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9.1

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 9.1
  • 2. Monarchs and Nobles
    • Feudal monarchs stood at the head of society but had limited power
    • They ruled their own domains but relied on vassals for military support
    • The nobles and the Church had as much or more power than the monarchs
  • 3. Nobles and the Church
    • Both the Nobles and the Church had their own courts
    • Collected their own taxes
    • And had their own army
  • 4. Centralizing Power
    • The monarchs tried to centralize power by expanding the Royal Domain and setting up their own system of justice that undermined the feudal and church courts.
  • 5. Centralizing Power (ctd.)
    • The monarchs also organized a government bureaucracy
    • Developed a system of taxes
    • And built a standing army
    • They also strengthened ties with the middle class
  • 6. Fight for England
    • During the middle ages, Angles, Saxons, and Vikings all invaded and settled in England.
    • Although feudalism developed, English rulers generally kept their kingdom together.
  • 7. Fight for England(ctd.)
    • In 1066, the Anglo-Saxon king Edward died leaving no heir.
    • Edward's brother-in-law, Harold, was chosen to rule, but Duke William of Normandy, an agressive descendant of Vikings also claimed the English throne.
  • 8. Fight for England(ctd.)
    • Duke William of Normandy raised an army and gained the backing of the Pope. He sailed across the English Channel.
    • At the battle of Hastings, William beat Harold and on Christmas Day 1066, William the conqueror, as he was now called, got the crown of England.
    • Williams french speaking nobles took over, the Anglo-Saxons still survived and had 300 years of blending with the people of normandy
  • 9. Controlling England
    • William took firm control of his land, he granted feifs to the church and to the Norman lords, he kept a large amount of the land for himself.
    • He monitored who built castles and where. He required every vassle to swear allegence to him before the feudal lords that they served.
  • 10. The Magna Carta
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