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When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
When in Daniel Write Daniel?
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When in Daniel Write Daniel?

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  • 1.  Liberals typically declare that the Book of Daniel had to be written during the reign of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC). When did Daniel Write?
  • 2.  Liberals typically declare that the Book of Daniel had to be written during the reign of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC).  The reasoning is that the book so accurately portrays the events surrounding the reign of Antiochus, it had to be written after the events took place. When did Daniel Write?
  • 3.  Samuel Rolles Driver, a well-known liberal scholar, wrote a commentary on Daniel in 1901. When did Daniel Write?
  • 4.  Samuel Rolles Driver, a well-known liberal scholar, wrote a commentary on Daniel in 1901. ◦ “The minuteness of the predictions, embracing even special events in the distant future, is . . . out of harmony with the analogy of prophecy.” When did Daniel Write?
  • 5.  Samuel Rolles Driver, a well-known liberal scholar, wrote a commentary on Daniel in 1901. ◦ “The minuteness of the predictions, embracing even special events in the distant future, is . . . out of harmony with the analogy of prophecy.” ◦ While Driver did not deny predictive prophecy as a rule, he did declare that the predictions in Daniel were too precise to be written before they took place. When did Daniel Write?
  • 6.  The issue with many interpreters is simply an anti- supernatural bias. When did Daniel Write?
  • 7.  The issue with many interpreters is simply an anti- supernatural bias. ◦ They believe that any God who might be out there could never have the power to know the future. When did Daniel Write?
  • 8.  The issue with many interpreters is simply an anti- supernatural bias. ◦ They believe that any God who might be out there could never have the power to know the future. ◦ Therefore, they come to the book already believing that it could not have been written prior to the events it predicts. When did Daniel Write?
  • 9.  The issue with many interpreters is simply an anti- supernatural bias. ◦ They believe that any God who might be out there could never have the power to know the future. ◦ Therefore, they come to the book already believing that it could not have been written prior to the events it predicts. ◦ Then, they find “evidence” that the book was written during Antiochus’ reign. When did Daniel Write?
  • 10. Initial Bias: Daniel written ca 165 BC Read Book: Find “evidence” When did Daniel Write?
  • 11. When did Daniel Write?
  • 12.  If the book was written during the reign of Antiochus, contrary to the claims of Scripture, then how can we trust any part of Scripture? When did Daniel Write?
  • 13.  If the Book of Daniel was written during the reign of Antiochus, then Jesus Christ was simply a fraud. When did Daniel Write?
  • 14.  If the Book of Daniel was written during the reign of Antiochus, then Jesus Christ was simply a fraud. ◦ “When you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains” (Mt 24:15-16, ESV). When did Daniel Write?
  • 15.  If the Book of Daniel was written during the reign of Antiochus, then Jesus Christ was simply a fraud. ◦ Mt 24:15-16. ◦ Shouldn’t we expect that the Son of God would know if the historical Daniel wrote the book that bears his name? When did Daniel Write?
  • 16.  If the Book of Daniel was written during the reign of Antiochus, then Jesus Christ was simply a fraud. ◦ Mt 24:15-16. ◦ Shouldn’t we expect that the Son of God would know if the historical Daniel wrote the book that bears his name?  Yes, this is strong language, but either Jesus Christ or the liberal theology is right. When did Daniel Write?
  • 17.  In an earlier era, this material was only espoused in liberal seminaries. When did Daniel Write?
  • 18.  In an earlier era, this material was only espoused in liberal seminaries. ◦ However, Newsweek, Time, the Discovery Channel, etc., have popularized this view. When did Daniel Write?
  • 19.  In an earlier era, this material was only espoused in liberal seminaries. ◦ However, Newsweek, Time, the Discovery Channel, etc., have popularized this view. ◦ Thus, it’s essential that we take some time to establish the validity of the Scriptures. When did Daniel Write?
  • 20. When did Daniel Write?
  • 21.  The testimony in the book is that it was written by Daniel. When did Daniel Write?
  • 22.  The testimony in the book is that it was written by Daniel. ◦ 7:2; 8:1; 9:2; 12:4, 9. When did Daniel Write?
  • 23.  The testimony in the book is that it was written by Daniel. ◦ 7:2; 8:1; 9:2; 12:4, 9. ◦ It is amazing that quot;scholarsquot; living so long after the writing of Daniel would know more about who wrote it than the author himself! When did Daniel Write?
  • 24.  Daniel is mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel, another book coming from the Babylonian Exile. When did Daniel Write?
  • 25.  Daniel is mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel, another book coming from the Babylonian Exile. ◦ 14:14, 20. When did Daniel Write?
  • 26.  Daniel is mentioned in the Book of Ezekiel, another book coming from the Babylonian Exile. ◦ 14:14, 20. ◦ The picture of Daniel in the Book of Ezekiel matches the picture painted of Daniel in the Book of Daniel (Ezek 28:3). When did Daniel Write?
  • 27.  The ancient Jews believed that no books were added to the Old Testament after the reign of Artaxerxes (464- 424 BC). When did Daniel Write?
  • 28.  About this, Josephus writes: quot;This interval of time [the writing of the Old Testament] was little short of three thousand years; but as to the time from the death of Moses till the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, who reigned after Xerxes, the prophets, who were after Moses, wrote down what was done in their times in thirteen books [the Minor Prophets were considered one book: “The Book of the Twelve”]. The remaining four books contain hymns to God, and precepts for the conduct of human life. It is true, our history hath been written since Artaxerxes very particularly, but hath not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers, because there hath not been an exact succession of prophets since that time; and how firmly we have given credit to these books of our own nation is evident by what we do; for during so many ages as have already passed, no one has been so bold as either to add any thing to them, to take any thing from them, or to make any change in them; but it is become natural to all Jews immediately, and from their very birth, to esteem these books to contain Divine doctrines, and to persist in them, and, if occasion be willingly to die for themquot; (Against Apion, I.8). When did Daniel Write?
  • 29.  While the Jews accepted no books as authentic after the reign of Artaxerxes, they always accepted the Book of Daniel as canonical. When did Daniel Write?
  • 30.  While the Jews accepted no books as authentic after the reign of Artaxerxes, they always accepted the Book of Daniel as canonical. ◦ Other books were written during the Intertestamental Period (e.g., 1 & 2 Maccabees). When did Daniel Write?
  • 31.  While the Jews accepted no books as authentic after the reign of Artaxerxes, they always accepted the Book of Daniel as canonical. ◦ Other books were written during the Intertestamental Period (e.g., 1 & 2 Maccabees). Josephus says that such books quot;hath not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers.quot; When did Daniel Write?
  • 32.  While the Jews accepted no books as authentic after the reign of Artaxerxes, they always accepted the Book of Daniel as canonical. ◦ Other books were written during the Intertestamental Period (e.g., 1 & 2 Maccabees). Josephus says that such books quot;hath not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers.“ ◦ If Daniel were written after the reign of Artaxerxes (as the liberals claim), why did the Jews accept it as canonical? When did Daniel Write?
  • 33.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). When did Daniel Write?
  • 34.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). ◦ “Hananiah, Azariah and Mishael, for their faith, were saved from the fire. Daniel, for his innocence, was delivered from the jaws of lions” (1 Macc 2:59-60). When did Daniel Write?
  • 35.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). ◦ 1 Maccabees was probably written about 100 BC. When did Daniel Write?
  • 36.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). ◦ 1 Maccabees was probably written about 100 BC. ◦ In an era prior to the printing press & the Internet, it took considerable time for books to circulate. When did Daniel Write?
  • 37.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). ◦ 1 Maccabees was probably written about 100 BC. ◦ In an era prior to the printing press & the Internet, it took considerable time for books to circulate.  Remember, they had to be copied by hand. When did Daniel Write?
  • 38.  The casting of Daniel's three companions & Daniel's casting into the den of lions is recorded in 1 Maccabees (1 Macc 2:59-60). ◦ 1 Maccabees was probably written about 100 BC. ◦ In an era prior to the printing press & the Internet, it took considerable time for books to circulate.  Remember, they had to be copied by hand.  It is highly unlikely that a book could gain widespread readership in just 60 years. When did Daniel Write?
  • 39.  As previously mentioned, Jesus Christ believed the book was written by the historical Daniel. When did Daniel Write?
  • 40.  Josephus, writing about AD 94, accepted the book as historical. When did Daniel Write?
  • 41.  Josephus, writing about AD 94, accepted the book as historical. ◦ As mentioned last week, Josephus says that the Book of Daniel was shown to Alexander the Great on his visit to Jerusalem. When did Daniel Write?
  • 42.  Josephus, writing about AD 94, accepted the book as historical. ◦ As mentioned last week, Josephus says that the Book of Daniel was shown to Alexander the Great on his visit to Jerusalem. While most modern historians deny that Alexander ever set foot in Jerusalem, his use of that legend shows he accepted the Book as written before the reign of Antiochus. When did Daniel Write?
  • 43.  Josephus, writing about AD 94, accepted the book as historical. ◦ Josephus recounts the horrible events surrounding the reign of Antiochus IV. When did Daniel Write?
  • 44.  Josephus, writing about AD 94, accepted the book as historical. ◦ Josephus recounts the horrible events surrounding the reign of Antiochus IV.  quot;It so came to pass, that our nation suffered these things under Antiochus Epiphanes, according to Daniel's vision, and what he wrote many years before they came to pass. In the very same manner Daniel also wrote concerning the Roman government, and that our country should be made desolate by them. All these things did this man leave in writing, as God had showed them to him, insomuch that such as read his prophecies, and see how they have been fulfilled, would wonder at the honor wherewith God honored Danielquot; (Antiquities of the Jews, X.11.7). When did Daniel Write?
  • 45.  Daniel also shows a precise knowledge of ancient culture. When did Daniel Write?
  • 46.  Daniel also shows a precise knowledge of ancient culture. ◦ If one were to forge a letter from a historical figure (e.g., George Washington), he would need to write in the style of that figure. When did Daniel Write?
  • 47.  Daniel also shows a precise knowledge of ancient culture. ◦ If one were to forge a letter from a historical figure (e.g., George Washington), he would need to write in the style of that figure.  He would need a good grasp of geography, culture, language, political environment, economy, etc. When did Daniel Write?
  • 48.  Daniel also shows a precise knowledge of ancient culture. ◦ If one were to forge a letter from a historical figure (e.g., George Washington), he would need to write in the style of that figure.  He would need a good grasp of geography, culture, language, political environment, economy, etc.  Today, it wouldn’t be terribly difficult to do so with a good library & diligent research. When did Daniel Write?
  • 49.  Daniel also shows a precise knowledge of ancient culture. ◦ If one were to forge a letter from a historical figure (e.g., George Washington), he would need to write in the style of that figure.  He would need a good grasp of geography, culture, language, political environment, economy, etc.  Today, it wouldn’t be terribly difficult to do so with a good library & diligent research.  However, such knowledge of 6th century Persia would have been in short supply in 2nd century Palestine. When did Daniel Write?
  • 50.  Daniel shows an immense knowledge of 6th century Palestine. When did Daniel Write?
  • 51.  Daniel shows an immense knowledge of 6th century Palestine. ◦ Daniel is quite precise in the way he describes the magi (2:4, 27). Archaeological discoveries have confirmed the accuracy of Daniel's description. When did Daniel Write?
  • 52.  Daniel shows an immense knowledge of 6th century Palestine. ◦ Daniel is quite precise in the way he describes the magi (2:4, 27). Archaeological discoveries have confirmed the accuracy of Daniel's description. ◦ Daniel describes the practice of Belshazzar's wives & concubines eating with men on festive occasions (5:1-4). This was the practice in ancient Persia, but it was not the practice in ancient Palestine. When did Daniel Write?
  • 53.  Daniel shows an immense knowledge of 6th century Palestine. ◦ Daniel is quite precise in the way he describes the magi (2:4, 27). Archaeological discoveries have confirmed the accuracy of Daniel's description. ◦ Daniel describes the practice of Belshazzar's wives & concubines eating with men on festive occasions (5:1-4). This was the practice in ancient Persia, but it was not the practice in ancient Palestine. ◦ Daniel refers to the law of the Medes & Persians (5:28; 6:8, 12, 15); in later history, because of the rise of the Persian Empire, the Persians were mentioned first (cf Est 1:19). When did Daniel Write?
  • 54.  Daniel shows an immense knowledge of 6th century Palestine. ◦ Daniel is quite precise in the way he describes the magi (2:4, 27). Archaeological discoveries have confirmed the accuracy of Daniel's description. ◦ Daniel describes the practice of Belshazzar's wives & concubines eating with men on festive occasions (5:1-4). This was the practice in ancient Persia, but it was not the practice in ancient Palestine. ◦ Daniel refers to the law of the Medes & Persians (5:28; 6:8, 12, 15); in later history, because of the rise of the Persian Empire, the Persians were mentioned first (cf Est 1:19). ◦ Daniel places the city of Shushan in the province of Elam (8:2); later, however, the city was located in the province of Susiana. When did Daniel Write?
  • 55.  Scrolls of Daniel have been found at Qumran (the community that gave us the Dead Sea Scrolls). When did Daniel Write?
  • 56.  Scrolls of Daniel have been found at Qumran (the community that gave us the Dead Sea Scrolls).  Evidence from these scrolls show that the original was composed several hundred years before the second century BC. The evidence that has been uncovered at Qumran is complex & linguistic, but it does demonstrate that Daniel was written well before the reign of Antiochus. When did Daniel Write?
  • 57.  By the time of the Greek writer Herodotus, the name quot;Belshazzarquot; (5:1) had disappeared until it was rediscovered in the late 1800's. When did Daniel Write?
  • 58.  By the time of the Greek writer Herodotus, the name quot;Belshazzarquot; (5:1) had disappeared until it was rediscovered in the late 1800's.  How could a writer in the second century BC get a name right when the name had disappeared from historical records? When did Daniel Write?

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