Kin 189 Characteristics Of A Profession, Contemporary Issues


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Kin 189 Characteristics Of A Profession, Contemporary Issues

  1. 1. KIN 189 – Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries Characteristics of a Profession Athletic Training: Education/Certification/Licensure Contemporary Issues
  2. 2. Characteristics of a Profession <ul><li>Six generally accepted characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves a skill based on theoretical knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves a skill that requires training and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must demonstrate competence by passing a test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity is maintained by adherence to a code of conduct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service is provided for the public good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is organized </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Theoretical Knowledge <ul><li>Idea of a profession not limited by thought that all required information and knowledge is available at once </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is “theoretical” in that it’s based on sound reasoning and thinking drawn from scientific knowledge and fact </li></ul><ul><li>Most professionals are able to extrapolate information related to theory-based knowledge from other sources and apply that information to the task at hand </li></ul>
  4. 4. Training and Education <ul><li>Allows for the transmission of specialized skills and knowledge that the professional must have </li></ul><ul><li>“Skills” defined differently by different professions, but the training and education of a profession should be evident in the areas of skills and knowledge </li></ul>
  5. 5. Certification and Examination <ul><li>A professional must demonstrate competence by passing a test/exam </li></ul><ul><li>Many professions require tests for licensing or certification (teachers, nursing, plumbers) </li></ul><ul><li>Not all occupations that require a license or certification meet all other criteria for being considered a profession </li></ul>
  6. 6. Integrity and a Code of Ethics <ul><li>Integrity of a profession is maintained by adherence to a code of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics of a profession outline the way in which individuals should conduct themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Typically have a committee/process for review breach of conduct reports and discipline offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity of a professional is measured by the ability of the ethics committee to review and act on an individual’s unethical behavior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Public Good <ul><li>Professional service is available, not just to certain individuals, but to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>If a professions service is available and accessible to the public, it’s considered to be “for the public good” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Organization and Associations <ul><li>Organization of a profession indicates that there are committees, task forces and other special groups of members that function within the larger structure, all working toward a common goal or mission </li></ul><ul><li>Group must show a purpose beyond that of a collection of people with a job in common </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why is Athletic Training a Profession? <ul><li>Skill-based theoretical knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation/rehabilitation/etc. based upon theoretical knowledge but situations often call for application of deductive reasoning to solve a problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training and education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accredited education program, required clinical experiences, four-year college degree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BOC certification exam (written, written simulation, oral practical components) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certification maintained via continuing education requirements every three years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual state requirements (currently 43/50) of certification, licensure, registration and/or exemption </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Why is Athletic Training a Profession? <ul><li>Code of ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Code and system of evaluating infractions is well established and ready for immediate action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service to “traditional” settings and expansion into ancillary settings to address needs/wants of public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National and multiple district and state level organizations, committees and subcommittees </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Contemporary Issues in Athletic Training <ul><li>Governmental affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of profession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change of BOC exam administration (2/06) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Likely change in CEU requirements/reporting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State licensure/certification/registration efforts (43/50) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reimbursement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coalition to Preserve Patient Access to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CMS lawsuit regarding “Therapy Incident to…” (PT/OT/speech and language therapists) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Contemporary Issues in Athletic Training <ul><li>Education reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of accreditation agency forthcoming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Role Delineation Study and changes in entry-level skill/knowledge requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational multimedia expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informing and educating others about athletic training profession and benefits of services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NATA month every March </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Contemporary Issues in Athletic Training <ul><li>Employment settings/opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosion of ancillary settings with “physically active” population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More to come – limited by creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for women, minorities in athletic training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued emphasis on expanding diversity of opportunities in education, employment, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Contemporary Issues in Athletic Training <ul><li>Position Statements – many are interassociation task force efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Planning in Athletics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exertional Heat Illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluid Replacement for Athletes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head-down contact and Spearing in Football </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of the Spine Injured Athlete </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Contemporary Issues in Athletic Training <ul><li>Official Association Statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Acquired MRSA Infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of full-time, on-site ATC for coverage of secondary school programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steroids and performance-enhancing substances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commotio cordis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate medical coverage for secondary schools and intercollegiate athletics </li></ul></ul>