Art Elements     and   Design Principles
These are two major concepts in          Basic Design:         Art Elements     • The Building Blocks               &     ...
These are what you will learn about
LINE    • A moving point.    • Defines an edge.    • Is straight and/or      curved.    • Can vary in      thickness.a
So far we covered:
SHAPE• Enclosed by a line.• Occupies a space.• Is two dimensional.• Can be empty or  filled.
So far we covered:
SPACE• Bound or  boundless.• Positive or  negative.• Exists: above,  below, around, or  inside an object.
So far we covered:
VALUE• Measurement of  light.• Black, white, and  gray.• Lights and shadows.• Volumetric.                        highlight...
So far we covered:
FORM• Three  dimensional.• Contains a space.
So far we covered:
TEXTURE• “Feel” of the surface.• Smooth or rough.• Plain or busy.
So far we covered:
COLOR• Spectrum of light.• Hues and tones.• Warm, cool, neutral.• Primary, secondary,  tertiary.• Contrasting and  analogo...
So far we covered:
HARMONY• Repeats similar  colors and  shapes  throughout.• Uncomplicated,  yet rich.• Easy on the eye.
So far we covered:
Balance• Equal visual weight.• Nothing overly  dominates.• Symmetrical,  asymmetrical,  radial.
So far we covered:
PROPORTION• Relationship of parts  to one another and  the whole.• Ratio of: size,  distance, and  amounts.
So far we covered:
EMPHASIS• Brings out  particular objects  or areas.• Achieved through:  size, position, and  contrast.
So far we covered:
MOVEMENT• Directs the eye  around.• Shows action.
So far we covered:
RHYTHM• Pattern• Repetition of  motifs.• Regular,  alternating,  random.
So far we covered:
UNITY• Completeness,  Gestalt.• Different pieces  working  together.• The whole is  greater than  the sum of its  parts.
So far we covered:
Lets Review What We Covered• Basic design can be broken down into  art elements and design principles.• The art elements a...
INFORMATION RESOURCESPrinciples of design:• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_elements_and_   principles• http://en.wiki...
IMAGE RESOURSES•   Art Deco Title Border http://www.clipartof.com/interior_wall_decor/details/Retro-Black-And-White-Art-De...
FINISThe materials for this presentation and associated resources have been prepared foreducational purposes based on inde...
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Art Elements and Design Principles

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This presentation is about two major concepts in basic design-art elements, and
design principles. Download the attached work sheet and answer the questions on it, as you click through the presentation. Enjoy!

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Art Elements and Design Principles

  1. 1. Art Elements and Design Principles
  2. 2. These are two major concepts in Basic Design: Art Elements • The Building Blocks & Design Principles • The Structural Rules
  3. 3. These are what you will learn about
  4. 4. LINE • A moving point. • Defines an edge. • Is straight and/or curved. • Can vary in thickness.a
  5. 5. So far we covered:
  6. 6. SHAPE• Enclosed by a line.• Occupies a space.• Is two dimensional.• Can be empty or filled.
  7. 7. So far we covered:
  8. 8. SPACE• Bound or boundless.• Positive or negative.• Exists: above, below, around, or inside an object.
  9. 9. So far we covered:
  10. 10. VALUE• Measurement of light.• Black, white, and gray.• Lights and shadows.• Volumetric. highlight light shado w core of shadow reflected light cast shadow
  11. 11. So far we covered:
  12. 12. FORM• Three dimensional.• Contains a space.
  13. 13. So far we covered:
  14. 14. TEXTURE• “Feel” of the surface.• Smooth or rough.• Plain or busy.
  15. 15. So far we covered:
  16. 16. COLOR• Spectrum of light.• Hues and tones.• Warm, cool, neutral.• Primary, secondary, tertiary.• Contrasting and analogous.
  17. 17. So far we covered:
  18. 18. HARMONY• Repeats similar colors and shapes throughout.• Uncomplicated, yet rich.• Easy on the eye.
  19. 19. So far we covered:
  20. 20. Balance• Equal visual weight.• Nothing overly dominates.• Symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial.
  21. 21. So far we covered:
  22. 22. PROPORTION• Relationship of parts to one another and the whole.• Ratio of: size, distance, and amounts.
  23. 23. So far we covered:
  24. 24. EMPHASIS• Brings out particular objects or areas.• Achieved through: size, position, and contrast.
  25. 25. So far we covered:
  26. 26. MOVEMENT• Directs the eye around.• Shows action.
  27. 27. So far we covered:
  28. 28. RHYTHM• Pattern• Repetition of motifs.• Regular, alternating, random.
  29. 29. So far we covered:
  30. 30. UNITY• Completeness, Gestalt.• Different pieces working together.• The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
  31. 31. So far we covered:
  32. 32. Lets Review What We Covered• Basic design can be broken down into art elements and design principles.• The art elements are the building blocks and the design principals are the rules and guidelines.• These elements and principles make up a visual language that can be used to: plan, create, and critique a piece of artwork.
  33. 33. INFORMATION RESOURCESPrinciples of design:• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_elements_and_ principles• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principles_of_art• http://www.artsconnected.org/toolkit/encyc_balan cesymmetry.htmlElements of art:• http://30.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_l9kduyOxOd1q e2odko1_400.jpg• http://www.getty.edu/education/teachers/building _lessons/formal_analysis.html• http://www.goshen.edu/art/ed/Compose.htm
  34. 34. IMAGE RESOURSES• Art Deco Title Border http://www.clipartof.com/interior_wall_decor/details/Retro-Black-And-White-Art-Deco-Styled-Border-3- Poster-Art-Print-209596• Elements and Principles Symbols http://30.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_l9kduyOxOd1qe2odko1_400.jpg• “Woman” line drawing, Wayne Roberts, www.wroberts.com.au/html/drawings.html• Hand with Paint Brush http://www.123rf.com/photo_10843144_female-hand-holding-paint-brush-isolated-over-white- background.html• Heart Symbol http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_(symbol)• “Negative Space Pillow,” Mathilde Roussel-Giraudy, http://www.cmybacon.com/2010/09/negative-space-pillow/• Value Faces http://www.gomediazine.com/tutorials/beautiful-vector-illustration/• Value Sphere http://jwaltonart.wordpress.com/drawing-one/drawing-slideshows/• White Vase Forms http://www.decorpad.com/relatedBookmarks.htm?bookmarkId=1532• Texture http://mayang.com/textures/Architectural/html/Paint%20Effects/index.html• Color Prism http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2011/05/the_fun_of_going_faster-than-l.php• Harmony, “Mont Sainte Victoire,” Cezanne http://www.writedesignonline.com/resources/design/rules/balance.html• Balance, “Queen of the Night” Erte http://artdecoblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/erte.html• Balance, “Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Raidal” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principles_of_art• Proportion, “Accurate Proportion” http://blogs.msdn.com/b/socaldevgal/archive/2007/06/24/accurate-proportion.aspx• Proportion, “Golden Spiral” http://layersmagazine.com/the-divine-proportion.html• Emphasis, “dots” http://csulaart156.wordpress.com/category/principles-of-design/• Empasis, “Campbells Soup “ Warholl http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Warhol• Emphasis, “Birds” Esher http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/m-c-escher/birds• Movement, “The Green Dancers” Degas, http://www.theartgallery.com.au/ArtEducation/greatartists/Degas/GreenDancers/• Rhythm, “Regular, Random, Alternating http://www.designamour.com/2009/01/09/i-never-met-a-tile-pattern-i-didnt-like/• Unity, “The Arnolfini Marriage” Jan van Eyck http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/eyck_jan_van.html
  35. 35. FINISThe materials for this presentation and associated resources have been prepared foreducational purposes based on independent and public resources and are not to be reproduced without written permission. © 2012 Julia M. Damon
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