3. Analytic and Synthetic Cubism In the analytic phase (1907–12) the cubist palette was severely limited, largely to black, browns, grays, and off-whites. In addition, forms were rigidly geometric and compositions subtle and intricate. Cubist abstraction as represented by the analytic works of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Juan Gris intended an appeal to the intellect. The cubists sought to show everyday objects as the mind, not the eye, perceives them—from all sides at once. The trompe l'oeil element of collage was also sometimes used. During the later, synthetic phase of cubism (1913 through the 1920s), paintings were composed of fewer and simpler forms based to a lesser extent on natural objects. Brighter colors were employed to a generally more decorative effect, and many artists continued to use collage in their compositions. The works of Picasso, Braque, and Gris are also representative of this phase.
4. <ul><li>Which of the two paintings is from the early Analytical </li></ul><ul><li>Cubist Period? </li></ul>
5. Correct response!
6. Incorrect response!
7. Realism in the visual arts and literature refers to the general attempt to depict subjects "in accordance with secular, empirical rules", as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation. As such, the approach inherently implies a belief that such reality is ontologically independent of man's conceptual schemes, linguistic practices and beliefs, and thus can be known (or knowable) to the artist, who can in turn represent this 'reality' faithfully. As Ian Watt states, modern realism "begins from the position that truth can be discovered by the individual through the senses" and as such "it has its origins in Descartes and Locke, and received its first full formulation by Thomas Reid in the middle of the eighteenth century."
8. 2. Which of the following two images represent the Realist Period?
9. Correct response!
10. Incorrect response!
11. A collage (From the French: coller , to glue) is a work of formal art, primarily in the visual arts, made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole. A collage may include newspaper clippings, ribbons, bits of colored or hand-made papers, portions of other artwork, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas. The origins of collage can be traced back hundreds of years, but this technique made a dramatic reappearance in the early 20th century as an art form of novelty.
12. 3. Which of the two works of art represent the Collage style of art?
13. Correct response!
14. Incorrect response!
15. Abstract art uses a visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. The arts of cultures other than the European had become accessible and showed alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist. By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.
16. Which of the four images represents abstract art?
17. Correct response!
18. Incorrect response.
19. Salvador Dali is one of the most celebrated artist of all time. His works span several decades and art styles. Which of the four paintings is not a Dali?
20. Correct response!
22. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was born on July 15, 1606, in Leiden, the Netherlands. His father was a miller who wanted the boy to follow a learned profession, but Rembrandt left the University of Leiden to study painting. His early work was devoted to showing the lines, light and shade, and color of the people he saw about him. He was influenced by the work of Caravaggio and was fascinated by the work of many other Italian artists. When Rembrandt became established as a painter, he began to teach and continued teaching art throughout his life.
23. Which of the paintings below is not a Rembrandt?
24. Correct Response!
25. Incorrect Response!
26. Temptation of Saint Anthony
27. Which is not a rendition of the Temptation of Saint Anthony?
28. Correct Response!
29. Incorrect Response!
32. Which of the sculptures below is not Greek, but a Roman copy of Greek Style?
33. Correct Response!
34. Incorrect Response!
35. Whether paying tribute to an artist, or copying a work of art for the artistic challenge, many artist old and new have had their work(s) copied. Which of the paintings below is a copy of artist Ernie Barnes’ “Sugar Shack”?
36. Correct Response!
37. Incorrect Response!
38. Pablo Picasso, Three Musicians, 1921 Romare Bearden, Johnny Hudgins, 1981 Starr Abbott, A Summer Romance Wassily Kandinsky, Blue Rider, 1913 Claude Cauquill, Black Woman Geoffrey Laurence, The Reality of Things Winston Smith, Green Day Insomniac (album cover) Rembrandt, The Jewish Bride
39. Salvador Dali, The Temptation of Saint Anthony Salvador Dali, Face of Mae West Vladimir Kush, Sunrise by the Ocean Salvador Dali, The Visage of War Rembrandt, Patriae Pater Rembrandt, Self Portrait Rembrandt, Jeremiah lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem
40. ollo Peter Howson, Temptation of Saint Anthony Joos Van Craesbeeck, Temptation of Saint Anthony Martin Schongauet, Temptation of Saint Anthony Peter Paul Rubens, The conversion of Paul A Kouros, Greece 530 B.C Apollo, Roman copy of Greek Style 130-140 C.E
41. Ernie Barnes, Sugar Shack (Series) Zeus or Poseidon, Roman 460 B.C.E Ernie Barnes, Sugar Shack (Series) Artist Unknown, Recreation of Ernie Barnes’ Sugar Shack Series Juan Gris, Portrait of Pablo Picasso, 1912