Kin 188 Introduction To Athletic Training


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Kin 188 Introduction To Athletic Training

  1. 1. KIN 188 – Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries Introduction to Athletic Training
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Sports medicine team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles and responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>History of athletic training and NATA </li></ul><ul><li>Career opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>SJSU Accredited Undergraduate Athletic Training Education Program </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sports Medicine Team <ul><li>Primary team members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Physician/Primary Care Physician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PPE, injury diagnosis, insurance, legal liability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domains of athletic training (6) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletic Training Student/s (ATS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher, supervisor, safety/rules, first responder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athlete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fitness, nutrition, adherence to rules, report injuries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sports Medicine Team <ul><li>Ancillary team members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialist Physicians (Orthopedist, Podiatrist, Radiologist, Dentist, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Therapists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Medical Services (EMT, Paramedic, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise Physiologists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sport Psychologists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrators </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. History of Athletic Training <ul><li>Key dates for profession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1950 – NATA formed in Kansas City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1957 – NATA Code of Ethics adopted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1959 – First undergrad curriculums approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1972 – First grad curriculums approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1970 – First certification examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1986 – NATA Standards of Practice adopted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1990 – Recognized as allied health profession by AMA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 – Elimination of internship route to certification </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) <ul><li>“ The ATC credential and Board of Certification, Inc. requirements are currently recognized by 43 states for eligibility and regulation of the practice of athletic trainers.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The credibility of the BOC and the ATC credential it awards are supported by three pillars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The BOC Certification Examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The BOC Standards of Practice and Disciplinary Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing competence requirements (CEUs).” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) <ul><li>“ BOC Certification is recognized by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies and is the only accredited certification program for athletic trainers, who are allied health care professionals.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ To be certified, an individual must demonstrate that s/he is an athletic trainer capable of performing the required duties without threat of harm to the public.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC) <ul><li>In order to attain credential, one must </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete an entry-level (undergraduate or graduate) athletic training education program accredited by CAAHEP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass BOC certification exam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOC certification examination based upon Role Delineation Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies current entry-level knowledge, skills and abilities required for practice as an athletic trainer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently has 3 components (written, written simulation and oral practical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement to computer based exam in February, 2006 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Athletic Training <ul><li>Domains of athletic training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical evaluation and diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization and administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Prevention <ul><li>Provide education about risk associated with participation in activities </li></ul><ul><li>Review pre-participation screening information by applying accepted guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Instruct individuals about required standard protective equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Apply appropriate prophylactic and protective measures using commercial or custom made devices </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention <ul><li>Identify safety hazards in equipment and facilities and recommend intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor participants and environment following accepted guidelines regarding safe participation </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate physical conditioning by designing and implementing programs </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain clinical and treatment areas in compliance with safety and sanitation standards </li></ul><ul><li>Promote sound nutritional practices by encouraging adherence to accepted guidelines </li></ul>
  12. 12. Clinical Evaluation and Diagnosis <ul><li>Obtain medical history via interview and/or review of records </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect involved area/s to assess condition </li></ul><ul><li>Palpate involved area/s to assess condition </li></ul><ul><li>Perform specific tests to area/s to assess condition </li></ul>
  13. 13. Clinical Evaluation and Diagnosis <ul><li>Formulate clinical impression of condition by interpreting signs/symptoms to determine appropriate course of action </li></ul><ul><li>Educate appropriate individuals about assessment to encourage compliance with care </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate with other members of sports medicine team regarding assessment to facilitate appropriate care </li></ul>
  14. 14. Immediate Care <ul><li>Initiate/execute techniques and procedures to address life-threatening and other emergency conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Initiate care of medical or musculoskeletal conditions to stabilize and/or prevent worsening of conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate referral for psychosocial crises by implementing established intervention strategies to address needs </li></ul><ul><li>Education of appropriate individuals regarding emergency care to facilitate immediate care </li></ul>
  15. 15. Treatment, Rehabilitation and Reconditioning <ul><li>Administer therapeutic exercises and modalities to facilitate recovery/function </li></ul><ul><li>Administer treatment for general illnesses and conditions to facilitate recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Educate affected individuals regarding use of treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning to facilitate recovery/function </li></ul><ul><li>Provide guidance for individuals during treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning </li></ul>
  16. 16. Organization and Administration <ul><li>Establish plan/s for routine and emergency provision of care for individuals/facilities/events </li></ul><ul><li>Establish policies/procedures for individuals and facilities to promote safety, and legal compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Manage resources via annual budget and time/personnel management to provide appropriate health care services </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain records to document services rendered and provide continuity of care </li></ul>
  17. 17. Professional Responsibility <ul><li>Compliance with standards of practice and care to apply quality athletic training services </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain competence via continuing education </li></ul><ul><li>Education of public about athletic training </li></ul><ul><li>Adherence to legal elements related to practice of athletic training services </li></ul>
  18. 18. Professional Organizations <ul><li>National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headquartered in Dallas, Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of 10 districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>District 8 – Far West Athletic Trainers’ Association (California, Nevada, Hawaii) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Board of Certification (BOC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Website – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent organization responsible for national certification of athletic trainers and continuing education </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. NATA Member Statistics (7/05) <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21,616 certified members + 3878 certified student members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4805 student members (grad/undrgrad) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>District 8 (FWATA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1817 certified members + 364 certified student members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>342 student members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 th largest district in nation </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. NATA Member Benefits <ul><li>Monthly NATA News </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Athletic Training quarterly </li></ul><ul><li>Salary survey info </li></ul><ul><li>Free access to on-line career center </li></ul><ul><li>Access to brochures about profession </li></ul><ul><li>Recording of CEU activity by BOC </li></ul><ul><li>Discounted regist for national/district mtgs </li></ul><ul><li>Discounted member benefit services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance, credit card, legal services, financial planning, travel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governmental affairs efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Public relations efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships/grants through REF </li></ul>
  21. 21. Career Opportunities <ul><li>Traditional Settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colleges, universities, community colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High schools (often teacher/athletic trainer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-traditional Settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports medicine clinics, outreach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Fringe” sports – auto racing/rodeo/X-games </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial and corporate settings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Job Setting Statistics (7/05) <ul><li>16% work in Clinic setting </li></ul><ul><li>16% work in College/University setting </li></ul><ul><li>15% work in High School setting </li></ul><ul><li>19% are college students </li></ul><ul><li>0.59% (191) work in professional football </li></ul><ul><li>0.31% (99) work in professional basketball </li></ul><ul><li>1.04% (336) work in professional baseball </li></ul>
  23. 23. Job Market Projections <ul><li>In 2005, 2675 gross increase in new jobs = 12% net gain in jobs </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010, 7090 gross increase in new jobs = 31% net gain in jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Based upon market penetration theory projections – as athletic training expands into more settings, market potential goes up </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers likely a little optimistic in short term due to relatively low current market penetration </li></ul>
  24. 24. SJSU Accredited Undergraduate Athletic Training Education Program <ul><li>KIN 188/189 is foundation course </li></ul><ul><li>Application process </li></ul><ul><li>Observation hours </li></ul><ul><li>Program admission </li></ul><ul><li>Course sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>Internship experiences </li></ul>