RESULTS OF THE PHILIPPINEAMERICAN WAR
•Philippine-American war resulted in great loss of lives
and decreased economic productivity which
affected the whole population, rich and poor alike.
•The Filipinos desire for independence was crushed for
the second time.
•The peasant’s dream to own land was frustrated both
by the Filipino elite and the Americans.
•The countries only victory or gain
from this cruel war was the birth of
the PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENT
•GENERAL FRANKLIN BELL-took
charge of the bloody campaign in
THE DISPOSITION OF THE FRIAR LANDS
•First phase of the revolution (1896-1898 against Spain)
•Second phase (1898-1902 against the U.S)
•GOVERNOR TAFT- negotiated the Vatican for the forced
sale of the states to the U.S.
•On 1905-the U.S completed the purchase of the lands from
the Vatican for $ 6.9 m.
FILIPINIZATION OF THE CHURCH
•AGLIPAYAN CHURCH (Iglesia Filipina Independiente)is a great extent story of the struggle of the Filipino clergy
to Filipinize the catholic church in the Philippines.
•FATHER GREGORIO AGLIPAY-a Filipino secular priest
who sympathized with Spain to persuade the
•BERNARDINO NOZALEDA- urged Aglipay to
investigate the condition of the parishes there.
AGLIPAY BECOMES MILITARY VICAR
•Revolutionary Government, in 1898-recognized
the validity of civil marriage.
•October 20,1898-Aguinaldo appointed Aglipay
military Vicar General.
•Aglipay –was the religious leader of the
NOZALEDA EXCOMMUNICATES AGLIPAY
•Aglipay’s position in the Catholic Church and in the
Revolutionary Government was anomalous.
•Aglipay choose to be Filipino first.
•Aglipay suggested the creation of a council (cabildo), to
asked the Pope to appoint Filipinos to all Church positions.
•On October 22,1898-he urged the Filipino priests to
organized themselves to occupy all vacant parishes.
MABINI AND THE NATIONAL CHURCH
Being a patriot and a nationalist, Mabini who
no longer held a Government position was
vacationing in Rosales, Pangasinan, where
he issued a manifesto on October 22, 1899
urging the Filipino priest to establish a
THE NATIONAL CHURCH
• October 23, 1899
-Aglipay called a meeting of Filipino priest
at Paniqui Tarlac.
- Aglipay said that the Catholic Church in
the Philippines should be Filipinized.
OPPOSITION TO FILIPINIZATION
Monsignor Placido Chapelle
-An American, arrived in Manila . Instead
of sympathizing with the Filipino priests, he
announced that those who opposed the
Spanish friars were the enemies of Religion,
and public order.
-He also said that the heads of
Revolutionary leaders should be chopped off.
THE SEPARATION FROM ROME
The two Filipino Priest in Rome, that appeared
before the pope and told his holiness about the
problem of the Filipino clergy.
2. Salustiano Araullo
• Isabelo de los Reyes
- Filipino writer and scholar in Spain.
- He founded the first labor union in the Philippines
on July, 1901.
- That he called Union Obrera Democratica
(Democratic Labor Union).
- He suggested the stablishment of a Filipino Church
Independent of Rome, with Aglipay as the Supreme
-The suggestion was loudly proclaimed by those
present and the new Church was called Iglesia
Filipina Independiente (Phil. Independent Church)
- The founding of the church is the separation from
CONVERTS TO THE NEW CHURCH
Isabelo de los Reyes made a list of what he
considered to be sympathizers of the new church. He
included Fernando Ma. Guerrero, Martin Ocampo,
Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, Manuel Artigas,
Adriano Garces, George Barlin, Manuel Roxas,
Toribio Domingues, and others.
De los Reyes was dissapointed for he thought that
those men he listed as sympathizers of the new
church would join it.
The end of 1902, 14 Filipino priest affiliated with the
ATTEMPS TO WIN BACK AGLIPAY
Aglipay was irritated upon learning that he was
proclaim Supreme Bishop of the new Church.
He was at the time conferring with a Spanish
Jesuit in the Jesuit house at Santa Ana, Manila.
He was invited to a conference at the Jesuit
House through Leon Ma. Guerrero and Joaquin
Father Francisco Foradada, S.J.
-A Spanish author of a book in the Phil. He
persuade Aglipay to return to the Catholic
On the 5th day of the conference between
Aglipay and Foradada, the latter asked
Aglipay to sign a document which was a
confession of a Catholic Church
Foradada’s promise to make him Bishop or
Archbishop, if he would sign the document.
He seized the priest by the back of the neck
and shook him violently.
Aglipay left the Jesuit in anger.
CONSECRATION OF AGLIPAY AS BISHOP
October 1, 1902
-He presided over the meeting of the council
which was summoned to frame a constitution
for the new church
•October 26, 1902
- He celebrated his first mass as Supreme
•January 18, 1903
- He was consecrated Supreme Bishop by the
Bishops of Cagayan, Pangasinan, Isabela,
Abra, Nueva Ecija, Cavite and Manila.
-He was now the Supreme Bishop of the new
church, that he invited by the Jesuits to the
house of F.Theo Rogers (Publisher of the Phil.
•Father Joaquin Villalonga
- A kind and energetic missionary.
•Rev. Fr. Santiago Fonacier
- Refused to return the Roman Catholic fold.
The Iglesia Filipina Independiente
-Popularly known as the Aglipayan Church.
•The Founding of the Phil. Independent
Church, Aglipay and his companions
actualized a centuries-old goal of vibrant and
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