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Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
Overview of Health Promotion
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Overview of Health Promotion

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  • Individually based health education programs had failed to impact health of the public WHO- late 1970’s – converged social medicine, public health, and self care Ottawa– “new public health movement” – wider primary care and community development processes 1990’s- equating health education and health promotion--- are they the same? 2000’s– shift from a focus on life style to more structuralist concerns Relationship between health promotion and public health Broader approaches now- fiscal, ecological, cultural factors “ environmental engineering” New terms– population health, primary health care , community development Updates- Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalised world Globalization of health through national capacity Whitehead , 2009
  • General Health Status Health-Related Quality of Life and Well-Being Determinants of Health Disparities 39
  • Transcript

    • 1. Overview of Health Promotion January, 2012 Joan Kub
    • 2. Objectives
      • To define the concept of health
      • Describe three levels of prevention
      • To differentiate health education from health promotion
      • Differentiate primary care from primary health care
      • Discuss the historical development of health promotion
      • Describe the spectrum of prevention
    • 3.  
    • 4.  
    • 5. What is health?
    • 6. Clinical Dimensio n
      • Absence of signs or symptoms of disease or disability
      • Illness extreme
      • Presence of signs and symptoms
      • Physiologic systems with interrelated functions
    • 7. Role performance dimension
      • Performance of social roles
      • Failure in performance of roles
      • Adds social and psychological standards
    • 8. Adaptive dimension
      • Flexible adaptation to the environment
      • Alienation of the person from environment
      • Ability to adjust and cope
    • 9. Eudaimonistic dimension
      • Exuberant well-being
      • Health is condition of actualization and realization of potential
      • Goals, positive self-concept, body image, involvement, harmony
    • 10. What is Health Promotion and Disease Prevention?
    • 11. Levels of Prevention
      • Primary
      • Secondary
      • Tertiary
    • 12. Primary Prevention
      • Interventions carried out before a response or disease occurs; avoidance of an illness through health promotion activities and specific protective actions( nutrition, hygiene, immunizations)
    • 13. Secondary & Tertiary Prevention
      • Secondary
      • Focuses on the detection of symptoms and support of a positive reaction to an illness
      • Early treatment
      • Tertiary
      • Involved with an illness and assisting an individual to achieve some stability.
      • Purpose is to limit disability and to rehabilitate
    • 14. Health Promotion
      • Process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health
      • Umbrella term that includes disease prevention, improvement of health, and enhancing well-being
      • Focus: Protection and Promotion
    • 15. Historical Aspects of Health Promotion
      • Term was coined in mid-1970’s in Canada
      • WHO Health for All strategy- Alma Ata Declaration, 1978
      • 1986- Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
      • WHO-2004– Promoting Mental Health
    • 16. Principles of Health Promotion
      • Focus on health not illness
      • Empowering clients
      • Recognizing that health is multidimensional
      • Acknowledging that health is influenced by factors outside individual control
    • 17. Consider
      • Diseases and conditions
      • Lifestyles (smoking, unhealthy eating, drug use)
      • Wider social issues (poverty, housing, pollution)
      • Professional practice issues (evaluation, funding, shortages)
    • 18. Other aspects of Health Promotion
      • Socioenvironmental Approach-interconnectedness of individual and environments
      • Societal/Policy Approach—equity, power, and scope
    • 19. Primary Health care
      • Is essential health care;
      • Based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable methods and technology;
      • Universally accessible to all in the community through their full participation;
      • At an affordable cost; and
      • Geared toward self reliance and self-determination (WHO, 1978)
    • 20. Eight Essential Elements of PHC
      • Education for the identification and prevention/control of prevailing health problems
      • Proper food supplies and nutrition
      • Safe water and sanitation
      • Maternal child health including family planning
      • Immunizations against major infectious diseases; prevention and control of endemic diseases
      • Appropriate treatment of common diseases
      • Promotion of mental health
      • Provision of essential drugs
    • 21. Where does social justice fit into the equation?
      • Adams and Armstrong (1996) see that the concept of health promotion needs constantly to be contrasted against a medical reductionist model towards a more appropriate model of health integral to and a result of social justice. Whitehead, 2009
      • Health for All (1978) was based on the principles of equity and social justice
    • 22. Spectrum of Prevention?
    • 23. The Spectrum of Prevention
      • Influencing policy and legislation
      Changing organizational practices Fostering coalitions and networks Educating providers Promoting community education Strengthening individual knowledge and skills
    • 24. Integrative Nursing
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9vE6tAtPVI
    • 25. Self Study of Healthy People 2020
      • What are the four foundation health measures that will be used to monitor progress?
      • What is new for Healthy People 2020?
      • Find your area of particular interest –look at overview and objectives.
    • 26. References
      • Declaration of Alma–Ata-http://www.who.int/publications/almaata_declaration_en.pdf
      • Healthy People 2020 http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/default.aspx
      • Naidoo, J. & Wills, J. (2005) Public health and health promotion. Edinburgh: Bailliere Tindall
      • Whitehead, D. (2009). Reconciling the differences between health promotion in nursing and ‘general’ health promotion: A discussion paper. International Journal of Nursing Studies, doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2008.12.014.

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