Copyright is the legal right of creative artists or publishers to control the use and reproduction of their original works When you want to use someone else's work in a way that goes beyond the boundaries of fair use or other statutory authorization (for example the TEACH Act, or the libraries' exemptions in Section 108 of the Copyright Act) you need to know whom to ask for permission. What is copyright?
First determine if you will be using the media beyond : The Fair Use Act The Library Act The TEACH Act When accessing material of the internet.
Fair use provisions of the copyright law allow for limited copying or distribution of published works without the author's permission in some cases. Examples of fair use of copyrighted materials include quotation of excerpts in a review or critique, or copying of a small part of a work by a teacher or student to illustrate a lesson. How can I tell if my copying is allowed by fair use provisions of the Law? There are no explicit, predefined, legal specifications of how much and when one can copy, but there are guidelines for fair use. Each case of copying must be evaluated according to four factors: The purpose and nature of the use. The nature of the copyrighted work. The nature and substantiality of the material used. The effect of use on the potential market for or value of the work. http://www-sul.stanford.edu/cpyright.html Fair Use Act
Libraries have a special set of exemptions from liability for copyright infringement when they exercise some of the exclusive rights of copyright holders such as making copies, displaying and performing works publicly, and distributing works to the public. They also enjoy the protections of other more general exemptions, such as fair use. Copyright in the library is a set of short articles that explain each of the law's special privileges and the conditions under which libraries enjoy them. http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/l-intro.html Library Act
The Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization Act of 2002, known as the TEACH Act, is an Act of the United States Congress. The importance of the TEACH Act stems from the previous copyright laws that allow educators to copy documents or use copyrighted materials in a face-to-face classroom setting. Because of the growth of distance education that does not contain a face-to-face classroom setting revisions to these laws, particularly sections 110(2) and 112(f) of the U.S. Copyright Act, needed to be made. It was signed into law by President George W. Bush on November 2, 2002. The TEACH Act clarifies what uses are permissible with regard to distance education. Furthermore, the TEACH Act outlines what requirements the information technology staff and students of a university must abide by in order to be in compliance with the TEACH Act. While in some cases Fair Use Doctrine covers compliance to copyright law, the TEACH Act clarifies what compliance measures must be implemented with regard to distance education. This Act permits teachers and students of accredited, nonprofit educational institutions to transmit performances and displays of copyrighted works as part of a course if certain conditions are met. If these conditions are not or cannot be met, use of the material will have to qualify as a fair use or have the permission of the copyright holder to be lawful. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TEACH_Act) The TEACH Act
Gain permission to use copyrighted material using the following guidelines:
identify the author or authors and contact one or more of them; ask whether they own the copyright or whether the work was work for hire; ask whether they have conveyed away any of their rights, and if so, to whom. How to gain copyright permission.
Harper, Georgia K. 2oo1. The copyright crash course. Retrieved from http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TEACH_Act http://copyright.lib.utexas.edu/l-intro.html http://www-sul.stanford.edu/cpyright.html References