Nursing ResearchWhat it is, why it is, and how to use it correctly
Objectives:• Define nursing research• List the components of a research article• Understand the process of critiquing research• Appreciate the significance of nursing research
Definitions:• Nursing research: a scientific investigation of a issues of importance to the field of nursing (conehealth.com, n.d.)• A scientific process that validates and refines existing knowledge and generates new knowledge that directly and indirectly influences nursing practice (Pinoy, 2009).
How research impacts nursing practice• Safe and quality care • Obligation to is based upon profession, patient evidence and society to• Used to improve execute best practice patient outcomes • Insurance• Provides validation reimbursement can of methods and be based upon practices evidence based research
• Benefits of reading research articles:• Research articles are the best source of tested, evidence-based information.• By going to the source of information, readers can draw their own conclusions about the quality of the research and its usefulness to their work.• Readers can use the research to inform decisions about their programs, including decisions about program development, design, or discontinuation.• Readers can incorporate the evidence into their practice or resource materials (Know Mo, 2009).
In analyzing a research report, the readermust evaluate each step of the researchprocess and ask questions about whethereach step of the process meets the criteria.
Evidence based practice is providingcare based on proven research datathat supports the practice improvespatient outcomes. The research isreliable if it can be replicated withsimilar results.
Parts of a research articleIntroduction Review of literature Purpose statementMethodology Participants in the study including the sample size and a description of those participants (e.g., age, gender, education level). How participants were selected for the study (e.g., random sample, convenience sample, census) What was measured and how was it measured An explanation of how the data was analyzed
Parts of a research articleResults Statistical analysisDiscussion or interpretation of results Limitations of studyConclusion and summaryReferences
Is there Sufficient Research to Guide Practice?• Consistency of findings across studies• Studies reported are sound and conducted appropriately• Clinically relevant
ReferencesCone Health. (n.d.) QI, evidence based practice and nursingresearch: Is there a difference? Retrieved from:http://www.conehealth.com/body_nursing.cfm?id=1471Pinoy. (2009, November 20). The definition of nursing research.[Web log comment]. Retrieved from:http://pinoynursesnotes.blogspot.com/2009/11/defintion-of-nursing-research.html