Jorge Núñez Ferrer, CEPS; jorge.nunez@ext.ceps.eu Presentation for the European Parliament lunch seminar 2 February 2010 T...
Prelude   <ul><li>EU is inefficiently using its aggregate public resources and those are often incoherent with objectives ...
Aggregate EU public expenditure vs. Switzerland and Canada SOCIAL EXPENDITURE 41,4% 20,8% 20,7% Competitiveness and growth...
EU BUDGET <ul><li>Best role is leverage and solidarity </li></ul><ul><li>CAP is too heavy and too big as a share of the EU...
CLIMATE AND BUDGET <ul><li>CLIMATE CHANGE IS A  HORIZONTAL  PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE COHERENCE WITH CLIMATE OBJECT...
R&D <ul><li>The SET Plan needs sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure ADDITIONALITY – funds have to focus on R&D wh...
Single market in Energy <ul><li>High level of renewables  needs large integrated grids .  </li></ul><ul><li>Energy savings...
COHERENCE & FOCUS <ul><li>ALL POLICIES  NEED TO BE COHERENT WITH EMISSION OBJECTIVES! </li></ul><ul><li>EU PUBLIC PROCUREM...
Agriculture <ul><li>Emission reduction potential in the case of the EU agricultural sector is limited </li></ul><ul><li>Bu...
BETTER STRATEGIES <ul><li>Integrate climate objectives in member states development strategies effectively </li></ul><ul><...
EXTERNAL ACTION <ul><li>Copenhagen has shown us what happens if EU does not have a single face, a single voice and a singl...
<ul><li>http://www.ceps.be/book/future-sustainable-competitive-and-greener-eu-budget-integrating-climate-change-objectives...
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Eu Budget and climate change report presentation

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Presentation of report in the European Parliament. The report is on the integration of climate change objectives into the EU budget.
http://www.ceps.eu/book/future-sustainable-competitive-and-greener-eu-budget-integrating-climate-change-objectives

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Eu Budget and climate change report presentation

  1. 1. Jorge Núñez Ferrer, CEPS; jorge.nunez@ext.ceps.eu Presentation for the European Parliament lunch seminar 2 February 2010 THE EU BUDGET AND CLIMATE CHANGE
  2. 2. Prelude <ul><li>EU is inefficiently using its aggregate public resources and those are often incoherent with objectives </li></ul><ul><li>The EU budget is also used inefficiently and is thus undermined </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBER STATES AND THE EU NEED A RESTRUCTURING OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURES </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aggregate EU public expenditure vs. Switzerland and Canada SOCIAL EXPENDITURE 41,4% 20,8% 20,7% Competitiveness and growth 15,2% 30,1% 20,2% Source: Centre d’Analyse Strategique (2009), Scoreboard of public spending in the European Union and its Member States, Paris
  4. 4. EU BUDGET <ul><li>Best role is leverage and solidarity </li></ul><ul><li>CAP is too heavy and too big as a share of the EU budget, not necessarily EU public expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Use budget for leverage and solidarity also for the CAP (different co-financing rates depending GNI or GDP) </li></ul><ul><li>Competitiveness concerns imaginary, CAP is today completely unfairly distributed, ironically co-financing can reduce unfairness. </li></ul><ul><li>CAP and budget can free themselves from present policy straightjacket. </li></ul>CAP pillars 1&2
  5. 5. CLIMATE AND BUDGET <ul><li>CLIMATE CHANGE IS A HORIZONTAL PROBLEM </li></ul><ul><li>ENSURE COHERENCE WITH CLIMATE OBJECTIVES (and other objectives too) </li></ul><ul><li>MAXIMISE LEVERAGE INSTRUMENTS, use EIB, PPPs etc. </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVE STRATEGIC PLANING AND EVALUATION </li></ul>
  6. 6. R&D <ul><li>The SET Plan needs sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure ADDITIONALITY – funds have to focus on R&D where risks too high or maturity of technology too far into the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Fund large scale demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVE participation of PRIVATE SECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>FOLLOW UP projects after completion </li></ul><ul><li>Find cause of low PRIVATE R&D in Europe </li></ul>
  7. 7. Single market in Energy <ul><li>High level of renewables needs large integrated grids . </li></ul><ul><li>Energy savings and more energy security can be achieved with a single European energy market. </li></ul><ul><li>TEN-E needs to be reinforced and HVDC lines installed where needed. Most assistance for cross border and cohesion countries (with cohesion funds). </li></ul>
  8. 8. COHERENCE & FOCUS <ul><li>ALL POLICIES NEED TO BE COHERENT WITH EMISSION OBJECTIVES! </li></ul><ul><li>EU PUBLIC PROCUREMENT RULES: Should require appropriate technologies from contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Emission impacts need to be integrated, as well as impacts of climate changes on infrastructure use and depreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate on resource use, ecosystem management, and on fast practical side: reinforce action for waste management (methane) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Agriculture <ul><li>Emission reduction potential in the case of the EU agricultural sector is limited </li></ul><ul><li>But LAND MANAGEMENT needs further exploring, explore carbon capture potential (could be integrated into ETS) </li></ul><ul><li>ADAPTATION has to be central in future policy, explore private insurance schemes with state guarantees. </li></ul>
  10. 10. BETTER STRATEGIES <ul><li>Integrate climate objectives in member states development strategies effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Combine EU budget, EIB, national and private funds to develop low carbon zones . – Showcases, good for green jobs, investment and promoting EU technologies. In line with Lisbon and Gothenburg strategy </li></ul><ul><li>EU and national strategic potential need improvement: Better targeting, better evaluation and a culture of results not fund absorption is needed </li></ul>
  11. 11. EXTERNAL ACTION <ul><li>Copenhagen has shown us what happens if EU does not have a single face, a single voice and a single VISIBLE financial tool. </li></ul><ul><li>One financial channel and one common position will be important to influence global policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Financing: ETS is the most obvious candidate. It fulfils criteria for EU own resources better than most other options. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>http://www.ceps.be/book/future-sustainable-competitive-and-greener-eu-budget-integrating-climate-change-objectives </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sieps.se/en/publications/rapporter/can-reforming-own-resources-foster-policy-quality.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/committees/studies/download.do?language=en&file=20293#search=%20value%20added%20of%20agricultural%20 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/committees/studies/download.do?language=en&file=20293#search=%20value%20added%20of%20agricultural%20 </li></ul>

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