Education Roundtable Survey Electronic Version


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Education Roundtable Survey Electronic Version

  1. 1. research reportNo More Teachers,No More Books?Every person is an educator, every space is a classroom.Higher education is changing. Ever-evolving technologies, escalating costs, and increased studentdiversity are converging on college campuses and changing students’ expectations for whatthe college experience should look and feel like. Students are imploring universities to modifypedagogy so that classes focus on collaborative learning and one-on-one interaction. As a result,administrators and educators are rethinking the one-size-fits-all model for college classrooms andevaluating what types of spaces effectively support collaboration and help students and facultyengage in transformational learning. “Why would I go to this place unless it’s absolutely going to facilitate some sort of experience?” —Student Photo: Columbia College, Chicago, IL
  2. 2. Students RegardEducators As FacilitatorsStudents view the classroom as a space where teachersfacilitate learning and see every person as an educator.They’re not interested in sitting through long lectures.Online video and readily available podcasts allow students toaccess information from the comfort of their dorm rooms orapartments. When they come to class, they want to step intoan environment where hands-on collaborative learning takesplace in small groups.Our roundtables revealed that many educators andadministrators remain devoted to traditional teachingparadigms; they value collaborative learning but still see Photo: Ogilvy & Mather, New York, NYvalue in the lecture format. Still, according to the results of “Every single person in that room is an educator.the Gensler education survey, educators and administrators Is there one main instructor who has to scoreview webcasts and podcasts as one of the three most effective and be a facilitator? Yes, but I am an educator,methods for teaching and learning. just as you are an educator.”—StudentAll three groups believe a multi-modal pedagogy—one that “Students come to class to work collaboratively. It’sblends several teaching methods and integrates technology— that contact and that experience, and it’s not ledis the most effective teaching/learning method. by me…I facilitate it.”—EducatorCampuses Are LiveSocial NetworksIn recent years, pundits, academics, and others have frequentlydiscussed the proliferation of online social networks and howthese networks affect students. But what is often omitted fromthese conversations is that in spite of students’ penchant forupdating Facebook statuses and dispensing news via Twitter,they still crave meaningful face-to-face interaction witheducators and each other.Student roundtable participants and survey respondentsconveyed this sentiment, saying that they prefer to learnin small groups and to teach each other rather than watchlectures online, secluded from their classmates. “I learn best Photo: University of the Pacific, Stockton, CAwhen I can really interact with my classmates and/or myteacher on a one-to-one basis,” said one student. “Space needs to foster engagement… meaningful engagement.” —AdministratorAdministrators and educators recognize the importance ofon-campus interaction. Both groups identified creating a “We are all looking for a tactile learning andsense of community as one of the most important trends teaching experience.” —Educatoraffecting college campuses. Administrators and educators donot believe online social networks can create communities on “It should be congregation space aroundtheir own. “The students need to feel a pattern of community a resource.” —Educatorand Facebook isn’t going to cut it,” said an administrator.Gensler | 2011 Education Roundtables
  3. 3. Non-Traditional PedagogyRequires Non-Traditional Learning SpacesStudents want pedagogy to incorporate collaborative learning;educators want campuses to integrate traditionally separatedacademic disciplines. Universities can meet these demandsby providing spaces that support collaboration and byrecognizing the vital role campus design can play in facilitatinginteraction between academic departments.The diverse needs of students and educators require a diversemix of spaces. The one-size-fits-all lecture hall is becomingobsolete because these spaces lack flexibility and inhibit one-on-one interaction. Classrooms need the flexibility to supportvarious pedagogies and different types of learning. Photo: East Stroudsberg University, East Stroudsburg, PAClassrooms are only one facet of a college campus. Students “Instead of just fitting it in where we can, let’s makeand educators are using in-between spaces such as lounges, a concerted effort to really think about why wecourtyards, and atria to interact and learn from each other. are putting this class here, why are we having theDesigning campuses to take advantage of the creative classrooms on this level?” —Administratorlearning that takes place in these in-between spaces can helpcolleges and universities support diverse types of learning that “The technology needs to support my hands-onstudents and educators partake in. teaching style.” —EducatorDesigning to Student and EducatorNeeds Improves Value and Reduces CostsAccording to our focus groups, escalating costs remain a topconcern of administrators and educators, and there is noreason to believe this will change. The testing and researchorganization ACT says one in three students do not returnafter freshman year, taking tuition money out of universitycoffers. It is clear that students and their parents want greaterreturns for their education dollars, and finding ways to providemore value for less money is an issue with which the academiccommunity will continue to grapple.The next conversation is how universities can designcampuses that reduce costs and present a college experience Photo: Columbia College, Chicago, ILthat falls in line with student expectations. Reevaluating thetypes of spaces that improve learning environments is critical “Anywhere you have a network, you have a library.”to this process. —AdministratorCampuses best serve students when they consider the new “It costs six dollars a year to keep a book on a shelf inand diverse ways that students access information, study, and an average academic library.” —Educatorinteract with educators and each other. “There are quite a few faculty members that actually have virtual office hours.” —Student
  4. 4. Research MethodologyGensler hosted seven roundtable discussions with university Following the roundtables, Gensler conducted a surveyadministrators, educators, and students from 42 institutions in asking respondents to identify the top trends impacting thethe United States and United Kingdom. Discussions took place teaching/learning experience, the most effective approachesin New York, London, Los Angeles, Houston, Chicago, Dallas, to pedagogy, and the types of spaces that can improve theand Washington, D.C. learning environment. Top Trends Impacting The Teaching/Learning Experience Students Pervasiveness High Diverse Mix of Other of Knowledge Expectations Student Needs Educators Pervasiveness Escalating Creating Sense Other of Knowledge Costs of Community Administrators Pervasiveness Escalating Creating Sense Other of Knowledge Costs of Community 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Most Effective Approaches to Pedagogy Students Multi- Teacher as Hands-on Other modal Facilitator Lab/Studio Educators Multi- Group Webcast/ Other modal Podcast Administrators Multi- Hands-on Webcast/ Other modal Lab/Studio Podcast 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Space Types That Improve the Learning Environment Students Mix Space with Technology Other of Spaces Daylight Views Rich Spaces Educators Mix Breakout Flexible Other of Spaces Rooms Spaces Administrators Mix Flexible Technology Other of Spaces Spaces Rich Spaces 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%Gensler | 2011 Education Roundtables
  5. 5. Roundtable ParticipantsStudents, educators, and administrators from the following institutions participated in Gensler’s EducationRoundtable series.Chicago Los AngelesColumbia College Biola UniversityThe Chicago School The Dawn ProjectDePaul University Riverside Community CollegeIIT Institute of Design Santa Monica College University of Southern California (USC)Dallas Ventura Community CollegeCollin CollegeMountain View College, Dallas County Community New YorkCollege District Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva Univer-Texas Christian University sityThe University of North Texas Columbia Law SchoolThe University of Texas Arlington The Cooper UnionThe University of Texas Dallas New York Hall of Science New York School of Interior DesignHouston New York UniversityLone Star College - Kingwood Opportunities for a Better TomorrowLone Star College - CyFair Parsons the New School for DesignLone Star College - Tomball Yeshiva UniversityTexas Southern UniversityUniversity of Houston Washington, D.C. American UniversityLondon Catholic UniversityLondon Metropolitan University Georgetown UniversityLondon School of Economics George Washington UniversityMenipal Institute of Technology University of the District of ColumbiaQueen Mary University of London Virginia TechRavensbourne College of Design andCommunicationGensler | 2011 Education Roundtables