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Open scholarship : a US research library view in 2014 – Jisc and CNI conference 10 July 2014

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Sarah Thomas, vice president for Harvard library, Harvard University

Sarah Thomas, vice president for Harvard library, Harvard University

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  • --create incentives like this: delivering stats to faculty; Liege-like policies in willing depts; gazette features linking to DASH articles; helping faculty at HKS notify their media center about new articles;
    --collaborate like this: HBS wants to do all HBS deposits itself; we support that and want other schools to follow suit; support for Scott’s work at HMS in connecting HMS process with NIH process
  • --support OA publishing at Harvard
    --Make DASH deposits as discoverable and useful as possible
    ..get DASH content included in search engines, CORE, DPLA, etc.
    --Help transform the structures, incentives, expectations, habits, culture of SC
    --Help faculty launch new journals
    --seek funding
    --build new tools (or improve existing tools) that would help us and others support OA



  • --SPH so high because SPH faculty deposit to PMC and we harvest back from PMC; it hasn’t yet begun to implement its policy
    --HMS same; it doesn’t have a policy yet
    --I’ll need help explaining the low rates at the 2-4 schools at the right end
  • These are the HOPE fund numbers since they are so tiny I figured it would be worth breaking them out here in the notes: FY10 $630, FY11 $3280, FY12 $4005, FY13 $12,358, Forecast and Budgets for FY14 and FY15 is $70,000.
  • --
  • --Scott has confirmed the HMS number
  • Despite several years of sustained efforts by publishers, scholarly societies, libraries, faculty members, and others to reform various aspects of the scholarly communications system, a fundamentally conservative set of faculty attitudes continues to impede systematic change. -conclusion of 4th Ithaka survey
  • Lewis, Gold OA is a disruptive influence and he predicts 90% of subscription journals will OA by 2025. College and Research Libraries, 2012, The Inevitability of Open Access.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Open Scholarship A U.S. Research Library View in 2014 Sarah E. Thomas Vice-President for the Harvard Library & Roy E. Larsen Librarian for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences
    • 2. Overview • Some historical perspective • What’s happening at Harvard • Other research libraries, other collaborations • Information policy developments • Benefits of Open Access • Impediments to Open Access • Some thoughts on the future
    • 3. An Historical Perspective
    • 4. Open Publishing at Harvard
    • 5. Office of Scholarly Communication Harvard Library ● Implement the open access (OA) policies at eight schools ○ Adopt ninth at Harvard Medical School ● Deposit new faculty articles in DASH, our open-access repository ○ Obtain file, check version, add metadata, verify license ● Advise faculty and other Harvard researchers ○ Offer education and assistance ● Work with other parts of the institution ○ Preserve DASH, collect data, create incentives, collaborate
    • 6. Developed, operate, and maintain DASH
    • 7. Office of Scholarly Communication -Broad mission ● Provide OA to the research output of Harvard, not just scholarly articles by faculty ○ genres beyond articles: theses, dissertations, books, data, presentations ○ researchers beyond faculty: staff, students, postdocs, fellows ● Offer education and assistance beyond the OA policies ○ on the benefits and opportunities of OA in general ○ on copyright, takedown notices, academic publishing ○ on what’s changing, how to adapt, opportunities to seize ● Advise and assist on access issues ○ to Harvard-based journals ○ to Harvard-based digitization projects ○ to other Harvard-based projects (HarvardX, FTLP, etc.) ● Represent Harvard on selected external initiatives ○ participate in relevant studies and projects (UC study, SHARE, COAPI, OSP); comment on relevant proposals; plan and co-host relevant conferences; collaborate with MIT and other institutions ● Maintain Harvard's leadership on OA and scholarly communication ○ by helping other universities adopt Harvard-style OA policies ○ by helping create a culture in which OA is the default for new research
    • 8. Established OA policies at Harvard 2/12/08 Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences 5/1/08 Harvard Law School 3/10/09 Harvard Kennedy School of Government 6/1/09 Harvard Graduate School of Education 2/12/10 Harvard Business School 11/15/10 Harvard Divinity School 3/20/11 Harvard Graduate School of Design 11/26/12 Harvard School of Public Health Soon: Harvard Medical School
    • 9. Helped develop OA policies elsewhere
    • 10. Shared our experience and that of partner institutions Endorsed by the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI), Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR), Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL), Enabling Open Scholarship (EOS), Mediterranean Open Access Network (MedOANet), Open Access Directory (OAD), Open Access Implementation Group (OAIG), Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS), Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), and SPARC
    • 11. Compact for open-access publishing equity (COPE)
    • 12. Harvard Open-Access Publishing Equity (HOPE)
    • 13. HOPE Fund • What publication venues are eligible? • The venue of publication must be an established open-access journal, that is, a journal that does not charge readers or their institutions for unfettered access to the peer-reviewed articles that it publishes. • Journals with a hybrid open-access model or delayed open-access model are not eligible. To be eligible, a journal must meet these additional requirements: • Be listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (unless the journal is too new for DOAJ eligibility), • Be a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association or adhere to its Code of Conduct, • Have publicly available a standard article fee schedule, • Have a policy to substantially waive fees in case of economic hardship.
    • 14. Spearheads submission and distribution of ETDs ● Full-text to DASH (for OA), DRS (for preservation), and soon to Acme (for printing) ● Records to Hollis
    • 15. Provides Copyright Leadership ● Kyle Courtney, OSC copyright advisor ● Advises ● Developed Copyright First Responders Program ● Organized the country’s first Fair Use Week (February 24-28, 2014) ● Testified ○ before Congress on fair use ○ before the Copyright Office on orphan works and mass digitization
    • 16. Harvard OSC Future Work ● Finishing the roll-out of the ETDs@Harvard across the University ● OA policy at HMS ○ 1,200 new papers/month from HMS alone, tripling the OSC load from 2013 ○ opportunity for a University-wide OA policy ● OA mandates from US Depts of Labor, Education, and HHS ○ similar to current policy from NIH ● OA mandates coming from about two dozen federal agencies ○ these will apply to both texts and data ● Preserving DASH in DRS2 ● Coordinating with Dataverse ○ to facilitate deposit of data ○ to integrate open texts (in DASH) with open data (in Dataverse) ● Participating in new standards and projects, e.g. ORCID, PIRUS, OAI-ORE, OARJ, SHARE, support for open licenses
    • 17. Open Access Monographs and the Academy • AAU-ARL Task Force on Scholarly Communications • Knowledge Unlatched • HathiTrust-Print Monographs Archive • Andrew W. Mellon Foundation • University Press-Library Collaborations – Harvard – Pitt – Cornell
    • 18. Hathi Trust
    • 19. SHARE • In response to the February 2013 White House directive on public access to federally funded research and data, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) have proposed a SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE). The three associations envision SHARE as a network of digital repositories at universities, libraries, and other research institutions across the US that will provide long-term public access to federally funded research articles and data. ARL, AAU, and APLU welcome wide community input throughout the forthcoming steps of conducting a formal feasibility study, governance building, and implementation.
    • 20. Federally Funded Research Open Access
    • 21. OA @ Tipping Point • Budapest OA Initiative, Bethesda, Berlin Declaration • Coalitions: SPARC • Information Policy Development • Funder Mandates: National Institutes of Health (PubMedCentral), Wellcome, National Science Foundation • Sponsorship (Arcadia, Mellon, Open Society Institute, Sloan) • Tools for dissemination: Internet, Apps, FEDORA, DSPACE, mobile technology
    • 22. Factors Impeding OA • Promotion and Tenure Policies • Disciplinary norms and cultures • Conflicting Interests of Scholarly Societies • Publisher Interests • Disconnected repositories, lack of suitable, sustainable infrastructure • Embargoes • Insufficient understanding of copyright and licenses • No Easy Button • 1000 flowers blooming
    • 23. WhatSocietiesReallyThinkAbout OpenAccess PostedbyAliceMeadows⋅Jun25,2014⋅ Scholarly Kitchen
    • 24. Growth of Gold:
    • 25. Only 15 % of researchers surveyed by Ithaka had deposited their paper in an IR
    • 26. Open Data
    • 27. A Few Observations on the Future • Academics need to drive change by choosing to publish in OA journals. • Librarians can facilitate this change and develop new roles by hosting OA journals and books • It will be at least a decade before libraries will be able to redirect materials budgets away from subscription journals to a substantial corpus of OA material. • The pull of Open Access is strong and irresistible.
    • 28. Lewis Sees a Pot of Gold