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Kiss Kick Digitisation
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Kiss Kick Digitisation

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Ed looks at best practice for those involved in small digitisation projects with challenging budgets. Considering how to set appropriate, but pragmatic project aims and quality standards and the ...

Ed looks at best practice for those involved in small digitisation projects with challenging budgets. Considering how to set appropriate, but pragmatic project aims and quality standards and the cheapest and easiest ways of attaining those goals. Reviewing the simple methods that can be used to digitise that still remain within our understandings of 'best practice'. Where can savings be made and where is a limited budget best concentrated.

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  • Do it once, do it right! Did not know about digital around the corner.
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • At this time 64Mb of Ram for the computer was £1800.00
  • Cameras have become the cheap part. Just looked at a GRAZ book cradle for 10,000euros or so.....but recommendation was for a sub 500Euro camera.
  • What happens if you just don’t have the money to do the job how you would like to do it... But still you do want to do it if you can.... Cutting your cloth to fit your budget as it were
  • There are quite a few projects that were set up to use very high quality images, but now find that for a large majority of the time most are only used at much lower qualities. It may also be that the type of project has changed, with all the pretty high quality workshops already gone
  • There are advantages.... But also problems IPTC still a nightmare XMP still not living up to what we hoped for.
  • Aim for small cost per image Large projects may require a larger original investement What is a Small amount for one project may be enormous for another.
  • Aim for small cost per image Large projects may require a larger original investement What is a Small amount for one project may be enormous for another.

Kiss Kick Digitisation Kiss Kick Digitisation Presentation Transcript

  • The ‘KISS’ & ‘KICK’ Approach to Digitisation A review of Simple & Cheap Digitisation With Ed I Bremner www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Introductions
    • Who I am & what I do
    • Ed I Bremner
    • www.bremweb.co.uk
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Going to look at...
    • A quick history of Digitisation
    • Setting Kiss & Kick Standards
    • The Hardware
    • The Image Management
    • The Workflow
    • In Practice
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • Pre-digital Systems:
    • Photographic Collections
    • Printed Catalogues
    • High contrast B&W microfiche
    • Full colour Microfilm
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • Early Digital Systems:
    • Normally based on Scanners
    • High quality possible, but slow
    • And possible conservation issues
    • Viable Digital Cameras by mid 90s
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • Early Small Digital Cameras were low in:
    • Image Quality
    • Image Size - consumer cameras <1Mpix
    • But high in:
    • Time taken – they were slow!
    • Difficulty to use
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • Studio Cameras became available by the mid 90s
    • Leaf DCBII camera back needed RGB filter wheel & built colour in 3 shots, so slow
    • 4 Mpx £25,000 for back
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • They got a lot better by the late 90s
    • Leaf Volare & Cantare camera back
    • 6 Mpx £18,000 for back
    • £25,000 for system
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • They got a lot better by the late 90s
    • Scanning Backs
    • Bigger file-size but slow
    • 30-40 Mpx £16-18,000 for back
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • But could we trust DSLRs?
    • Was colour quality an issue
    • 6Mpx £1,500 upwards for body <£5,000 for whole system possible
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • We found we could!
    • RAW capture helped
    • But are there data -preservation issues?
    • >12Mpx £500 upwards for body <£2,000 for whole system possible
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • But could we go further...and cheaper?
    • Could we use a small consumer compact?
    • >12Mpx £500 upwards for body <£2,000 for whole system possible
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media Maybe....Sometimes!
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • What holds us back?
    • Camera Res?
    • Lens quality?
    • Ease of use?
    • Speed?
    • Only JPEG?
    • Not consistent on manual control?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • A Timeline for Digitisation www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media Digitisation at Tyntesfield House - NT
  • A Timeline for Digitisation
    • Is a camera the only way?
    • Scanners still possible – for right job
    • Automatic Scanners may fit high-volume work
    • But:
    • Cameras are now cheaper & faster
    • Better for conservation
    • Much more versatile
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Rational Standards
    • If a job is worth doing....
    • ...is it worth doing badly?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Rational Standards
    • Once the advice was:
    • “ Doing it once? Do it right!”
    • But now it is often:
    • “ Make it good enough for now....we will come back if/when we have to”
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Rational Standards
    • What size images do we really need?
    • 95% of images used in print under A5
    • Most images for web use can be small
    • Often use may be internal only
    • Full Accuracy or Intellectual content
    • Only small part of collection frequently viewed
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Rational Standards
    • We know TIFF is best...
    • But Jpeg
      • Is remarkably good at high quality
      • Largest support
      • Still small, easy to use & wide-support
    • And RAW (DNG)
      • Offers better quality
      • Non-destructive editing
      • Fast workflow & smaller files
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • OK...Capturing the images can or may be cheap...
    • But, collecting data is still Expensive!
    • What do you really need?
    • What do you already have?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • So lets be pragmatic:
    • Collection is often indexed anyway...
    • Technical Imaging needs ‘may’ be minimal?
    • What we need is a link or bridge
    • Image Tagging - Are EXIF, IPTC & XMP enough?
    • What can’t be done with keywords?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • Consumer image management is now based on Image Tags & keywords.
    • Can we finally trust them?
    • What can you not do with a simple ‘Keywords’ approach?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • Consumer image management is now based on keywords and tags.
    • Can we finally trust them?
    • PC Power allows a brute-force approach to finding material
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • IMS Timeline
    • 1988-1996 Access, Filemaker etc
    • 1994-2002 Bespoke Client-Server IMS e.g. – iBase, Index +
    • 2000-2008 Off-the-Shelf IMS e.g. – Portfolio, Cumulus
    • 2007 - ? Tag Based IMS
    • e.g. – Adobe Lightroom
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • What other methods are there:
    • Image Recognition systems
    • Dirty-data systems
      • OCR
      • Community Based indexing
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • Do we need a separate IMS at all?
    • Collection Management Systems getting much better
    • Could file-name or UID provide a simple bridge to CMS
    • Could Image Tags work alone?
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Image Management
    • Workflow now becoming more integrated into the IMS
    • Particularly important with RAW capture
    • Some IMS even sold as ‘Workflow tools’
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Workflow
    • Fast is cheap!
    • Efficient workflow supports quality
    • Bottleneck should be governed by safe handling of items, not technical limitations
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Workflow
    • Encourage speed...but:
    • Check ALL work
    • Provide easy system to re-shoot
    • Keep the camera working
    • Keep safety of work & staff as paramount
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • RAW in the Workflow
    • There are pros & cons to working with RAW
    • But RAW is here to stay
    • Makes for simplest workflow
    • Is therefore fast....and cheap
    • But also provides best quality
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • RAW in the Workflow
    • The ‘Pros’ include:
    • Keeps ‘all’ original image data
    • Highest possible quality
    • Non-destructive editing
    • Easier storage - smaller image sizes
    • Integrates well with image tagging
    • Support for ‘Open’ file type - DNG
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • RAW in the Workflow
    • The ‘Cons’ include:
    • Harder to view – need specific plug-in
    • Can’t view in a browser
    • Digital Preservation issues:
      • Original RAW files are ‘proprietary’
      • Isn’t DNG an ‘Adobe’ file-type?
    • Patchy support from Funders
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • In Practice
    • Build a team:
    • Volunteers are cheaper
      • Encourage interest in the subject
      • Digitisation isn’t everyone’s cup of tea
    • Disperse the knowledge in wider group
    • Keep the kit working
    • Record Progress Visually & allow competition
    • Don’t allow operators to get bored
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • In Practice
    • Cost is comparative on size of project
    • Aim for small cost per image
    • The biggest expense is ‘time’
    • ‘ Quick’ normally equals ‘cheap’
    • The capture is the ‘cheap’ part
    • Indexing, Copyright clearance etc is where the money can go
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • In Practice
    • Project Management still important
    • Every thing must be written up
      • Project Standards
      • Capture Manual
      • Project Scope
    • Good Reporting is vital
      • Have realistic goals, but challenge them
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • The Caveats...
    • The Kiss & Kick approach is not for all!
    • Kiss & Kick is about being realistic, not about low quality aspirations
    • Some projects have specific needs & requirements – Stick to them
    • Fast is cheap, but may need some investment
    • These projects often need more documentation rather than less
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Finally
    • These approaches are becoming mainstream
    • Money for digitisation is tight!
    • So...
    • Kiss & Kick!
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media
  • Any Questions?
    • Ed I Bremner
    • [email_address]
    • www.bremweb.co.uk
    www.bremweb.co.uk – Training and Consultancy in New Media