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It Is Finished
 

It Is Finished

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    It Is Finished It Is Finished Presentation Transcript

    • It is Finished 1 Cor 15:12-19
    •  
      • Churchill rightly believed that a resurrection of life awaits the righteous.
      • “ The trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality. When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written: ‘Death is swallowed up in victory’” (1 Cor 15:52-54, ESV).
      • “ The Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord” (1 Thess 4:16-17, ESV).
    • But, what if that’s not the case?
    • But, what if that’s not the case?
      • What if when we die, it is best to declare, “It is finished”?
      • “ When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, ‘It is finished,’ and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit” (Jn 19:30, ESV).
      • “ When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, ‘It is finished,’ and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit” (Jn 19:30, ESV).
        • We have always understood Jesus to be saying that he has finished the Father’s work.
      • “ When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, ‘It is finished,’ and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit” (Jn 19:30, ESV).
        • We have always understood Jesus to be saying that he has finished the Father’s work.
        • But, what if he meant that his life was over FOREVER?
      • Some of the Corinthians seem to have believed that.
      • Some of the Corinthians seem to have believed that.
        • “ How can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?” (1 Cor 15:12, ESV).
      • Some of the Corinthians seem to have believed that.
        • “ How can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?” (1 Cor 15:12, ESV).
        • In this text, Paul says, “Okay. Let’s imagine such a world.”
    • Let’s go to a fantasy world where Jesus is still dead.
    • Let’s go to a fantasy world where Jesus is still dead.
      • Let’s go to his OCCUPIED tomb.
    • What would such a world be like?
      • We would PUTREFY.
      • Our faith would be POINTLESS.
      • The apostles would be PERJURERS.
      • We would be PERVERSE.
      • The dead would have PERISHED.
      • We would be PITIFUL.
    • We would PUTREFY
      • vv 12-13
      • “ Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised” (vv 12-13, ESV).
      • For Paul, the issue of the resurrection boils down nicely.
      • For Paul, the issue of the resurrection boils down nicely:
        • Either Jesus has been raised, signaling the resurrection of ALL the dead.
      • For Paul, the issue of the resurrection boils down nicely:
        • Either Jesus has been raised, signaling the resurrection of ALL the dead; or
        • Jesus has not been raised, signaling that NONE of the dead would be resurrected.
      • For Paul, the issue of the resurrection boils down nicely:
      • It was either one way or the other.
      • For Paul, the issue of the resurrection boils down nicely:
      • It was either one way or the other—You could not say that Jesus was resurrected but that there would be no final resurrection.
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
        • Most Palestinian Jews accepted the final resurrection.
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
        • Most Palestinian Jews accepted the final resurrection.
        • “ Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt” (Dan 12:2, ESV).
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
      • The Sadducees “say that there is no resurrection” (Mk 12:28, ESV).
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
      • The Sadducees “say that there is no resurrection” (Mk 12:28, ESV).
      • Jews influenced by Gr philosophy also denied the resurrection.
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
      • The Sadducees “say that there is no resurrection” (Mk 12:28, ESV).
      • Jews influenced by Gr philosophy also denied the resurrection.
        • It seems that the Corinthians would fall into this category.
      • But, some of the Corinthians were saying that the dead would not be raised.
      • The Sadducees “say that there is no resurrection” (Mk 12:28, ESV).
      • Jews influenced by Gr philosophy also denied the resurrection.
        • The Corinthians.
        • Paul spends the 1 st 3 chapters arguing against Gr philosophy.
      • The Corinthians wanted Jesus’ resurrection as a bedrock of their faith, while they denied the final resurrection.
      • The Corinthians wanted Jesus’ resurrection as a bedrock of their faith, while they denied the final resurrection.
        • It cannot be both ways!
      • The Corinthians wanted Jesus’ resurrection as a bedrock of their faith, while they denied the final resurrection.
        • It cannot be both ways!
        • If Jesus is dead, it is finished!
      • If Jesus is dead, our bodies will putrefy, rot.
      • If Jesus is dead, our bodies will putrefy, rot.
        • Sure, they are going to rot.
      • If Jesus is dead, our bodies will putrefy, rot.
        • Sure, they are going to rot.
        • But, they shall also be raised.
      • If Jesus is dead, our bodies will putrefy, rot.
        • Sure, they are going to rot.
        • But, they shall also be raised.
          • “ What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable” (1 Cor 15:42, ESV).
      • If Jesus is dead, our bodies will putrefy, rot.
        • Sure, they are going to rot.
        • But, they shall also be raised.
          • “ What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable” (1 Cor 15:42, ESV).
          • Our bodies shall be raised to a state where they cannot decompose!
    • But, that’s only if “It is NOT Finished”!
    • Our Faith would be POINTLESS
      • v 14
      • “ And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain” (v 14, ESV).
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ: God “has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed; and of this he has given assurance to all by raising him from the dead” (Acts 17:31, ESV).
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 17:31).
        • “ Vain” means “empty.”
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 17:31).
        • “ Vain” means “empty.” The idea is that without the resurrection of Jesus, the apostles’ preaching is pointless or useless.
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 17:31).
        • “ Vain” means “empty.”
        • Why did Paul proclaim the resurrection at the Areopagus if Jesus is still dead?
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 17:31).
        • “ Vain” means “empty.”
        • Why did Paul proclaim the resurrection at the Areopagus if Jesus is still dead?
          • “ Now when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked” (Acts 17:32, ESV).
      • If Jesus is dead, the apostles’ preaching is vain.
        • The thrust of that preaching was the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 17:31).
        • “ Vain” means “empty.”
        • Why did Paul proclaim the resurrection at the Areopagus if Jesus is still dead?
          • Acts 17:31.
          • It was pointless for Paul to endure that if Jesus is still dead!
      • If Jesus is dead, our faith is pointless.
      • If Jesus is dead, our faith is pointless.
        • It makes perfect sense for Paul to lump faith & preaching together.
      • If Jesus is dead, our faith is pointless.
        • It makes perfect sense for Paul to lump faith & preaching together. “Faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ” (Rm 10:17, ESV).
      • If Jesus is dead, our faith is pointless.
        • It makes perfect sense for Paul to lump faith & preaching together. “Faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ” (Rm 10:17, ESV).
        • But, if Jesus is dead, that faith is pointless!
    • Let those words sink in!
    • Let those words sink in!
      • What a dark world IF “It is Finished”!
    • If “It is Finished,” the Apostles are PERJURERS
      • v 15
      • “ We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified about God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised” (v 15, ESV).
      • If Jesus is still in his tomb, the apostles were the biggest liars the world has ever seen!
      • If Jesus is still in his tomb, the apostles were the biggest liars the world has ever seen!
      • They testified that God had raised Jesus from the dead.
    • Why did the apostles go throughout the world declaring the resurrection of Jesus?
      • The apostles saw Jesus after his resurrection.
      • The apostles saw Jesus after his resurrection.
        • Paul: “Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me” (v 8, ESV).
      • The apostles saw Jesus after his resurrection.
        • Paul: “Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me” (v 8, ESV).
        • Why would an educated person go from being a persecutor of the church to being persecuted in the church if he had not seen Jesus alive after the his resurrection?
      • If Jesus is dead, we have believed the biggest FRAUD in human history!
      • If Jesus is dead, we have believed the biggest FRAUD in human history!
        • The apostles taught us not to lie.
      • If Jesus is dead, we have believed the biggest FRAUD in human history!
        • The apostles taught us not to lie.
        • “ Having put away falsehood, let each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members of one another” (Eph 4:25, ESV).
    • If “It is Finished,” the APOSTLES needed to put away falsehood!
    • If it is Finished, We are PERVERSE
      • v 17
      • “ If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins” (v 17, ESV).
      • “ If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins” (v 17, ESV).
      • If Jesus is rotting in Jerusalem, we are perverse, i.e., we still bear our sins!
    • Jesus’ resurrection—as well as his blood—was necessary to cleanse us from sin!
      • We are cleansed by Jesus’ blood.
      • We are cleansed by Jesus’ blood.
      • “ In him we have redemption through his blood , according to the riches of his grace” (Eph 1:7, ESV).
    • Jesus’ resurrection—as well as his blood—was necessary to cleanse us from sin!
      • How is his resurrection necessary for my salvation?
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
        • “ From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised ” (Mt 16:21, ESV).
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
        • “ From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised ” (Mt 16:21, ESV).
        • If Jesus was not raised on the third day, he was a liar & he could not have been the perfect sacrifice for sin!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is not the Son of God!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is not the Son of God!
        • Jesus “was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead” (Rm 1:4, ESV).
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is a fraud!
      • Without the resurrection, Jesus is not the Son of God!
        • Jesus “was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead” (Rm 1:4, ESV).
        • If he was not resurrection, Jesus is NOT the Son of God whom we believe & whom we confess.
    • What would a world without forgiveness be like?
      • We would still bear our guilt.
      • We would still bear our guilt.
        • “ When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long. For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer” (Ps 32:3-4, ESV).
      • We would still bear our guilt.
        • “ When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long. For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength was dried up as by the heat of summer” (Ps 32:3-4, ESV).
        • If Jesus is still dead, we have absolutely no way to have that guilt removed.
      • We would still bear our guilt.
      • How many of us have needed forgiveness from family & friends?
      • We would still bear our guilt.
      • How many of us have needed forgiveness from family & friends?
        • We learn to forgive by being forgiven by God.
      • We would still bear our guilt.
      • How many of us have needed forgiveness from family & friends?
        • We learn to forgive by being forgiven by God.
        • “ Be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you” (Eph 4:32, ESV).
    • What a horrible world IF “It is Finished”!
    • What a horrible world IF “It is Finished”!
    • If “It is Finished,” the Dead have PERISHED
      • v 18
      • “ Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished” (v 18, ESV).
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
        • The Gr term refers to killing.
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
        • The Gr term refers to killing. The king then” sent his troops and destroyed [same word] those murderers and burned their city” (Mt 22:7, ESV).
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
        • The Gr term refers to killing. The king then” sent his troops and destroyed [same word] those murderers and burned their city” (Mt 22:7, ESV).
        • The term also refers to eternal damnation.
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
        • The Gr term refers to killing. The king then” sent his troops and destroyed [same word] those murderers and burned their city” (Mt 22:7, ESV).
        • The term also refers to eternal damnation.
          • “ Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy [same word] both soul and body in hell” (Mt 10:28, ESV).
      • “ Perished” obviously doesn’t refer to physical death, for Paul is speaking of the “dead in Christ.”
        • The Gr term refers to killing. The king then” sent his troops and destroyed [same word] those murderers and burned their city” (Mt 22:7, ESV).
        • The term also refers to eternal damnation.
          • “ Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy [same word] both soul and body in hell” (Mt 10:28, ESV).
          • “ The heavens and earth that now exist are stored up for fire, being kept until the day of judgment and destruction [same word] of the ungodly” (2 Pt 3:7, ESV).
    • IF “It is Finished,” the dead in Christ are in torment awaiting an eternal hell!
    • IF “It is Finished,” the dead in Christ are in torment awaiting an eternal hell!
      • They have to be in torment, for if “It is Finished,” they died in sin.
      • Sin leads to hell.
      • Sin leads to hell.
        • “ The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rm 6:23, ESV).
      • Sin leads to hell.
        • “ The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rm 6:23, ESV).
        • “ Let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins” (Js 5:20, ESV).
      • Sin leads to hell.
        • “ The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Rm 6:23, ESV).
        • “ Let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins” (Js 5:20, ESV).
        • “ As for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death” (Rv 21:8, ESV).
    • Haven’t we all found comfort in the death of a Christian loved one by knowing that death has been conquered?
    • If “It is Finished,” there is NO HOPE!!!!!!
    • If “It is Finished,” there is NO HOPE!!!!!!
      • In such a world, Mammaw is in torment awaiting eternal hell without hope!
    • If “It is Finished,” We are PITIFUL
      • v 19
      • “ If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied” (v 19, ESV).
    • How many times have we heard that if Christianity isn’t true that we still have a better life than an atheist?
    • How many times have we heard that if Christianity isn’t true that we still have a better life than an atheist?
      • Paul says, “ NO!! ”
    • Why should we be pitied if we only have hope in this life?
      • Because we haven’t lived “the good life.”
      • Because we haven’t lived “the good life.”
        • If Jesus is still dead, we need to be concerned with pleasure & riches.
      • Because we haven’t lived “the good life.”
        • If Jesus is still dead, we need to be concerned with pleasure & riches.
        • “ If the dead are not raised, ‘Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die’” (1 Cor 15:32, ESV).
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
          • “ My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better” (Phil 1:23, ESV).
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
          • “ My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better” (Phil 1:23, ESV).
          • “ Child, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner bad things; but now he is comforted here” (Lk 16:25, ESV).
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
        • But, if Jesus is still dead, we shall go to a terrible place of torment.
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
        • But, if Jesus is still dead, we shall go to a terrible place of torment.
          • “ It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell, where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched” (Mk 9:47-48, ESV).
      • Because we are in for quite a shock when we die!
        • We believe that were we to die today, we would go to the Paradise of God.
        • But, if Jesus is still dead, we shall go to a terrible place of torment.
          • “ It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell, where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched” (Mk 9:47-48, ESV).
          • “ The smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night” (Rv14:11, ESV).
    • How much we should be pitied!
    • How much we should be pitied!
      • The atheist dies knowing he has no hope.
    • How much we should be pitied!
      • The atheist dies knowing he has no hope.
      • But, we die believing in hope, but there is none if “It is Finished.”
      • Paul seeks to impress on the Corinthians the consequences of what they were saying.
      • Paul seeks to impress on the Corinthians the consequences of what they were saying.
      • The good news is that the fantasy world we have examined this morning does NOT exist.
      • Paul seeks to impress on the Corinthians the consequences of what they were saying.
      • The good news is that the fantasy world we have examined this morning does NOT exist.
        • “ In fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep” (v 20, ESV).
    • Praise God that Jesus has been raised from the dead!
      • Therefore:
        • We shall NOT PUTREFY.
        • Our faith is NOT POINTLESS.
        • The apostles are NOT PERJURERS.
        • We are NOT PERVERSE.
        • The dead have NOT PERISHED.
        • We are NOT PITIFUL.
    • Do you have hope this morning?