Stephen Fuller Austin known as the „Father of Texas” led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by settlers from the Unites States. The capital city, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, as well a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor.
Stephen F. Austin was born in the mining regiony od southwestern Virginia. He was second child of Moses Austin and Mary Brown, the first, Eliza Austin, having lived only one month. On June 8 1798, When He was four years old, his Family moved forty miles West of the Mississippi River to the lead mining region in present-day Missouri. His Father Moses Austin received a Sitio from the Spanish government for the mining site of Mine a Breton. His Father lobbied the territorial legislature to create the country of Washington and locate the new country seat At the town He created.
When Austin was eleven years old, his Family sent him to be educated At Bacon Academy in Colchester. He finished studies in 1810 years. After graduating in Kentucky, Austin began studying to be lawyer, At age twenty one years. As a member of the territorial legislature, be was influential in obtaining a charter fot the struggling Bank of St. Louis.
In his absence, a number of events propelled the colonists toward confrontation with Santa Anna’s centralist government. After learning of the Disturbances At Anahuac and Velasco in the summer of 1835, an enraged Santa Anna’s made rapid prepartions for the Mexican army to sweep Anglo settlers from Texas. War began in earnest in October 1835 At Gonzales. The Republic Texas, created by a new constitution on March 2, 1836.
On October 28, 1836, Houston confirmed Austin as secretary of State by the Texas senate. In December of 1836 Austin was in the new capital of Columbia (now known as West Columbia) where He caught a severe cold; his condition worsened. Doctors were called in, but could not help him. Austin died of pneumonia At noon on December 27, 1836, At the home of George B. McKinstry. Austin’s last words were „The independence of Texas is recognized! Don’t you see it in the papers?” Upon hearing of Austin’s Death, Houston ordered an official statement proclaiming: „The Father of Texas is no more; the first pioneer of the wilderness has departed.” Austin’s body was re-interred in 1910 in the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas.
Nacogdoches, Texas is the home of Stephen F. Austin State University
Austin, Texas is named after Stephen F. Austin
There is a statue of Stephen Austin in the U.S. Capitol Building. He and Sam Houston are the only two people represented from the State of Texas in the Building. Both statues are sculpted by German immigrant Elisabet Ney . Each U.S. state is allowed to submit two statues.