (3/4)(3/4)(3/4)(3/4)
  • 111. PagePagePagePage 111111111111/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: interview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the authorinterview with the author (4/4)(4/4)(4/4)(4/4)Whether hand drawn or done via a software, a mind map shouldremain a never ending pleasure inviting creativity.Jean-Pascal CÔTE(www.drawmeanidea.com)
  • 112. PagePagePagePage 112112112112/112/112/112/112An overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of MindAn overview of Mind----mappingmappingmappingmappingAprilAprilAprilApril ---- 2013201320132013ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions: contactscontactscontactscontacts

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