Issues Chapter 1

341 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
341
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Issues Chapter 1

  1. 1. Chapter 1: Talking About Drug Use Psychoactive drugs: effect thoughts, emotions and/or behavior and can alter consciousness Four Principles: 1. Drugs are not good or bad 2. Every drug has multiple effects 3. Both the size and the quality of a drug’s effect depend on the amount the individual has taken 4. The effects of any psychoactive drug depend on the individual’s history and expectations
  2. 2. “The Drug Problem” Talking About Drug Use • To evaluate the extent of the drug problem and propose possible solutions, it helps to ask basic journalism questions: • Who? • What? • When? • Where? • Why? • How? • How much?
  3. 3. Research on Substance Use • Take into account source of information • Not easy to get accurate information on: • Number of drug users • How much is imported and sold • Usage of even alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs • What constitutes a trend? • How do we get information? • Survey Questionnaires • Benefits & drawbacks
  4. 4. Trends & Correlates • Trends • Prevalence of use • Perceived risk & availability • Correlates • Risk factors • Protective factors • Correlates or stereotypes & misinformation?
  5. 5. Antecedents of Drug Use • Antecedent: a factor that occurs before an event such as the initiation of drug use • Examples of antecedents commonly studied • Aggressiveness • Conduct problems • Poor academic performance • Attachment to a drug-using peer group • Concept of “gateway drug”
  6. 6. Motives for Substance Use
  7. 7. Motives for Substance Use

×