In the Gospels, Jesus is often referred to as the
bridegroom (Jn 3:28-30; Matt 25:1-13).
In the rest of the New Testament, Jesus is the
groom & the church is the bride (Rom. 7:1-4; 2
Cor 11:2; Eph. 5:22-33; Rev 19:7; Rev 21:2).
In the Old Testament, the Israelite nation is often
pictured as God’s wife.
Is 54:5; Jer 3:14; Hos 2:19.
Because God was married to Israel, paganism among the
Israelites was regarded as adultery (Judg 2:17; Ezek 6:9).
New Testament writers applied Old Testament
images of God to Christ.
The only way writers could do this is if Jesus is divine.
When Jesus forgave a paralytic, the scribes said to themselves,
“Why does this Man speak blasphemies like this? Who can
forgive sins but God alone?” (Mk 2:7).
On another occasion, when Jesus claimed to be divine, the Jews
“took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went
out of the temple” (Jn 8:59).
Saying that Jesus is the
bridegroom of the church is
saying He is divine.
“Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also
loved the church and gave Himself for her” (Eph
Jesus has intense love for His people.
“I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live,
but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the
flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and
gave Himself for me” (Gal 2:20).
“By this we know love, because He laid down His life for us.
And we also ought to lay down our lives for the brethren” (1
Throughout His ministry, Jesus showed His love in
When two men called out to be healed, “Jesus had
compassion and touched their eyes. And immediately their
eyes received sight, and they followed Him” (Matt 20:34).
“Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that
His hour had come that He should depart from this world to
the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He
loved them to the end” (Jn 13:1).
Because Jesus has loved His people, we need to
“By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have
love for one another” (Jn 13:35).
“This is My commandment, that you love one another as I
have loved you” (Jn 15:12).
“Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth
through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one
another fervently with a pure heart” (1 Pet 1:22).
The church has every reason to submit to Christ:
Jesus said that He would build the church (Mt. 16:18).
Jesus is the One who redeemed the church with His own
blood (Acts 20:28).
God the Father gave Jesus an exalted position.
He gave Him that exalted position over all creation (Phil. 2:911).
He also gave Him that exalted position over the church (Eph
Important consequences of the Son’s headship:
The church is not a democracy.
We need to submit ourselves to Christ.
In this world, marriage is a permanent
Jesus taught that adultery was the only reason one could
acceptably divorce and remarry (Matt 19:9).
If a woman “marries another man, she will be called an
adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that
law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married
another man” (Rom 7:3).
Likewise, the relationship we enter into with Christ
as our bridegroom is a permanent one.
“No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back,
is fit for the kingdom of God” (Lk 9:62).
“Now the just shall live by faith; But if anyone draws back,
My soul has no pleasure in him” (Heb 10:38).