Msw Jns

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  • SW 1000 TPD
  • SW 32 MT per day
  • Compostable fraction varies from 29 % to 71 %; 2 ha land/100 tons/day for containerised composting. Recyclable fraction varies from 10 % to 36 %; Calorific value of waste ranges from 591 kcal/kg to 3766 kcal/kg.
  • Msw Jns

    1. 1. INTEGRATED APPROACH on Solid Waste Management Strategies , Planning & Compliances J N Sharma, Environmental Engineer J&K SPCB
    2. 2. <ul><li>APPROACH FOR ISWM AT DIFFERENT LEVELS </li></ul><ul><li>AT GLOBAL LEVEL </li></ul><ul><li>AT NATIONAL LEVEL </li></ul><ul><li>AT STATE LEVEL </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    3. 3. SOLID WASTE CHARACTERISATION Waste generated due to domestic and commercial activities, including construction and demolition debris, either in solid or semi solid form in a municipal or notified area is defined as SOLID WASTE . Composition % By weight Vegetable/leaves 40.15 Grass 3.80 Paper 0.81 Plastic 0.62 Glass/ceramics 0.44 Metal 0.64 Stones/ashes 41.81 Miscellaneous 11.73
    4. 4. ELEMENTS OF INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
    5. 6. The Global practices of ISWM vary from region to region, country to country and from one Municipality to another depending upon the prevailing specific conditions( Natural, Social , Economic etc)
    6. 25. The Main Concern NATIONAL LEVEL Presently, solid waste generated is normally thrown outside the premises, outside designated bins, in unscientific manner leading to serious environmental & health hazards, causing spread of diseases & may lead to spread of EPIDEMIC. Quantity of solid waste generated per capita per day Varies from 0.19 kg (Nasik, Imphal) to 0.62 (Chennai)
    7. 26. <ul><li>IMPACT OF SOLID WASTE </li></ul><ul><li>Community: food item contamination, vector borne disease </li></ul><ul><li>Management problems: choking of drain sewers, parks converted into dumping grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Worker’s health: collection, storage, transportation and disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal sites : water pollution, pollution of tube wells due to release of leachates, air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Rag pickers: injury & ill health </li></ul>
    8. 27. <ul><li>In India, the SW generation has increased manifold because of: </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Incomes </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Use & Discard Society </li></ul><ul><li>Population Growth </li></ul><ul><li>More than 25% of the MSW is not collected at all; </li></ul><ul><li>70% of the Indian cities lack adequate capacity to transport it </li></ul>
    9. 28. WASTE GENERATION IN INDIA Waste Quantity (Tonnes/day) 3 (Kavaratti) to 5922 (Delhi) Compostable (%) 29 (Daman) to 71 (Sivasa) Recyclable (%) 10 (Ranchi) to 36 (Shimla) Calorific value (kcal/kg) 591 (Dhanbad & Kochi) to 3766 (Imphal & Aizwal)
    10. 29. <ul><li>Overview of the Present Status in Solid Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Management in Indian Cities Manual handling has been substantially minimized by employing </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanisation in cities like Chennai, Bangalore, Nagpur, Chandigarh </li></ul><ul><li>Bin-less city concept has been introduced in cities like Suryapet, Nasik, </li></ul><ul><li>Panjim, Gangtok </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty provisions for prohibiting littering of waste has been made by </li></ul><ul><li>Nagpur,Pune, Gangtok </li></ul><ul><li>SWM is under privatization in Jamshedpur </li></ul><ul><li>Composting in Bangalore, Calcutta </li></ul><ul><li>Pelletisation & Energy Recovery in Hyderabad </li></ul>
    11. 30. <ul><li>The infrastructural development is not in a position to keep pace with population growth owing to the inefficient resources in most of the local bodies. The following are some of the observations found commonly in Indian cities: </li></ul><ul><li>It is observed that the bins are full and the waste is lying for days without being lifted to the landfill site. </li></ul><ul><li>The current lifting capacity is much less as compared to the waste generated per day. </li></ul><ul><li>The complete inventory of the bins and its locations etc. ward wise and sector wise, on major roads is often not available with the authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>The route planning is never prepared and is currently done as and when need arises. </li></ul><ul><li>The redressal system does not exist, and is performed just by a system on demand by the community. </li></ul>
    12. 31. Solid Waste Management (SWM) in Varanasi City using Geographic Information Systems City Planning: The GIS Way The concept of systematic urban planning is becoming very popular nowadays in the areas related to urban management and development. GIS is commonly used as a tool to simplify this process: &quot;City planning is a classic application of GIS, in which common data is used to co-ordinate activities and reduce duplication of effort&quot;.
    13. 32. <ul><li>Identification and preparation of layers on GIS platform about the exact location of dust-bins in the city. The authors accomplished this by means of a survey, followed by marking the corresponding points on the base map of Varanasi. </li></ul><ul><li>Wardwise inventory of the bins was made. </li></ul><ul><li>The existing minimum distance between the bins was computed. </li></ul><ul><li>Current lifting cycle pattern identification based on the waste generated along the main roads, streets, and wards. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing hourly cycle pattern of the vehicles for different wards and main roads was observed. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing location of the landfill sites were recorded. </li></ul><ul><li>Route planning for the shortest (most efficient) path was done. This comprised of modeling the </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of the results. </li></ul>
    14. 33. <ul><li>Route Planning for Solid Waste Management for Varanasi city </li></ul>
    15. 34. <ul><li>Existing condition of open collection points in some areas of Varanasi city. </li></ul>
    16. 35. <ul><li>CASE STUDY SURAT </li></ul><ul><li>Plague of Sept, 1994, led SMC to take initiatives which were considerably </li></ul><ul><li>Visible by 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the 900 MT of SW generated, SMC has achieved an efficiency level </li></ul><ul><li>of 95 % of Waste Collection. </li></ul><ul><li>Street sweeping is in 2 shifts (morning & afternoon) as well as house-to- </li></ul><ul><li>house collection </li></ul><ul><li>Slums have been provided toilet complexes by 2 NGOs Sulabh & </li></ul><ul><li>Paryavaran on “Pay & Use” Principle </li></ul><ul><li>Hoteliers operate tractors to the disposal sites </li></ul><ul><li>SMC & Private Contractors undertake transportation from various zones </li></ul><ul><li>& transfer stations </li></ul>
    17. 36. <ul><li>Staff are provided mobile phones/wireless sets for co-ordination & </li></ul><ul><li>meetings are held daily, even on holidays </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative charges for littering range from Rs. 100-50,000/-. Initially more than 1 Crore was recovered & the city got disciplined </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint Redressal System of white & red card: White Card deal with 14 categories of sanitation & public health related complaints (3-7 days); Red Card deals with 13 Public Health Engineering related complaints (Addressed within 24 hrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Greivance Redressal System: Manually, Automated Complaint Lodging System </li></ul>
    18. 37. <ul><li>BINLESS CITY CONCEPT SURYAPET </li></ul><ul><li>Door-to door collection from all households & commercial establish- </li></ul><ul><li>ments from January 2003 by sending municipal vehicles with public </li></ul><ul><li>health workers </li></ul><ul><li>All households were provided 2 platic dustbins; Green for wet garbage </li></ul><ul><li>(transported to compost yard) & Red for dry garbage, segregated at source </li></ul><ul><li>ULB has generated income through recycling </li></ul><ul><li>All dustbins from the town have been removed </li></ul><ul><li>Separate vehicles have been deployed to collect bulk garbage from hotels, </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitals, shops,etc., and lifting of debris from all parts of the town </li></ul><ul><li>Penality for littering has been levied </li></ul>
    19. 38. <ul><li>Municipal Authorities are responsible for </li></ul><ul><li>-collection/segregation </li></ul><ul><li>-storage </li></ul><ul><li>-transportation </li></ul><ul><li>-processing </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>-disposal of municipal solid wastes </li></ul>RESPONSIBILITIES AT LOCAL LEVEL
    20. 39. <ul><li>Municipal authority (MAs) includes Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council including Notified Area Committee (NAC) or any other local body constituted under the relevant statutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Such agencies, shall be responsible within their territorial area, for implementation of the provisions of the MSW rules & for any infrastructure development for collection, storage, segregation, transportation, processing & disposal. </li></ul>
    21. 40. <ul><li>Segregation of MSW : MAs authorities should create </li></ul><ul><li>public awareness & use electronic/print media to disseminate information regarding segregation of waste and promote recycling/reuse of segregated material. Regular meetings on a quarterly basis should be arranged by the municipal authorities with local resident welfare associations & NGOs. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage of MSW : Hygienic & sanitary conditions to be maintained around ( user accessible ) color-coded storage facilities/bins </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-degradable Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Recyclable waste </li></ul><ul><li>Other Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty provisions for littering should be introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    22. 41. <ul><li>Transportation of MSW: Covered vehicles for daily clearing up waste from storage facilities/bins, with minimum handling of waste are to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Processing of MSW: Technology to be adopted which minimizes the burden on landfill. </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-degradable waste to be processed by composting /vermicomposting or any other biological processing for stabilization of waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed waste containing recoverable resources to follow the route of recycling. Incineration with or without energy recovery including pelletisation can also be used for processing wastes in specific cases. </li></ul>
    23. 42. Solid Waste Generation in Jammu City Waste Quantity (MT/day) 340 Compostable (%) 51.51 Recyclable (%) 21.08 Calorific value (kcal/kg) 1782 Solid Waste Generation in Srinagar City Waste Quantity (MT/day) 467 Compostable (%) 61.77 Recyclable (%) 17.76 Calorific value (kcal/kg) 1264
    24. 43. <ul><li>REQUIREMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal Authorities (MAs) have to obtain from PCBs & other Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>MAs or an operator of a facility shall make an application in Form-I, for grant of authorisation for setting up waste processing & disposal facility including landfills, to comply with the implementation programme laid down. </li></ul><ul><li>Form-I: -Setting up & operation of waste processing facility </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up & operation of disposal facility </li></ul><ul><li>Waste processing facility - to include the processing technology, quantity to be processed/day, site clearance from local authority, agreement details between MAs & operating agency, product utilization, methods for disposal of waste </li></ul>
    25. 44. processing rejects (quantity & quality), pollution control measures, investments & return and measures for the safety of workers. Waste disposal category- to include total no. of sites identified & the layout maps, quantity of waste to be disposed, nature & composition of waste, details of methodology/criteria followed for site selection, details of existing sites under operation, methodology & operational details of landfilling, pollution control measures. The waste processing & disposal facilities shall meet the specifications & standards as laid down.
    26. 45. <ul><li>State Board on receipt of complete Form-I shall examine the proposal taking into consideration views of other agencies like Urban Development Department, Town Planning, Air Port/Air Base Authority, Ground Water Board, etc., before issuing the authorisation, stipulating compliance criteria & standards specified. </li></ul><ul><li>The MAs shall furnish its annual reports: </li></ul><ul><li>-to Secretary, Department of Urban Development in case of a metropolitan city </li></ul><ul><li>-to District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner in case of all other towns and cities </li></ul><ul><li>With a copy to State Board/Committee on or before 30 th of June every year. </li></ul>
    27. 46. <ul><li>State Boards/Committees shall prepare & submit to CPCB an annual report with regard to implementation of these rules by 15 th September every year. </li></ul><ul><li>CPCB to consolidate the annual review report on management of MSW & forward to Central Govt. alongwith recommendation before 15 th December , every year. </li></ul><ul><li>Accident reporting at any stage is to be done by MAs </li></ul><ul><li>-to Secretary, Department of Urban Development in case of a metropolitan city </li></ul><ul><li>-to District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner in case of all other towns and cities </li></ul>
    28. 47. <ul><li>MANAGEMENT OF MSW </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of MSW : Door-to-door collection, waste from slaughter houses, dairies, horticultural, construction/ demolition waste, etc., should be separately collected. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Burning: Waste should not be burnt in the open and stray animals should not be allowed close to waste storage facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>MAs have to notify waste collection schedule and the likely method to be adopted for public benefit. </li></ul><ul><li>Generator of wastes has to avoid littering & ensure delivery of waste in accordance with the collection & segregation system of the notification. </li></ul>
    29. 48. <ul><li>Satellite disposal stations can be set up by MAs, involving voluntary groups (public participation) in association with area Councillors and certain incentives could be introduced, accordingly. </li></ul>
    30. 51. SWM APPROACH AT DIFFERENT LEVELS
    31. 52. Details of Forms S.No Details Form No. 1 Application for obtaining authorisation Form I 2 Annual Report ( to DM/DC with copy to State Board/Committee 30th June) Form II 3 Authorisation issued by State Boards/ Committees (45 days) Form III 4 State Boards/Committees to submit to CPCB an annual report ( 15th September ) Form IV 5 Accident Reporting Form V
    32. 53. Implementation Schedule I S.NO Compliance Criteria Schedule 1 Improvement of existing landfill sites as per provisions of these rules Dec,31, 2001 or earlier 2 Identification of landfill sites for future use & making site (s) ready for operation Dec,31, 2002 or earlier 3 Setting up of waste processing & disposal facilities Dec,31, 2003 or earlier 4 Monitoring the performance of waste processing & disposal facilities Once in 6 months
    33. 54. WASTE IS A MISMANAGED RESOURCE <ul><li>Solid Waste Management is a complete task requiring co-operation from all sections of </li></ul><ul><li>the society. </li></ul><ul><li>THANX </li></ul>

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