Rick Griffin , 36 , of Stockton, CA was 6’3” and weighed 340 pounds. While hospitalized in the county psychiatric health facility he became extremely agitated. Eight staff members wrestled him to the floor and bound him in leather restraints.
James White, 17, & Joey Aletriz, 16 , died at the same residential program in Pennsylvania in December 2005 & February 2006, respectively, after being restrained by staff in the prone position. Both died from positional asphyxia.
According to Joey’s mother: “I didn't send my son there to be killed. My Joey needed help, and this is what he got instead.”
Retrieved from http://www.nbc10.com/news/6885605/detail.html
Gloria Huntley, 31 , died in a state hospital, having been kept in restraints for 558 hours during the last 2 months of her life. Diagnosed with asthma and epilepsy, she was nevertheless restrained over and over again because of angry outbursts at hospital staff. (Weiss et al., 1998 )
7 months after being admitted, begging to come home, fearing she would die there. Later, Roshelle was physically restrained in the prone position and given IM medication. With 8 staff watching, she lost control of her bodily functions, was rolled in a blanket, and carried to the seclusion room.
Five minutes passed before a staff member noticed she had not moved and was dead.
According to her grandmother, “ … Roshelle had her share of problems, but good God, no one deserves to die like that.”
Retrieved from http://www.charlydmiller.com/LIB05/1998hartfordcourant11.html
In October 2001, Ben Bartow, 41, died in restraints and seclusion at an Oregon hospital. According to an aide, Ben was allowed 1 can of soda a day -- he had 2. The next day, when Ben was not allowed a soda he became agitated. 6-10 staff "dog piled" on top of Ben. He was handcuffed, and given IM medication. Ben’s body went limp. He was carried into the seclusion room and put in restraints. Sometime later, staff noticed that Ben was cyanotic and dead. Several staff who participated in the restraint testified they never heard of “positional asphyxia”.
Retrieved from http://www.cartercenter.org/healthprograms/1992_adoc6.htm
In October 2002, Jean-Max Auguste, 50, a mental health worker was kicked in the chest while attempting to physically restrain a patient in the prone position with 2 other staff at Greystone Park Psychiatric Center in New Jersey. He was pronounced dead less than 30 minutes later. Mr. Auguste died from sudden cardiac arrest secondary to blunt force trauma to the chest.
Retrieved from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06E1DE113FF932A05753C1A9649C8B63
Mark Bittner, 30, mental retarded, resided at a Developmental Center and was awaiting community placement. He died after less than 12 minutes in a prone restraint, on the floor.
He refused being escorted to the gym, by a new staff member. He was physically restrained by 4 staff. The Medical Examiner found more than 20 contusions, lacerations, bruises, and hemorrhages on his body.
Retrieved from http://www.mdlcbalto.org/Rosewood.pdf
Strictly defined “physical punishment consists of infliction of pain on the human body, as well as painful confinement of a person as a penalty for an offense” (Hyman, 1995 , 1996 )
The involuntary overpowering, isolation, application and maintenance of a person in restraints is an aversive event from both the standpoint of logic and from that of the victim (Miller, 1986 ; Mohr & Anderson, 2001 )
In study of classroom interventions used with adolescents who had mental retardation: When physical restraint was used as consequence for inappropriate classroom behavior, rates of the problem behavior increased in all sessions for each student. Student’s play and positive behavior also decreased.
Angie Arndt, 7, was in a therapeutic day program in WI for less than a month when she was restrained in the prone position by 2 staff using a therapeutic hold on the “Safe Room” floor. She died within 5 minutes from positional asphyxia and cardiac arrest. Murder charges are being considered by the District Attorney.
In her obituary, Angie was described as: “… a girl known for her beautiful smile. She enjoyed camping, walks, listing to her music, dancing, imitating her sister Sasha and playing with her friends, especially cousin Vanessa. She loved food and her dolls. She was a joy to be around and has touched many lives.”
Retrieved from http://wcco.com/local/local_story_160104804.html ;
Gareth Myatt 15 years old Traumatic asphyxia and chest compression; face-down restraint
Jimmy Kanda 6 years old Strangulation while in restraint hold
Kelly Young 17 years old Positional asphyxiation Kelly. died in a restraint "basket" hold and taken down to floor
Linda Harris 14 years old Stopped breathing after being physically restrained by male worker
Tristan Sovern 16 years old Asphyxiation during restraint Workers restrained Sovern face down on the floor
Angellika "Angie" Arndt 7 years old Stopped breathing after being placed in prone restraint position
Anthony Green 15 years old Bobby Joe Randolph 17 years old Bobby Sue Thomas 17 years old Brandon Hadden 18 years old Casey Collier 17 years old Cedric Napoleon 14 years old Charles "Chase" Moody,Jr. 17 years old Carlton Eugene Thomas 17 years old Darryl Thompson 15 years old Dawn Renay Perry16 years old Diane Harris 17 years old Donderey Rogers 14 year old Earl Smith 9 years old Eddie Lee 15 years old Eric Roberts 16 years old Garrett Halsey 16 years old Jamal Odum 9 years old Jamar Griffiths 15 years old Jason Tallman 12 years old Jeffrey Bogrett 9 years old Jeffery Demetrius 17 years old Jerry McLaurin 14 years old Joshua Ferarini 13 years old Joshua Sharpe 17 years old Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros 16 years old Krystal Tibbetts 3 years old Kyle Young 16 years old. Latasha Bush 15 years old Leroy Prinkley 14 years old Maria Mendoza 14 years old Mark Draheim 14 years old Matthew Goodman 14 years old Mark Soares 16 years old Martin Lewis Anderson 14 years old Michael Garcia 12 years old Michael Ibarra-Wiltsie 12 years old Omega Leach 17 years old Orlena Parker 15 years old Paul Choy 16 years old Rochelle Clayborne 16 years old Randy Steele 9 years old Robert Rollins 12 years old Roxanna Gray 17 years old Sabrina E. Day 15 years old Shirley Arciszewski 12 years old Shinaul McGraw 12 years old Stephanie Duffield 16 years old Timothy Thomas 9 years old Tanner Wilson 11 years old Thomas Mapes 17 years old Travis Parker 13 years old Tristan Sovern 16 years old Wauketta Wallace 12 years old William "Eddie" Lee 15 years old Willie Wright 9 years old
Restraints and Seclusion: Challenge the Assumptions