Psalm 133
Harvard student Mark
Zuckerberg was bored!
   On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded
    thefacebook.com.
   On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded
    thefacebook.com.
       At first, it was only opened to students at Harva...
   On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded
    thefacebook.com.
       At first, it was only opened to students at Harva...
   On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded
    thefacebook.com.
       At first, it was only opened to students at Harva...
   On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded
    thefacebook.com.
       At first, it was only opened to students at Harva...
   Facebook says that its purpose is to help “you connect
    and share with the people in your life.”
   Facebook says that its purpose is to help “you connect
    and share with the people in your life.”
       That is th...
   “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell
    in unity! It is like the precious oil on the head, runnin...
It is Good for Brothers
            to Connect

                     v1
   “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell
    in unity!” (v 1, ESV).
   “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell
    in unity!” (v 1, ESV).
   We often read this text & jump...
   “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell
    in unity!” (v 1, ESV).
   We often read this text & jump...
   “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell
    in unity!” (v 1, ESV).
   We often read this text & jump...
   The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for
    brothers to dwell in unity.
   The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for
    brothers to dwell in unity.
       He simply says, “Beho...
   The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for
    brothers to dwell in unity.
       He simply says, “Beho...
Some things are too
  beautiful to merit
       description.
   The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in
    Genesis.
   The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in
    Genesis.
       quot;Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks ...
   The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in
    Genesis.
       quot;Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his da...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
   The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the
    idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in
  ...
Two Similes


       vv 2-3
   quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on
    the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on th...
   quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on
    the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on th...
   quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on
    the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on th...
   quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on
    the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on th...
   The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.
   The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.
       Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have
   ...
   The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.
       Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have
   ...
   The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.
       Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have
   ...
   The oil would have been in abundance.
   The oil would have been in abundance.
       Moses was to pour the oil on Moses‟ head (Ex 29:7).
   The oil would have been in abundance.
       Moses was to pour the oil on Moses‟ head (Ex 29:7).
       Therefore, i...
   quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains
    of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
   quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains
    of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
       Hermon is a snow...
   quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains
    of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
       Hermon is a snow...
   quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains
    of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
       Hermon is a snow...
   quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains
    of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
       Hermon is a snow...
The similes suggest
that God’s blessings
fall on brothers who
        live in unity.
How does this impact
                 us?
   It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in
    unity.
   It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in
    unity.
       The night before he died, Jesus prayed for ...
   It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in
    unity.
       The night before he died, Jesus prayed for ...
What can keep
   brethren from
dwelling in unity?
   In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
   In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
       Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict?
   In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
       Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply
        because Abram took ...
   In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
       Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply
        because Abram took ...
   In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
       Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply
        because Abram took ...
   In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from
    dwelling in unity.
   In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from
    dwelling in unity.
       Diotrephes' pride kept those w...
   In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from
    dwelling in unity.
       Diotrephes' pride kept those w...
   In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from
    dwelling in unity.
       Diotrephes' pride kept those w...
Sin certainly keeps
  brethren in today’s
church from dwelling
             in unity.
How can we have
         unity?
   The basis of unity must be love.
   The basis of unity must be love.
       quot;Love one another earnestly from a pure heartquot; (1 Pt 1:22,
        ES...
   The basis of unity must be love.
       quot;Love one another earnestly from a pure heartquot; (1 Pt 1:22,
        ES...
   Love overlooks the quirks we all have.
   Love overlooks the quirks we all have.
       quot;Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things,
    ...
   Love overlooks the quirks we all have.
       quot;Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things,
    ...
   The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our
    unity.
   The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our
    unity.
       When brethren came to Antioch teaching error ab...
   The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our
    unity.
       When brethren came to Antioch teaching error ab...
   The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our
    unity.
       When brethren came to Antioch teaching error ab...
   The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our
    unity.
       When brethren came to Antioch teaching error ab...
   If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.
   If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.
       That is how the earliest disciples had unity.
   If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.
       That is how the earliest disciples had unity: quot;They devote...
   If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.
       That is how the earliest disciples had unity: quot;They devote...
Jesus died for the
unity of God’s people.
   “For he himself is our peace, who has made us [Jew &
    Gentile] both one and has broken down in his flesh the
    di...
Are you united with
 the people of God?
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Faithbook

  1. 1. Psalm 133
  2. 2. Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg was bored!
  3. 3.  On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded thefacebook.com.
  4. 4.  On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded thefacebook.com.  At first, it was only opened to students at Harvard, but it quickly expanded to most universities in the US & Canada.
  5. 5.  On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded thefacebook.com.  At first, it was only opened to students at Harvard, but it quickly expanded to most universities in the US & Canada.  In September 2005, facebook expanded to high schools & to many companies (e.g., Apple & Microsoft).
  6. 6.  On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded thefacebook.com.  At first, it was only opened to students at Harvard, but it quickly expanded to most universities in the US & Canada.  In September 2005, facebook expanded to high schools & to many companies (e.g., Apple & Microsoft).  Beginning in September 2005, anyone over 13 with a valid e-mail account could join facebook.
  7. 7.  On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg founded thefacebook.com.  At first, it was only opened to students at Harvard, but it quickly expanded to most universities in the US & Canada.  In September 2005, facebook expanded to high schools & to many companies (e.g., Apple & Microsoft).  Beginning in September 2005, anyone over 13 with a valid e-mail account could join facebook.  In 2008, the estimated revenues of facebook were $300 million.
  8. 8.  Facebook says that its purpose is to help “you connect and share with the people in your life.”
  9. 9.  Facebook says that its purpose is to help “you connect and share with the people in your life.”  That is the great thing about facebook.  But, we don‟t need facebook to connect with friends.
  10. 10.  “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity! It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes! It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion! For there the Lord has commanded the blessing, life forevermore” (Ps 133, ESV).
  11. 11. It is Good for Brothers to Connect v1
  12. 12.  “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity!” (v 1, ESV).
  13. 13.  “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity!” (v 1, ESV).  We often read this text & jump immediately to the need for the church to be unified.
  14. 14.  “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity!” (v 1, ESV).  We often read this text & jump immediately to the need for the church to be unified.  We‟ll get there.
  15. 15.  “Behold, how good and pleasant it is when brothers dwell in unity!” (v 1, ESV).  We often read this text & jump immediately to the need for the church to be unified.  We‟ll get there.  But, we first want to examine this passage in its original meaning.
  16. 16.  The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for brothers to dwell in unity.
  17. 17.  The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for brothers to dwell in unity.  He simply says, “Behold, how good and pleasant it is.”
  18. 18.  The psalmists doesn‟t try to describe what it‟s like for brothers to dwell in unity.  He simply says, “Behold, how good and pleasant it is.”  It isn‟t something one can describe, but it‟s something one needs to behold—see—for himself.
  19. 19. Some things are too beautiful to merit description.
  20. 20.  The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in Genesis.
  21. 21.  The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in Genesis.  quot;Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents, so that the land could not support both of them dwelling together; for their possessions were so great that they could not dwell togetherquot; (Gn 13:5-6, ESV).
  22. 22.  The phrase “dwell together” (KJV) occurs twice in Genesis.  quot;Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his livestock, all his beasts, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan. He went into a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together. The land of their sojournings could not support them because of their livestockquot; (Gn 36:6-7, ESV).
  23. 23.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.
  24. 24.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  In both of those passages, there is great strife.
  25. 25.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  In both of those passages, there is great strife.  Abram had disobeyed the Lord's instruction to leave his father's house & took Lot with him on his sojourn.
  26. 26.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  In both of those passages, there is great strife.  Abram had disobeyed the Lord's instruction to leave his father's house & took Lot with him on his sojourn.  When their flocks became so large that they could not dwell together, we read: quot;There was strife between the herdsmen of Abram's livestock and the herdsmen of Lot's livestockquot; (Gn 13:7, ESV).
  27. 27.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  In both of those passages, there is great strife.  The second text deals with Jacob & Esau.
  28. 28.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  In both of those passages, there is great strife.  The second text deals with Jacob & Esau.  You recall that Jacob fled from Esau & was estranged from him for many years before the reunion in Gn 36.
  29. 29.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  Yet, the promise of God was that in Canaan, there would be plenty of goods to support all of his people.
  30. 30.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  Yet, the promise of God was that in Canaan, there would be plenty of goods to support all of his people.  quot;I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey“ (Ex 3:8, ESV).
  31. 31.  The background of this Psalm, therefore, seems to be the idea of the Israelites dwelling peacefully together in Canaan.  Yet, the promise of God was that in Canaan, there would be plenty of goods to support all of his people.  quot;I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey“ (Ex 3:8, ESV).  Thus, Canaan would be a place where brethren could dwell together in unity.
  32. 32. Two Similes vv 2-3
  33. 33.  quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!quot; (v 2, ESV).
  34. 34.  quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!quot; (v 2, ESV).  This image is foreign to our experience, but it wasn‟t to the experience of the Israelites.
  35. 35.  quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!quot; (v 2, ESV).  This image is foreign to our experience, but it wasn‟t to the experience of the Israelites.  The oil was quite aromatic: “The LORD said to Moses, „Take the finest spices: of liquid myrrh 500 shekels, and of sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, 250, and 250 of aromatic cane, and 500 of cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a hin of olive oil. And you shall make of these a sacred anointing oil blended as by the perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil‟” (Ex 30:22-25).
  36. 36.  quot;It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!quot; (v 2, ESV).  This image is foreign to our experience, but it wasn‟t to the experience of the Israelites.  The oil was quite aromatic: (Ex 30:22-25).  This oil was for the consecration of worship utensils & priests for the service of God: quot;You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests. And you shall say to the people of Israel, 'This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations. It shall not be poured on the body of an ordinary person, and you shall make no other like it in composition. It is holy, and it shall be holy to you'quot; (Ex 30:30- 32, ESV).
  37. 37.  The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.
  38. 38.  The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.  Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have smelled it as strongly as he.
  39. 39.  The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.  Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have smelled it as strongly as he.  He would also have felt it as it ran down his face, seen it as it dripped in/around his eyes, & perhaps tasted it as it ran into his mouth.
  40. 40.  The oil would have filled the senses of the priest.  Others would have smelled the oil, but none would have smelled it as strongly as he.  He would also have felt it as it ran down his face, seen it as it dripped in/around his eyes, & perhaps tasted it as it ran into his mouth.  The priest‟s senses would have been greatly filled through this holy experience.
  41. 41.  The oil would have been in abundance.
  42. 42.  The oil would have been in abundance.  Moses was to pour the oil on Moses‟ head (Ex 29:7).
  43. 43.  The oil would have been in abundance.  Moses was to pour the oil on Moses‟ head (Ex 29:7).  Therefore, its running down Aaron‟s beard onto his collar would have suggested plenty.
  44. 44.  quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).
  45. 45.  quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).  Hermon is a snow-capped mountain on the northern end of Canaan.
  46. 46.  quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).  Hermon is a snow-capped mountain on the northern end of Canaan.  The image is likely that the clouds dropping moisture on Hermon take it to Jerusalem.
  47. 47.  quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).  Hermon is a snow-capped mountain on the northern end of Canaan.  The image is likely that the clouds dropping moisture on Hermon take it to Jerusalem.  Dew is quite important in Jerusalem‟s dry season.
  48. 48.  quot;It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion!quot; (v 3, ESV).  Hermon is a snow-capped mountain on the northern end of Canaan.  The image is likely that the clouds dropping moisture on Hermon take it to Jerusalem.  Dew is quite important in Jerusalem‟s dry season.  quot;So Israel lived in safety, Jacob lived alone, in a land of grain and wine, whose heavens drop down dewquot; (Deut 33:28, ESV).
  49. 49. The similes suggest that God’s blessings fall on brothers who live in unity.
  50. 50. How does this impact us?
  51. 51.  It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in unity.
  52. 52.  It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in unity.  The night before he died, Jesus prayed for the unity of his people.
  53. 53.  It continues to be beautiful when God‟s people dwell in unity.  The night before he died, Jesus prayed for the unity of his people.  “I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me” (Jn 17:20-21, ESV).
  54. 54. What can keep brethren from dwelling in unity?
  55. 55.  In a nutshell, it‟s sin.
  56. 56.  In a nutshell, it‟s sin.  Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict?
  57. 57.  In a nutshell, it‟s sin.  Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply because Abram took his nephew with him when God had said to leave his father‟s house.
  58. 58.  In a nutshell, it‟s sin.  Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply because Abram took his nephew with him when God had said to leave his father‟s house.  Why were Jacob & Esau estranged from one another for so long?
  59. 59.  In a nutshell, it‟s sin.  Why did the herdsmen of Lot & Abram have conflict? Simply because Abram took his nephew with him when God had said to leave his father‟s house.  Why were Jacob & Esau estranged from one another for so long? Simply because Jacob & Rebekah came up with a deceitful scheme to get Isaac to bless Jacob.
  60. 60.  In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from dwelling in unity.
  61. 61.  In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from dwelling in unity.  Diotrephes' pride kept those who wished to support missionaries from being a part of the local congregation (3 Jn 9- 10).
  62. 62.  In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from dwelling in unity.  Diotrephes' pride kept those who wished to support missionaries from being a part of the local congregation (3 Jn 9- 10).  Grievances were causing the Corinthian brethren to sue one another: quot;When one of you has a grievance against another, does he dare go to law before the unrighteous instead of the saints?quot; (1 Cor 6:1, ESV).
  63. 63.  In the church‟s history, much sin has kept brethren from dwelling in unity.  Diotrephes' pride kept those who wished to support missionaries from being a part of the local congregation (3 Jn 9- 10).  Grievances were causing the Corinthian brethren to sue one another: (1 Cor 6:1).  When some brethren came from Judea to Antioch saying that one cannot be saved apart from circumcision, we read, quot;Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with themquot; (Acts 15:2, ESV).
  64. 64. Sin certainly keeps brethren in today’s church from dwelling in unity.
  65. 65. How can we have unity?
  66. 66.  The basis of unity must be love.
  67. 67.  The basis of unity must be love.  quot;Love one another earnestly from a pure heartquot; (1 Pt 1:22, ESV).
  68. 68.  The basis of unity must be love.  quot;Love one another earnestly from a pure heartquot; (1 Pt 1:22, ESV).  quot;A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one anotherquot; (Jn 13:34, ESV).
  69. 69.  Love overlooks the quirks we all have.
  70. 70.  Love overlooks the quirks we all have.  quot;Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all thingsquot; (1 Cor 13:7, ESV).
  71. 71.  Love overlooks the quirks we all have.  quot;Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all thingsquot; (1 Cor 13:7, ESV).  quot;Keep loving one another earnestly, since love covers a multitude of sinsquot; (1 Pt 4:8, ESV).
  72. 72.  The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our unity.
  73. 73.  The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our unity.  When brethren came to Antioch teaching error about circumcision, Paul & Barnabas went to Jerusalem.
  74. 74.  The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our unity.  When brethren came to Antioch teaching error about circumcision, Paul & Barnabas went to Jerusalem.  Once the elders, apostles, & the Jerusalem church came together, there was a great deal of debate.
  75. 75.  The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our unity.  When brethren came to Antioch teaching error about circumcision, Paul & Barnabas went to Jerusalem.  Once the elders, apostles, & the Jerusalem church came together, there was a great deal of debate.  Yet, it was the will of God that finally settled the issue.
  76. 76.  The Word of God must also serve as the basis of our unity.  When brethren came to Antioch teaching error about circumcision, Paul & Barnabas went to Jerusalem.  Once the elders, apostles, & the Jerusalem church came together, there was a great deal of debate.  Yet, it was the will of God that finally settled the issue.  quot;It has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirementsquot; (Acts 15:28, ESV).
  77. 77.  If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.
  78. 78.  If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.  That is how the earliest disciples had unity.
  79. 79.  If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.  That is how the earliest disciples had unity: quot;They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayersquot; (Acts 2:42, ESV).
  80. 80.  If we want unity, we need to look to Scripture.  That is how the earliest disciples had unity: quot;They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayersquot; (Acts 2:42, ESV).  quot;Whoever speaksquot; should speak quot;as one who speaks oracles of Godquot; (1 Pt 4:11, ESV).
  81. 81. Jesus died for the unity of God’s people.
  82. 82.  “For he himself is our peace, who has made us [Jew & Gentile] both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile us both to God in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility” (Eph 2:14-16).
  83. 83. Are you united with the people of God?
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