Family Catechesis and the Filipino Family


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Family Catechesis and the Filipino Family

  1. 1. Family Catechesis:True Communication in the Family
  2. 2. Gradual disappearance of "Christian society":“… even in countries evangelized many centuriesago, the reality of a ‘Christian society’ … is now gone.”JOHN PAUL II, Novo Millennio Ineunte, Apostolic Letter at the Close of the Great Jubileeof the Year 2000, January 6, 2001GENERAL SITUATIONThe studies point to aprogressive marginalizationof Christianity, making itculturally insignificant,reduced to the private fact …
  3. 3. “… in countries… where Churches ofancient foundation… are experiencing aprogressive secularization of society anda kind of ‘eclipse of the sense of God’…”(Benedict XVI, First Vespers of the solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul)
  4. 4. “In our own time, it (the mission) hasbeen particularly challenged by anabandonment of the faith… There hasbeen a troubling loss of the sense ofthe sacred, which has even called intoquestion faith in a provident creatorGod, the revelation of Jesus Christ asthe one Savior,...”(Benedict XVI, Ubicumque et semper)
  5. 5. SITUATION IN ASIAGlobalization is the coalescingof social and cultural factorswhich has initiated a processthat is weakening traditions andinstitutions and thereby rapidlyeroding both social and culturalties as well as their ability tocommunicate values andprovide answers to perennialquestions regarding lifesmeaning and the truth.”(Synod of Bishops, Instrumentum Laboris, 47)
  6. 6. At the level of economics,“Many also admit that it does not in itself guarantee a fairdistribution of goods among the citizens of differentcountries.” Hence, economic globalization has worked to thedetriment of the poor.(JOHN PAUL II, Address to the Members of the Foundation for Ethics andEconomics, 17 May 2001, no. 2.)SOME DANGERS OF GLOBALIZATIONSITUATION IN ASIA
  7. 7. At the level of culture“The market has become the medium of a newculture… And it led to the erosion of traditionalfamily and social values which are the valuesthat give the people direction in life.”(JOHN PAUL II, “Address at Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences”, no. 3.)At the level of economicsSITUATION IN ASIASOME DANGERS OF GLOBALIZATION
  8. 8. At the moral level… it fosters a relativist attitude which makes itmore difficult to accept Christ as ‘the way, thetruth and the life’ for everyone.(JOHN PAUL II, Homily at the Eucharistic Celebration at the Conclusion of theExtraordinary Consistory, 24 May 2001)At the level of cultureAt the level of economicsSITUATION IN ASIASOME DANGERS OF GLOBALIZATION
  9. 9. Regarding the practice of faith andthe various forms of ecclesial lifeGlobalization has these effects: “a weakening offaith in Christian communities, a diminishedregard for the authority of the magisterium, anindividualistic approach to belonging to theChurch, a decline in religious practice and adisengagement in transmitting the faith to newgenerations.” (Synod of Bishops, Instrumentum Laboris, 48)At the moral levelAt the level of cultureAt the level of economicsSITUATION IN ASIASOME DANGERS OF GLOBALIZATION
  10. 10. Migration“Poverty and other economic factors are among thecauses that provoke the phenomenon of migration ingreat proportions (within Asia and even outside).”(CAJILIG, Family Catechesis: Contextual Challenges, 110)SITUATION IN ASIA
  11. 11. Reasons for Migration:a. Rejection from the country of origin:Those who flee economic conditions that threaten their livesand physical safety, are the so-called ‘economic migrants’.Their movement is more forced than voluntary.SITUATION IN ASIAMIGRATION
  12. 12. MIGRATIONReasons for Migration:b. An attraction towards the lifestyle of thecountry of destination.SITUATION IN ASIAa. Rejection from the country of origin
  13. 13. a. Absenteeism of parents, as a result of parentsleaving for work;b. Parents leaving their children to foreign househelpers;(FABC document on Family Catechesis)CHALLENGESRAISED BYMIGRATION
  14. 14. The basic units of Philippine society are the nuclearfamily of the husband, wife and children, and thebilaterally extended family which includes the familiesof the husband and the wife.THE FILIPINO FAMILY
  15. 15. Family is “a group of personsunited by ties of marriage,blood or adoption; constitutinga single household; interactingand communicating with eachother in their respective socialroles of husband and wife,mother and father, son anddaughter, brother and sister;and creating and maintaining acommon culture”.THE FILIPINO FAMILY
  16. 16. The Non-Traditional Family Forms1. Solo-parent family (has 5 Types)a. widow or widower and his/her child/children;b. single man or woman and his/her adopted child/children;c. separated parent and his/her child/children;d. unwed woman and her child/children; ande. mistress and her child/children by a married man2. Step-families or blended families.3. Formed by homosexuals4. Childless couples5. Composed of siblings who have been orphaned,or those whose parents are away as OCWsTHE FILIPINO FAMILY
  17. 17. The Family Code of the PhilippinesMarriage is “a special contract ofpermanent union between a manand a woman entered into inaccordance with law for theestablishment of conjugal andfamily life. It is the foundation ofthe family and an inviolable socialinstitution whosenature, consequences, andincidents are governed by law andnot subject to stipulation.” (Art. 1)THE FILIPINO FAMILY
  18. 18. Socialization in theFilipino Family Socialization is a life-long process oflearning whereby the individualacquires the accepted beliefs, values,sentiments, norms and behavior of hisgroup and society.Within the family, socialization is aninteractive process between childrenand parents. The family is the chiefagent of socialization in the child’s lifebecause it is primarily in-charge ofnurturing the child during the earlyformative years.THE FILIPINO FAMILY
  19. 19. Faith Formation in the Filipino Family“Filipino Catholic children receive from their family aninitial but very simple and scanty religious education.It is because of the increasing break-up of families andbecause parents, who are engrossed in work, find no moretime to catechize their children.”THE FILIPINO FAMILY“The great majority of Catholic parents do not feelsufficiently equipped to give their children a morecomprehensive religious instruction. But the unfortunateresult is the growing number of children who are baptizedbut never adequately catechized.” (NNCDP 81)
  20. 20. Faith Formation in the Filipino Family“One reason for inadequacy ofparents and adults… is the lack ofcontinuing catechesis for them.”(NNCDP 82)THE FILIPINO FAMILY
  21. 21. Catholic educational institutions have been making a distinctcontribution to the total well-being of the country.” (PCP II 622)BUTTHE FILIPINO FAMILYMany Catholic parents and Catholic school graduates:Catholic education = a passport to better opportunities forearning a livingAND SO…Many graduates of Catholic schools havebeen successful economically and politicallybut they have also contributed to thedismal economic and political imbalancesexisting in the country.” (PCP II 627)
  22. 22. Risk BehaviorsFindings show a high and increasing pattern of risk behaviorsamong young people which are magnified by their tendencytowards multiple risk-taking: “adolescents who are exposed tosmoking, drinking or drug abuse are more likely to be sexuallyactive and that early sex is associated with other risky sexualbehaviors ...”The Filipino Youth
  23. 23. Premarital SexSome factors:a. The impact of changing family configuration.b. The increased mobility of both parents and adolescentsin recent years meant a decline in direct supervision ofparents on their children.a. The adolescents report the home to be the mostpopular venue of the first sexual encounter due toabsentee parenting.The Filipino Youth
  24. 24. Study made by de Irala et al. in 2009:a. Students reported that they obtainedinformation about love and sexuality mainlyfrom friends (57.5% for males and 69.6% forfemales).b. In the case of males, by the Internet and youthmagazines (27.1%); in the case of females, byparents (30.7%). But generally, the youth(especially girls) value parents’ opinion more thanfriends’ in most topics.c. The authoritative sources like priests andteachers were not anymore in the top threechoicesDiscussion of Sex at HomeThe Filipino Youth
  25. 25. The Filipino YouthActual Situationa. Parental absenteeism is agrowing reality among the livesof teens. Almost half (47%) donot have either one or bothparents around most of the timewith them.b. But among those whose parentsare more immersive in the livesof the teens, in 2000 (MetroManila), more teens werebenefitting from more time withparents.
  26. 26. 2006 McCann-Erickson survey:Increase in the time spent withparents on a nationwide scale.Both parents are eating breakfast anddinner, chatting, watching TV, doingchores, going to the Church, listening tothe music, studying or doing homework,shopping and eating out more with theirchildren. They are also doing a better jobat imbibing the interests of the youth – TVshows, music - as well as a more hands-onapproach when it comes to schoolwork.(McCANN ERICKSON PHILIPPINES, 2006 McCann Inter-generation Study. Youth Study Highlights.)The Filipino Youth
  27. 27. Morality2006 McCann IntergenerationStudy :In general, the youth’s personalstandards have not deviatedmuch . BUT…Some further ‘loosening’ of moralstandards were detected.The Filipino Youth
  28. 28. Morality2006 McCann Intergeneration Study :a. Only the use of illegal drugs and, to a certainextent, cheating on one’s boyfriend or girlfriend areconsidered outright wrong.b. For many other things, only 6 out of 10 personsconsider as wrong the following things: taking somethingwithout paying, use of violence, drunkdriving, suicide, marital infidelity, staying away from schoolwork, hazing and casual sex.The Filipino Youth
  29. 29. Moralityc. About half think that gambling, relationship with amarried person, pre-marital sex, sex on TV, phone/internetsex, porn and sexually explicit language is wrong.d. And less than half think that abortion,divorce/separation, violence on TV, smoking cigarettes,getting drunk, paying for sex and gay relationships arewrong.McCANN ERICKSON PHILIPPINES, 2006 McCann Inter-generation Study. Youth Study Highlights.The Filipino Youth
  30. 30. “The Church feels the responsibility to devise new toolsand new expressions to ensure that the word offaith, which has begotten the true life of God in us, beheard more and be better understood, even in the newdeserts of this world.” (Instrumentum Laboris, 8)
  31. 31. The Work of EvangelizationEvangelization points that every free movement ofthe human heart towards God and towards hiskingdom cannot but by its very nature lead toChrist and be oriented towards entrance into hisChurch. (Cf. DNE 9-10)Evangelization is ourresponse because it,alone, offers to man theTruth, i.e., God.(Cf. Doctrinal Note on Some Aspects ofEvangelization 4)
  32. 32. John Paul II“… a new evangelization. It will be new in its ardor, new in itsmethods and new in its expressions.”(Discourse to the assembly of Celam, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 9th March 1983)
  33. 33. Benedict XVI“The New Evangelization is ‘new’ not in its content its inner thrust, open to the grace of the Holy Spirit whichconstitutes the force of the new law of the Gospel that alwaysrenews the Church;‘new’ in ways that correspond with thepower of the Holy Spirit and which aresuited to the times and situations;‘new’ because of being necessaryeven in countries that have alreadyreceived the proclamation of theGospel.”(Homily on the Solemnity of SS. Peter and Paul at theBasilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls on June 28, 2010)
  34. 34. Benedict XVINew Evangelization is,first and foremost, apersonal “profoundexperience of God.”(Ubicumque et Semper)
  35. 35. Catechesis is anessential momentin the process ofevangelization. (GDC63)This is not an optionalactivity, but basic andfundamental for building upthe personality of theindividual disciple, as it is forthe whole Christiancommunity. (GDC 64)
  36. 36. Good Catechesis is essential for the NewEvangelization that catechists provide theecclesial communities.(13th Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization, Proposition no. 29).
  37. 37. ADULT CATECHESISOne cannot speak of the New Evangelization if thecatechesis of adults is non-existent, fragmented,weak, or neglected. When these defects are present,pastoral ministry faces a very serious challenge.(13th Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization, Proposition no. 29).Adult catechesis is “thechief form of catechesis.All the other forms, whichare indeed alwaysnecessary, are in some wayoriented to it.” (GCD 20)
  38. 38. Proposition 48 : THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYEstablished by the sacrament of matrimony, theChristian family as the domestic Church is the locusand first agent in the giving of life and love, thetransmission of faith and the formation of the humanperson according to the values of the gospel. Inimitating Christ, the whole Church must dedicateherself to supporting families in the catechesis ofchildren and youth. In many cases the grandparentswill have a very important role.
At the same time the New Evangelization should striveto address significant pastoral problems aroundmarriage…NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILY
  39. 39. Christian Marriage, True Way to Form the FamilyChristian revelation recognizes two specific ways ofrealizing the human vocation to love in its entirety:marriage and virginity or celibacy. (FC 11)NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYThe communion of love betweenGod and people finds ameaningful expression in themarriage covenant which isestablished between a man and awoman. (FC 12)
  40. 40. Proposition 48 : THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYEstablished by the sacrament of matrimony, the Christianfamily as the domestic Church is the locus and first agent inthe giving of life and love, the transmission of faith and theformation of the human person according to the values ofthe gospel. In imitating Christ, the whole Church mustdedicate herself to supporting families in the catechesis ofchildren and youth. In many cases the grandparents willhave a very important role.
At the same time the New Evangelization should strive to addresssignificant pastoral problems around marriage…NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILY
  41. 41. The Christian Family as the Domestic Churcha. Lumen Gentium 11: “The family is, so to speak, thedomestic Church. In it parents should, by their wordand example, be the first heralds of the faith to thechildren.” (LG 11)NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYb. Gaudium et Spes 3: Thefamily as “the principalschool of social virtues whichis necessary to every society”c. Apostolicam Auctuositatem 11:The family as “the primary (basic)cell of the society given by Godhimself”
  42. 42. The Christian Family as the Domestic Churchd. Gravissimum Educationis 3: …the role of parents is ofsuch importance that it is almost impossible to provide anadequate substitute.NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYe. Christifideles Laici 62: The Christian Family,as the ‘domestic Church’, also makes up anatural and fundamental school for theformation in the faith.f. General Directory for Catechesis 255: Thefamily as “an environment or means ofgrowth in faith.”
  43. 43. Proposition 48 : THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYEstablished by the sacrament of matrimony, the Christianfamily as the domestic Church is the locus and first agent inthe giving of life and love, the transmission of faith and theformation of the human person according to the values ofthe gospel. In imitating Christ, the whole Church mustdedicate herself to supporting families in the catechesis ofchildren and youth. In many cases the grandparents willhave a very important role.
At the same time the New Evangelization should strive to addresssignificant pastoral problems around marriage…NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILY
  44. 44. 1. Forming a Community of Persons2. Serving LifeThe parents have two particular duties:a. Transmission of Life: Procreation as thetransmission of the divine image from personto person is the fundamental task of the familyto serve life. (FC 28)b. Education: Since parents have conferred lifeon their children, they have a most solemnobligation to educate their offspring...Hence,“the family is the first school of those socialvirtues which every society needs.” (GE 3)Tasks of the Family (From Familiaris Consortio)3. Participating in the Development of the Society4. Sharing in the Life and Mission of the Church
  45. 45. “The couples are ‘co-operators of graceand witness of the faith’. They are thefirst to pass on the faith to their childrenand to educate them in it.” (AA 11)Family CatechesisThe Catechetical Role of Parents“The parents are not called to supplement the process ofgrowth in faith, but are called to be the first to impart faithto the children. It is a responsibility and an obligation whichthey accept knowingly and consciously when they enterinto marriage and when they ask for baptism for theirchildren.” (Cf. The Rites of the Catholic Church, Vol. 1)
  46. 46. Triple Responsibility of parents (GDC 226) :1. that of silent witnessing of a faith that is authenticallylived daily2. that of accompanying their children in occasion ofparticular events in their searching, and3. that of interiorizing the more systematic catechesisthat the children receive in the community.Family CatechesisThe Catechetical Role of Parents“Family catechesis precedes, accompanies andenriches all forms of catechesis.” (CT 68)
  47. 47. “The parents are the mostimportant guides in addressing thegreat problems or issues of theirchildren.The children learn from theirparents the orientation for life…They can be ‘formed’ regardingtheir relationship with God.”(A. BIESINGER, H. BENDEL and D. BIESINGER, Incontro aGesù con mamma e papa, In cammino verso la PrimaCommunione come catechesi familiare)Family CatechesisThe Catechetical Role of Parents
  48. 48. Family and MigrationAmong the rights ofthe family is the rightto emigrate as afamily in search for abetter life. But theright to migrateincludes the right tobe with one’s family.MIGRATION: THE CHURCH’S INTERVENTION
  49. 49. It is the Christian formation and education inthe faith of the children carried out in thefamily, where the parents have afundamental role.Family CatechesisNature of Family CatechesisFrequently the recipients of this catechetical activity areadults, as future spouses or Christian couples or parents.(G. CAVALOTTO, La catechesi familiare nella Chiesa Cilena, in “Via, Verità e Vita”, 143[1993] 80)
  50. 50. Family catechesis becomes “the action ofevangelization and Christian formation directlyaddressed to parents and indirectly the wholefamily in preparing children for First Communion.”Family CatechesisNature of Family Catechesis
  51. 51. Family catechesis promotes the family in 4 points of view:Family CatechesisNature of Family Catechesisa. Family catechesis asthe family as itsrecipient/object as itturns itself to everysingle member: parentsand children.
  52. 52. Family catechesis promotes the family in 4 points of view:Family CatechesisNature of Family Catechesisb. The communion,the types ofrelationship andcommunication inthe family in thelight of the Gospelbecome the themesto be discussed.
  53. 53. Family catechesis promotes the family in 4 points of view:Family CatechesisNature of Family Catechesisc. Family catechesis makes thefamily a central place ofcatechesis. Catechesis is realized inthe dialogue at home, betweenparents and children. Not only theparents catechize their childrenbut often also the children are theevangelizers of their parents.
  54. 54. Family catechesis promotes thefamily in 4 points of view:Family CatechesisNature of Family Catechesisd. The family is the subject of catechesis not only in themeasure in which the parents are responsible for thecatechesis, but also in that the parents throughencounters with and among them become mature in thefaith and contribute in a decisive manner in shaping anddetermining the process of catechesis.
  55. 55. Family CatechesisPurpose of Family Catechesisa. To develop the faith of adults.b. To improve the life of the nuclear family.c. To help parents to effectively implement thetask of being catechists of their children.d. To integrate the adults in a stable Christiancommunity.e. To engage the adults in building a more justsociety.
  56. 56. Family catechesismust never bedetached from theconcrete life of thefamily in order thatit may be effective.(BIESINGER, BENDEL and BIESINGER,Incontro a Gesù con mamma e papa,56)Family CatechesisTypes of Family Catechesis
  57. 57. Family CatechesisTypes of Family Catechesis“Family catechesis assumes very different modalities,such as witnessing of the faith in the daily life, theChristian reading of the events, sacramental initiation,formation of conscience, initiation into prayer life, etc.It is a Christian education…more witnessed to than taught,more occasional than systematic,more on-going and daily thanstructured into periods.” (GDC 255)
  58. 58. In the Philippines, familycatechesis “is done throughfamily participation in theweekly Sunday liturgy, thegreat liturgical feasts of theyear, special parishcelebrations as well asthrough formal catecheticalinstruction.” (NNCDP 392)Family CatechesisTypes of Family Catechesis
  59. 59. As support to the families, theChristian community has to keepwatch of the conditions that renderthe faith possible, intelligible anddesirable.Family CatechesisRole of the Christian CommunityThe Christian community must help parents intransmitting well the faith to their children. It must be atransmission that is founded on closeness of persons –interpersonal and intergenerational; it does not dependon doing, but on living in the sense that the subjectcommits his own existence to action.
  60. 60. And “in concrete, the Christiancommunity helps parentsassume their responsibility ofeducating their children in thefaith by means of personalcontact, meetings, courses andalso adult catechesis directedtoward parents.” (GDC 227)Family CatechesisRole of the Christian Community
  61. 61. The Filipino Christian Family: The Domestic Church“The Philippine Catholic Church, following the teachingthat the family is the ‘domestic Church; the Filipino familyhas the unique advantage of catechizing and instillingamong its young members basic human values.” (NNCDP 66)“The family is the most significant locus of catechesis inthe Philippines… For Filipino Catholics, the family is boththe context and the agent of catechesis.” (NNCDP 80)(CBCP, The Christian Family, Good News for the Third Millenium)NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILY
  62. 62. Thankyou.
  63. 63. Proposition 48 : THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYEvery pastoral plan of evangelization should also include arespectful invitation to all those who live alone, toexperience God in the family of the Church.NEW EVANGELIZATION and THE CHRISTIAN FAMILYIt is necessary to educate people in how tolive human sexuality according to Christiananthropology, both before marriage as wellas in marriage itself.The Synod notes with appreciation thosefamilies who leave their homes in order tobe evangelizers for Christ in other countriesand cultures.