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Water To Wine

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  • 1.  
  • 2. In this text, Jesus turns water to wine!
  • 3.
    • “ On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee,
    • and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to
    • the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the
    • mother of Jesus said to him, ‘They have no wine.’ And
    • Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does this have to do with
    • me? My hour has not yet come.’ His mother said to the
    • servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you.’
  • 4.
    • “ Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites
    • of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said
    • to the servants, ‘Fill the jars with water.’ And they filled them
    • up to the brim. And he said to them, ‘Now draw some out and
    • take it to the master of the feast.’ So they took it. When the
    • master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did
    • not know where it came from (though the servants who had
    • drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the
    • bridegroom and said to him, ‘Everyone serves the good wine
    • first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine.
  • 5.
    • “‘ But you have kept the good wine until now.’ This, the
    • first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and
    • manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him” (Jn
    • 2:1-11, ESV).
  • 6. How could the perfect Son of God make wine?
  • 7.
    • The people of Jesus’ day had four ways to keep wine from fermenting.
  • 8.
    • The people of Jesus’ day had four ways to keep wine from fermenting.
    • Since the term “wine” in Gr references both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, it’s certainly possible that Jesus made this kind of wine.
  • 9.
    • Grape juice left to itself is going to ferment.
  • 10.
    • Grape juice left to itself is going to ferment.
      • Plutarch said, “We call a mixture ‘wine’ although the larger of the component parts is water.”
  • 11.
    • Grape juice left to itself is going to ferment.
      • Plutarch said, “We call a mixture ‘wine’ although the larger of the component parts is water.”
      • “ It is harmful to drink wine alone, or again, to drink water alone, while wine mixed with water is sweet and delicious, and enhances one’s enjoyment.”
  • 12.
    • Grape juice left to itself is going to ferment.
      • Plutarch said, “We call a mixture ‘wine’ although the larger of the component parts is water.”
      • “ It is harmful to drink wine alone, or again, to drink water alone, while wine mixed with water is sweet and delicious, and enhances one’s enjoyment.”
      • The water and wine were mixed at ratios between 3-to-1 to even 20-to-1.
  • 13.
    • Grape juice left to itself is going to ferment.
      • Plutarch said, “We call a mixture ‘wine’ although the larger of the component parts is water.”
      • “ It is harmful to drink wine alone, or again, to drink water alone, while wine mixed with water is sweet and delicious, and enhances one’s enjoyment.”
      • The water and wine were mixed at ratios between 3-to-1 to even 20-to-1.
      • Robert H. Stein, “It is possible to become intoxicated from wine mixed with three parts of water, but one’s drinking would probably affect the bladder long before it affected the mind.”
  • 14.
    • “ Those who tarry long over wine” (Prov 23:30, ESV).
  • 15.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
  • 16.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
      • The alcohol content was very, very minimal.
  • 17.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
      • The alcohol content was very, very minimal. It was NOTHING like what we call wine.
  • 18.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
      • The alcohol content was very, very minimal. It was NOTHING like what we call wine.
      • Greeks added herbal toxins to wine in order to become drunk.
  • 19.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
      • The alcohol content was very, very minimal. It was NOTHING like what we call wine.
      • Greeks added herbal toxins to wine in order to become drunk. Devout Jews abhorred this practice.
  • 20.
    • The Jews added nothing to wine to increase its effect.
      • The alcohol content was very, very minimal. It was NOTHING like what we call wine.
      • Greeks added herbal toxins to wine in order to become drunk. Devout Jews abhorred this practice.
    • The wine Jesus made—whether or not it contained some alcohol—could not have led to drunkenness.
  • 21.
    • The significance is the effect this sign had on the disciples.
  • 22.
    • The significance is the effect this sign had on the disciples.
      • “ This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him” (v 11, ESV).
  • 23.
    • The significance is the effect this sign had on the disciples.
      • “ This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him” (v 11, ESV).
      • “ Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name” (Jn 20:30-31, ESV).
  • 24. Jesus believes in weddings!
    • Vv 1-2
  • 25.
    • “ On the third day there was a wedding in Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples” (vv 1-2, ESV).
  • 26.
    • Two possible sites of Cana.
  • 27.
    • Two possible sites of Cana.
      • One site is three miles from Nazareth & the other is eight.
  • 28.
    • Two possible sites of Cana.
      • One site is three miles from Nazareth & the other is eight.
      • With either location, it’s likely that Jesus & his family knew the bride & groom’s family.
  • 29.
    • In the ancient world, you did not elope!
  • 30.
    • In the ancient world, you did not elope!
      • You wanted as big a wedding as possible.
  • 31.
    • In the ancient world, you did not elope!
      • You wanted as big a wedding as possible.
      • You especially wanted to invite Jewish teachers such as Jesus.
  • 32.
    • In the ancient world, you did not elope!
      • You wanted as big a wedding as possible.
      • You especially wanted to invite Jewish teachers such as Jesus.
    • The fact that Jesus attends this wedding demonstrates his approval of weddings.
  • 33.
    • Jesus also approves of weddings, for he turns the water into wine.
  • 34.
    • Jesus also approves of weddings, for he turns the water into wine.
      • Weddings lasted for seven days, and the host was expected to have enough wine for all his guests for that length of time.
  • 35.
    • Jesus also approves of weddings, for he turns the water into wine.
      • Weddings lasted for seven days, and the host was expected to have enough wine for all his guests for that length of time.
      • Running out of wine at your wedding was a MAJOR faux pas.
  • 36.
    • Jesus also approves of weddings, for he turns the water into wine.
      • Weddings lasted for seven days, and the host was expected to have enough wine for all his guests for that length of time.
      • Running out of wine at your wedding was a MAJOR faux pas.
        • This couple & their parents would have been subject to jests for years to come.
  • 37.
    • Jesus also approves of weddings, for he turns the water into wine.
      • Weddings lasted for seven days, and the host was expected to have enough wine for all his guests for that length of time.
      • Running out of wine at your wedding was a MAJOR faux pas.
        • This couple & their parents would have been subject to jests for years to come.
        • Jesus spares them that embarrassment by turning the water to wine.
  • 38.
    • God thinks highly of marriage!
  • 39.
    • God thinks highly of marriage!
      • It was God himself who performed the first wedding ceremony.
  • 40.
    • God thinks highly of marriage!
      • It was God himself who performed the first wedding ceremony.
      • Jesus spoke highly of marriage.
  • 41.
    • God thinks highly of marriage!
      • It was God himself who performed the first wedding ceremony.
      • Jesus spoke highly of marriage:
        • “‘ A man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’[.] So they are no longer two but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate” (Mt 19:5-6, ESV).
  • 42.
    • God thinks highly of marriage!
      • It was God himself who performed the first wedding ceremony.
      • Jesus spoke highly of marriage:
        • “‘ A man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’[.] So they are no longer two but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate” (Mt 19:5-6, ESV).
        • “ I say to you: whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery” (Mt 19:9, ESV).
  • 43. What is our view of marriage?
  • 44. Jesus cared deeply for his mother.
    • Vv 3-5
  • 45.
    • “ When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, ‘They have no wine.’ And Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.’ His mother said to the servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you’” (vv 3-5, ESV).
  • 46.
    • Mary informs Jesus that the wine was gone.
  • 47.
    • Mary informs Jesus that the wine was gone.
      • At ancient weddings, the women’s quarters were near where the wine was kept.
  • 48.
    • Mary informs Jesus that the wine was gone.
      • At ancient weddings, the women’s quarters were near where the wine was kept.
      • Mary’s words likely express an expectation that Jesus will do something about the situation.
  • 49.
    • Mary informs Jesus that the wine was gone.
      • At ancient weddings, the women’s quarters were near where the wine was kept.
      • Mary’s words likely express an expectation that Jesus will do something about the situation.
        • Weddings in the ancient world were quite expensive & guests were expected to help defray the cost.
  • 50.
    • Mary informs Jesus that the wine was gone.
      • At ancient weddings, the women’s quarters were near where the wine was kept.
      • Mary’s words likely express an expectation that Jesus will do something about the situation.
        • Weddings in the ancient world were quite expensive & guests were expected to help defray the cost.
        • Some have suggested that Mary may not be asking Jesus to do anything miraculous but simply to go buy wine.
  • 51.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
  • 52.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
  • 53.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
  • 54.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
  • 55.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
  • 56.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
        • Lit: “What to me and to you?”
  • 57.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
        • Lit: “What to me and to you?”
        • The idea is: “It’s not my problem.”
  • 58.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
        • Lit: “What to me and to you?”
        • The idea is: “It’s not my problem.”
      • Jesus isn’t concerned about the lack of wine, for his “hour has not yet come.”
  • 59.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
        • Lit: “What to me and to you?”
        • The idea is: “It’s not my problem.”
      • Jesus isn’t concerned about the lack of wine, for his “hour has not yet come.”
        • “ Hour” in Jn’s Gospel refers to the cross.
  • 60.
    • Jesus says to Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come” (v 4, ESV).
      • “ Woman” sounds harsh in our vernacular.
        • “ Woman do this” or “ Woman do that.”
        • Yet, in Jesus’ day, “woman” was something like “ma’am.”
      • “ What does this have to do with me?”
        • Lit: “What to me and to you?”
        • The idea is: “It’s not my problem.”
      • Jesus isn’t concerned about the lack of wine, for his “hour has not yet come.”
        • “ Hour” in Jn’s Gospel refers to the cross.
        • “ Mom, when I start doing miracles, I’m on my way to the cross.”
  • 61.
    • Mary tells the servants, “Do whatever he tells you” (v 5, ESV).
  • 62.
    • Mary tells the servants, “Do whatever he tells you” (v 5, ESV).
    • Mary knows her Son, knows that he loves her, and knows that he is going to honor her.
  • 63.
    • Jesus didn’t really want to do this miracle.
  • 64.
    • Jesus didn’t really want to do this miracle: (a) His signs need to be more important than helping a bride & groom avoid embarrassment.
  • 65.
    • Jesus didn’t really want to do this miracle: (a) His signs need to be more important than helping a bride & groom avoid embarrassment; (b) It’s not yet time to begin moving toward Golgotha.
  • 66.
    • Jesus didn’t really want to do this miracle: (a) His signs need to be more important than helping a bride & groom avoid embarrassment; (b) It’s not yet time to begin moving toward Golgotha.
    • But, Jesus performs this sign because he respects his mother.
  • 67. Respect for mothers is so important.
  • 68.
    • “ Cursed be anyone who dishonors his father or his mother” (Deut 27:16, ESV).
  • 69.
    • “ Cursed be anyone who dishonors his father or his mother” (Deut 27:16, ESV).
    • “ The eye that mocks a father and scorns to obey a mother will be picked out by the ravens of the valley and eaten by the vultures” (Prov 30:17, ESV).
  • 70. Do we honor our mothers?
  • 71. Prayer is Powerful
  • 72.
    • In the most literal sense, there isn’t a prayer in our passage.
  • 73.
    • In the most literal sense, there isn’t a prayer in our passage. However, Mary asks Jesus to do something & he does it.
  • 74. Jesus changes his mind here!
  • 75.
    • It’s odd to think that Jesus changed his mind.
  • 76.
    • It’s odd to think that Jesus changed his mind. Yet, it’s clear that Jesus doesn’t want to do this.
  • 77.
    • It’s odd to think that Jesus changed his mind. Yet, it’s clear that Jesus doesn’t want to do this.
      • He says to Mary, “What does this have to do with me?”
  • 78.
    • It’s odd to think that Jesus changed his mind. Yet, it’s clear that Jesus doesn’t want to do this.
      • He says to Mary, “What does this have to do with me?”
      • He also says to her, “My hour has not yet come.”
  • 79. God has a long history of answering prayer!
  • 80.
    • Abraham & Sodom.
  • 81.
    • Abraham & Sodom.
    • “ The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working. Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed fervently that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain on the earth. Then he prayed again, and heaven gave rain, and the earth bore its fruit” (Js 5:16-18, ESV).
  • 82.
    • King Hezekiah was ill & at the point of death.
  • 83.
    • King Hezekiah was ill & at the point of death.
      • “ Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover” (2 Ki 20:1, ESV).
  • 84.
    • King Hezekiah was ill & at the point of death.
      • “ Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover” (2 Ki 20:1, ESV).
      • Hezekiah turns his face to the wall, prays, and weeps.
  • 85.
    • King Hezekiah was ill & at the point of death.
      • “ Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover” (2 Ki 20:1, ESV).
      • Hezekiah turns his face to the wall, prays, and weeps.
      • “ Before Isaiah had gone out of the middle court, the word of the LORD came to him: ‘Turn back, and say to Hezekiah the leader of my people, Thus says the LORD, the God of David your father: I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears. Behold, I will heal you. On the third day you shall go up to the house of the LORD, and I will add fifteen years to your life’” (2 Ki 20:4-6, ESV).
  • 86. I almost feel sorry for Isaiah!
  • 87.
    • God gave Isaiah a difficult assignment—go tell the King he’s going to die!
  • 88.
    • God gave Isaiah a difficult assignment—go tell the King he’s going to die!
    • Isaiah did what the Lord told him, he’s on his way back home, & the Lord says, “Wait! I’ve changed my mind—go back and tell the King that he’ll live.”
  • 89.
    • “ The angel fetched Peter out of prison, but it was prayer that fetched the angel.”
  • 90. Do we believe in the power of prayer?
  • 91. Miracles Produce Faith
  • 92.
    • “ This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him” (v 11, ESV).
  • 93.
    • “ This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him” (v 11, ESV).
    • It’s often the case that we use circular reasoning when we talk about miracles.
  • 94.  
  • 95. How do we get around that circular reasoning?
  • 96.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate.
  • 97.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate. People could have said, “Wait a minute! That’s not the way things happened!”
  • 98.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate. People could have said, “Wait a minute! That’s not the way things happened!”
    • Jesus did his miracles in public.
  • 99.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate. People could have said, “Wait a minute! That’s not the way things happened!”
    • Jesus did his miracles in public. He didn’t use any kind of sleight of hand.
  • 100.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate. People could have said, “Wait a minute! That’s not the way things happened!”
    • Jesus did his miracles in public. He didn’t use any kind of sleight of hand.
    • Jesus’ miracles were often performed on people who had been diseased since birth.
  • 101.
    • The Gospels were written shortly after the events they narrate. People could have said, “Wait a minute! That’s not the way things happened!”
    • Jesus did his miracles in public. He didn’t use any kind of sleight of hand.
    • Jesus’ miracles were often performed on people who had been diseased since birth. How different from modern “faith-healers”!
  • 102. Do you believe?

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