We don't know exactly what trial David was

    suffering.
We don't know exactly what trial David was

    suffering.
    ◦ Many believe it may have been when David fled from
     ...
We don't know exactly what trial David was

    suffering.
    ◦ Many believe it may have been when David fled from
     ...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present
      order.
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present
      order.
  ...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present
      order.
  ...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much

    about following G...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much

    about following G...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much

    about following G...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much

    about following G...
The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.

    Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much

    about following G...
v1
quot;Answer me when I call, O God of my

    righteousness! You have given me relief when I
    was in distress. Be graci...
God is David's righteousness.

God is David's righteousness.

    In other words, God is faithful.

God is David's righteousness.

    In other words, God is faithful—because God is

    faithful, he will keep his promis...
When David went to fight Goliath, he told Saul,

    quot;The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the
    lion and from...
Being delivered from a bear &
  lion is one thing, but being
     delivered from a giant is
      something else entirely!
David has already been anointed king.

David has already been anointed king.

    ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of
      the LORD ...
David has already been anointed king.

    ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of
      the LORD ...
David has already been anointed king.

    ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of
      the LORD ...
The Lord had given David relief when he was in

    distress.
The Lord had given David relief when he was in

    distress.
    ◦ Over & over & over, God had blessed David when he was...
The Lord had given David relief when he was in

    distress.
    ◦ Over & over & over, God had blessed David when he was...
David presents God as a PERSISTENT GUARDIAN-

    One who has promised deliverance & has
    provided it in the past.
David presents God as a PERSISTENT GUARDIAN-

    One who has promised deliverance & has
    provided it in the past.
   ...
The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple

    problems-persecution, losing their possessions,
    backsliding.
The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple

    problems-persecution, losing their possessions,
    backsliding. quot;He ...
The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple

    problems-persecution, losing their possessions,
    backsliding. quot;He ...
v3
Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the

    leading men of Israel.
Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the

    leading men of Israel.
    ◦ The Hebrew quot;sons of menquot; (v 2) ...
Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the

    leading men of Israel.
    ◦ The Hebrew quot;sons of menquot; (v 2) ...
To these leading men, David says, quot;But know that

    the LORD has set apart the godly for himself; the
    LORD hear...
What does David mean by saying that the LORD

    has set apart the godly for himself?
What does David mean by saying that the LORD

    has set apart the godly for himself?
    ◦ David could simply mean that...
What does David mean by saying that the LORD

    has set apart the godly for himself?
    ◦ David could simply mean that...
What does David mean by saying that the LORD

    has set apart the godly for himself?
    ◦ David could simply mean that...
Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming

    from the time of Absalom.
Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming

    from the time of Absalom.
    ◦ quot;Absalom stole the hearts of t...
Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming

    from the time of Absalom.
    ◦ quot;Absalom stole the hearts of t...
David, because the LORD anointed him as king,

    had been sanctified-set apart-for God.
David, because the LORD anointed him as king,

    had been sanctified-set apart-for God.
    ◦ When David had the opport...
David, because the LORD anointed him as king,

    had been sanctified-set apart-for God.
    ◦ When David had the opport...
The LORD heard David when he prayed.

The LORD heard David when he prayed.

    ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was
      that he was the...
The LORD heard David when he prayed.

    ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was
      that he was the...
The LORD heard David when he prayed.

    ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was
      that he was the...
The LORD heard David when he prayed.

    ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was
      that he was the...
The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears

    the prayers of his people.
The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears

    the prayers of his people.
    ◦ quot;This is the confidence that we have...
The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears

    the prayers of his people.
    ◦ quot;This is the confidence that we have...
vv 7-8
quot;You have put more joy in my heart than they

    have when their grain and wine abound,quot; (v 7,
    ESV).
quot;You have put more joy in my heart than they

    have when their grain and wine abound,quot; (v 7,
    ESV).
    Dav...
We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot;

We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot;

    ◦ quot;Happinessquot; = External circumstances.
We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot;

    ◦ quot;Happinessquot; = External circumstances.
    ◦ quot...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;S...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;S...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;S...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Jn 16:22.
    ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Jn 16:22.
    ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I...
Many of those facing great trials have had great

    joy.
    ◦ Jn 16:22.
    ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I...
First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.

First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.

    Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the

    Romans.
First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.

    Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the

    Romans.
    ◦...
First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.

    Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the

    Romans.
    ◦...
quot;In peace I will both lie down and sleep; for you

    alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety,quot; (v 8,
    ESV).
David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace.

David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace.

    ◦ If David wrote this during Absalom's rebellion, he doesn't
    ...
David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace.

    ◦ If David wrote this during Absalom's rebellion, he doesn't
    ...
David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD

    made him dwell in safety.
David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD

    made him dwell in safety.
    ◦ I'm convinced that we need to draw...
David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD

    made him dwell in safety.
    ◦ I'm convinced that we need to draw...
That is an assurance which should provide us

    peace, too.
That is an assurance which should provide us

    peace, too.
    ◦ quot;Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty re...
That is an assurance which should provide us

    peace, too.
    ◦ quot;Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty re...
Because he had been faithful to the Lord, Paul was

    confident that the Lord would now be faithful to
    him, even th...
Because he had been faithful to the Lord, Paul was

    confident that the Lord would now be faithful to
    him, even th...
http://www.justinimel.com
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The Guardian

  1. 1. We don't know exactly what trial David was  suffering.
  2. 2. We don't know exactly what trial David was  suffering. ◦ Many believe it may have been when David fled from Absalom.
  3. 3. We don't know exactly what trial David was  suffering. ◦ Many believe it may have been when David fled from Absalom. ◦ Psalm 3 does speak about David's flight from Absalom & there are many similarities between these two Psalms.
  4. 4. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative. 
  5. 5. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present order.
  6. 6. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present order.  David wrote many Psalms, but he didn't write them all.
  7. 7. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  ◦ We have no idea who put the Psalms in their present order.  David wrote many Psalms, but he didn't write them all.  Psalm 137 was written during the Babylonian Captivity, well after David's death.
  8. 8. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much  about following God.
  9. 9. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much  about following God. ◦ Psalm 3 praises God in the morning.
  10. 10. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much  about following God. ◦ Psalm 3 praises God in the morning: quot;I lay down and slept; I woke again, for the LORD sustained me. I will not be afraid of many thousands of people who have set themselves against me all aroundquot; (vv 5-6, ESV).
  11. 11. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much  about following God. ◦ Psalm 3 praises God in the morning: (vv 5-6). ◦ Psalm 4 praises God in the evening.
  12. 12. The placement of Psalm 4 is quite informative.  Putting Psalms 3 & 4 together informs us much  about following God. ◦ Psalm 3 praises God in the morning: (vv 5-6). ◦ Psalm 4 praises God in the evening: quot;In peace I will both lie down and sleep; for you alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safetyquot; (v 8, ESV).
  13. 13. v1
  14. 14. quot;Answer me when I call, O God of my  righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and hear my prayerquot; (v 1, ESV).
  15. 15. God is David's righteousness. 
  16. 16. God is David's righteousness.  In other words, God is faithful. 
  17. 17. God is David's righteousness.  In other words, God is faithful—because God is  faithful, he will keep his promises to help David.
  18. 18. When David went to fight Goliath, he told Saul,  quot;The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistinequot; (1 Sm 17:37, ESV).
  19. 19. Being delivered from a bear & lion is one thing, but being delivered from a giant is something else entirely!
  20. 20. David has already been anointed king. 
  21. 21. David has already been anointed king.  ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forwardquot; (1 Sm 16:13, ESV).
  22. 22. David has already been anointed king.  ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forwardquot; (1 Sm 16:13, ESV). ◦ Is it too much to think that the LORD had promised to bless David richly and, therefore, David knew he had nothing to fear from that uncircumcised Philistine?
  23. 23. David has already been anointed king.  ◦ After Samuel anointed David, we read, quot;And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forwardquot; (1 Sm 16:13, ESV). ◦ Is it too much to think that the LORD had promised to bless David richly and, therefore, David knew he had nothing to fear from that uncircumcised Philistine? quot;I will give you rest from all your enemiesquot; (2 Sm  7:11, ESV).
  24. 24. The Lord had given David relief when he was in  distress.
  25. 25. The Lord had given David relief when he was in  distress. ◦ Over & over & over, God had blessed David when he was faced with enemies.
  26. 26. The Lord had given David relief when he was in  distress. ◦ Over & over & over, God had blessed David when he was faced with enemies. ◦ David, therefore, knew that God would provide that deliverance again.
  27. 27. David presents God as a PERSISTENT GUARDIAN-  One who has promised deliverance & has provided it in the past.
  28. 28. David presents God as a PERSISTENT GUARDIAN-  One who has promised deliverance & has provided it in the past. God has promised that whatever Satan throws our  way, he will be our Guardian.
  29. 29. The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple  problems-persecution, losing their possessions, backsliding.
  30. 30. The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple  problems-persecution, losing their possessions, backsliding. quot;He has said, 'I will never leave you nor forsake you.' So we can confidently say, 'The Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?'quot; (Heb 13:5-6, ESV).
  31. 31. The Hebrew Christians were facing multiple  problems-persecution, losing their possessions, backsliding. quot;He has said, 'I will never leave you nor forsake you.' So we can confidently say, 'The Lord is my helper; I will not fear; what can man do to me?'quot; (Heb 13:5-6, ESV). That the Lord will never leave us demonstrates  that he is our PERSISTENT GUARDIAN.
  32. 32. v3
  33. 33. Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the  leading men of Israel.
  34. 34. Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the  leading men of Israel. ◦ The Hebrew quot;sons of menquot; (v 2) makes this clear.
  35. 35. Throughout this Psalm, David is confronting the  leading men of Israel. ◦ The Hebrew quot;sons of menquot; (v 2) makes this clear. ◦ Holman Christian Standard Bible: quot;How long, exalted men, will my honor be insulted?quot; ◦ quot;You have put more joy in my heart than they have when their grain and wine aboundquot; (v 7, ESV)
  36. 36. To these leading men, David says, quot;But know that  the LORD has set apart the godly for himself; the LORD hears when I call to himquot; (v 3, ESV).
  37. 37. What does David mean by saying that the LORD  has set apart the godly for himself?
  38. 38. What does David mean by saying that the LORD  has set apart the godly for himself? ◦ David could simply mean that whoever is godly has been set apart for God.
  39. 39. What does David mean by saying that the LORD  has set apart the godly for himself? ◦ David could simply mean that whoever is godly has been set apart for God. ◦ I'm more inclined to think that David speaks of himself here as God's anointed king.  quot;O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? How long will you love vain words and seek after lies?quot; (v 2, ESV).
  40. 40. What does David mean by saying that the LORD  has set apart the godly for himself? ◦ David could simply mean that whoever is godly has been set apart for God. ◦ I'm more inclined to think that David speaks of himself here as God's anointed king.  quot;O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? How long will you love vain words and seek after lies?quot; (v 2, ESV).  The leading men of Israel apparently want to depose David as king.
  41. 41. Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming  from the time of Absalom.
  42. 42. Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming  from the time of Absalom. ◦ quot;Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israelquot; (2 Sm 15:6, ESV).
  43. 43. Such would certainly fit with this Psalm's coming  from the time of Absalom. ◦ quot;Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israelquot; (2 Sm 15:6, ESV). ◦ After Absalom had the men of Israel behind him, he conspired to take the throne of his father.
  44. 44. David, because the LORD anointed him as king,  had been sanctified-set apart-for God.
  45. 45. David, because the LORD anointed him as king,  had been sanctified-set apart-for God. ◦ When David had the opportunity to kill Saul, he told his men, quot;The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my lord, the LORD's anointed, to put out my hand against him, seeing he is the LORD's anointedquot; (1 Sm 24:6, ESV).
  46. 46. David, because the LORD anointed him as king,  had been sanctified-set apart-for God. ◦ When David had the opportunity to kill Saul, he told his men, quot;The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my lord, the LORD's anointed, to put out my hand against him, seeing he is the LORD's anointedquot; (1 Sm 24:6, ESV). ◦ Being the LORD's anointed put David in an honored position.
  47. 47. The LORD heard David when he prayed. 
  48. 48. The LORD heard David when he prayed.  ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was that he was the LORD's anointed.
  49. 49. The LORD heard David when he prayed.  ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was that he was the LORD's anointed. ◦ But, David also needed to be righteous for God to hear him.
  50. 50. The LORD heard David when he prayed.  ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was that he was the LORD's anointed. ◦ But, David also needed to be righteous for God to hear him.  quot;Who shall ascend the hill of the LORD? And who shall stand in his holy place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfullyquot; (Ps 24:3-4, ESV).
  51. 51. The LORD heard David when he prayed.  ◦ Surely part of the reason that the Lord heard David was that he was the LORD's anointed. ◦ But, David also needed to be righteous for God to hear him.  quot;Who shall ascend the hill of the LORD? And who shall stand in his holy place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfullyquot; (Ps 24:3-4, ESV).  quot;If I had cherished iniquity in my heart, the Lord would not have listenedquot; (Ps 66:18, ESV).
  52. 52. The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears  the prayers of his people.
  53. 53. The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears  the prayers of his people. ◦ quot;This is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us. And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests that we have asked of himquot; (1 Jn 5:14-15, ESV).
  54. 54. The Lord is A PERCEIVING GUARDIAN—he hears  the prayers of his people. ◦ quot;This is the confidence that we have toward him, that if we ask anything according to his will he hears us. And if we know that he hears us in whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests that we have asked of himquot; (1 Jn 5:14-15, ESV). ◦ The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is workingquot; (Js 5:16, ESV).
  55. 55. vv 7-8
  56. 56. quot;You have put more joy in my heart than they  have when their grain and wine abound,quot; (v 7, ESV).
  57. 57. quot;You have put more joy in my heart than they  have when their grain and wine abound,quot; (v 7, ESV). David was facing some sort of great trial when he  penned these lines. How on earth had he put joy in David's heart?
  58. 58. We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot; 
  59. 59. We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot;  ◦ quot;Happinessquot; = External circumstances.
  60. 60. We too often confuse quot;happinessquot; & quot;joy.quot;  ◦ quot;Happinessquot; = External circumstances. ◦ quot;Joyquot; = State of mind regardless of external circumstances.
  61. 61. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy.
  62. 62. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;So also you have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from youquot; (Jn 16:22, ESV).
  63. 63. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;So also you have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from youquot; (Jn 16:22, ESV).  Earlier in John 16, Jesus has said, quot;The hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to Godquot; (v 2, ESV).
  64. 64. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Before his crucifixion, Jesus told the disciples, quot;So also you have sorrow now, but I will see you again, and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from youquot; (Jn 16:22, ESV).  Earlier in John 16, Jesus has said, quot;The hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to Godquot; (v 2, ESV).  Jesus says, quot;You are going to die because of me, but no one will be able to take your joy away.quot;
  65. 65. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Jn 16:22. ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoicequot; (Phil 4:4).
  66. 66. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Jn 16:22. ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoicequot; (Phil 4:4).  We like those words & use them often.
  67. 67. Many of those facing great trials have had great  joy. ◦ Jn 16:22. ◦ quot;Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoicequot; (Phil 4:4).  We like those words & use them often.  But, we cannot forget that Paul wrote those words from prison!
  68. 68. First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN. 
  69. 69. First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.  Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the  Romans.
  70. 70. First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.  Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the  Romans. ◦ quot;In all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lordquot; (Rom 8:37-39, ESV).
  71. 71. First, we can't forget that God is our GUARDIAN.  Second, we can't forget what Paul writes to the  Romans. ◦ quot;In all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lordquot; (Rom 8:37-39, ESV). ◦ Nothing will prevent God's love from shining through & God will eventually take us to that heavenly home where there will be no more suffering.
  72. 72. quot;In peace I will both lie down and sleep; for you  alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety,quot; (v 8, ESV).
  73. 73. David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace. 
  74. 74. David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace.  ◦ If David wrote this during Absalom's rebellion, he doesn't know if he'll wake up in the morning.
  75. 75. David says that he will lie down & sleep in peace.  ◦ If David wrote this during Absalom's rebellion, he doesn't know if he'll wake up in the morning. ◦ If he wrote this during some other crisis, it's still quite plausible that David doesn't know if he will wake up in the morning or not.
  76. 76. David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD  made him dwell in safety.
  77. 77. David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD  made him dwell in safety. ◦ I'm convinced that we need to draw a line between the physical & the spiritual reality.
  78. 78. David wasn't worried about his life, for the LORD  made him dwell in safety. ◦ I'm convinced that we need to draw a line between the physical & the spiritual reality. ◦ David had the calm assurance that God was on his throne & all, therefore, was well with the world.
  79. 79. That is an assurance which should provide us  peace, too.
  80. 80. That is an assurance which should provide us  peace, too. ◦ quot;Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reignsquot; (Rv 19:6, ESV).
  81. 81. That is an assurance which should provide us  peace, too. ◦ quot;Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reignsquot; (Rv 19:6, ESV). ◦ quot;I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that Day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearingquot; (2 Tm 4:6-8, ESV).
  82. 82. Because he had been faithful to the Lord, Paul was  confident that the Lord would now be faithful to him, even though Nero would very soon order his beheading.
  83. 83. Because he had been faithful to the Lord, Paul was  confident that the Lord would now be faithful to him, even though Nero would very soon order his beheading. Is God, likewise, your GUARDIAN? 
  84. 84. http://www.justinimel.com
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