Transcript of "JISC11_Cloud Solutions Henry Hughes"
Migrating to Cloud Services Henry Hughes
A Changing Approach• “Too many universities operate in an outdated way. They’ve failed to recognise the savings and service improvements that could be obtained through engagement with commercial partners and the use of shared services…” Higher Education in the Age of Austerity
Sector Financial Drivers2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-1516.7 16.5 15.6 14.7 13.7• Department of Business, Innovation and Skills – 25% reduction over 4 years• HE Teaching budget cut by 40% over 4 years. – £2.9bn (£7.1-£4.2bn)• FE Teaching budget cut by 25% over 4 years. – £1.1bn• Departments merging, funding difficult to access• Funding Councils changing funding methodologies
Campus Drivers– Focus on cost reduction and service improvement • Data Centers can use >10% of power for an entire campus– Carbon Reduction Commitment • Impact organisations with energy usage >6,000MWh and will increase each year • Additional carbon-related taxation is likely– Real estate becoming more valuable for other activities– Problems provisioning additional power in some areas
What is Cloud Computing?• Helpful NIST Definition Characteristics Service Models Deployment Models On-demand self-service Software as a service Private Cloud Broad network access Platform as a service Community Cloud Resource pooling Infrastructure as a service Public Cloud Rapid elasticity Hybrid Cloud Measured Service
Government Cloud“The Government is currently developing proposals for G-Cloud.This cloud computing infrastructure will enable public bodies toselect and host ICT services from a secure, resilient and cost-effective shared environment.” – Cabinet OfficeAims –• Reduction of ICT costs• Improve government services and agility through use of ICT• Reduction of carbon footprint due to Government ICT services• Improve data centre services• Align with other Government thinking
Cloud? High IT Delivered commodity “As a service” Demand IT DeliveredUbiquity product Move to commodisiation “As a product” erodes value of the old (Schumpeter – creative destruction) accelerating new innovation… bespoke Innovation Improvement Low Low High Certainty
Is it that easy?• Significant investment in customised in-house systems, means moving external is not simple• Total cost of ownership is often not known, elements within with IT, Estates and Finance functions• Costing of IT services is a difficult task involving three interacting variables: people, processes and technology.• Making reliable estimates of potential cost savings is difficult• There are concerns over data security and privacy• There are uncertainties regarding data location and legal risks• There are uncertainties with regard to changes to security models
Risks in Cloud Computing• Useful paper “Putting Cloud security in perspective” from CapgeminiCompliance Multi-tenancy Lock-in AvailabilityData Protection Act Shared storage or Difficult for PaaS Cloud servicesPCI-DSS compute resource likely to offer more Possible route for resilienceData hosted abroad Provider Security SaaS(US Patriot Act) What are existing Flexibility & value Market needs to services achieving?Safe Harbour balanced against develop in this areaAgreement security risk How safe is your data currently?
Service layers People Organisation Client device Interconnecting network JANET Cloud Software-aaSSoftware Application software Infrastructure Platform Platform-aaS software Operating system Infrastructure-aaS Infrastructure Virtulisation Servers Networking & Firewalling Data centre
Brokerage• Guiding themes – Enabling re-use/re-sale of existing provision & capacity – Identifying new models and opportunities – Supporting adoption of new technologies & models – Supporting organisations and keeping autonomy with institutions – Promoting interoperability, open standards and data formats – De-risking new models and services (SLA’s, T&Cs, governance) – Creating an effective competitive market for suppliers – Enabling new projects, developments, and shared services
Identify Pilots Timescales Anticipated Service Start Create Prototype Projects Prove Deliver wider scale (with Commercial Suppliers) concepts Build Prototypes Migrate Prototypes (to service) (with sector organisations) Create Environment Build Digital Marketplace Diligence on existing areas Diligence on new areas Build Sustainability ModelJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May …
Seeking Pilot Sites• Looking for universities / colleges that: – Are looking to develop/move their data centres – Have already adopted off campus data centre / cloud services – Are looking to adopt campus data centre / cloud type services – Are looking to provide campus data centre / cloud services – Are negotiating with commercial providers on campus data centre / cloud services
Conclusions• There are opportunities for significant cost and efficiency savings to be made• The risks need to be understood in context of the service being purchased and need to be set in the context of the risks to existing services
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