Poland and Hungary - history matters


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Poland and Hungary - history matters

  1. 1. Poland and Hungary – things we have in common
  2. 2. <ul><li>Polish dynasties on the Hungarian throne </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>THE PIAST DYNASTY </li></ul>
  4. 4. Elizabeth was a daughter of the Polish King, Vladislav Lokietek; wife of the Hungarian King – Charles Robert and mother of Louis Angevin – the King of Hungary and Poland.
  5. 5. <ul><li>THE JAGIELLONIAN DYNASTY </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Valdislav was named after his father, the founder of the dynasty. Vladislav was the king of Hungary and Poland. He died at the age of 20, fighting with the Turks near Varna, that is why he is called Vladislav of Varna. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Another Hungarian king was also Vladislav – he came to the throne after the death of Marcin Korwin. He is known as ‘king yes’ because he tended to agree easily to everyting. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Louis II was weak just like his father. He was killed during the battle with Turks in 1526. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hungarian dynasties on the Polish throne </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>THE ANGEVIN DYNASTY </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Vysehrad Castle </li></ul><ul><li>The Polish King, Casimir the Great, and the Hungarian king Charles Robert, met in the Vysehrad Castle in 1339. Casimir wanted prince Louis to be his heir in case if he would die childless. He didn’t suspect that Louis would become a Polish King. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Louis, is called in Hungary The Great. However, in Poland his reign wasn’t very special at all, because he was too busy in Hungary to take care of his second kingdom. Unfortunately, he bribed the Polish gentry with some privileges because he wanted to leave the throne to one of his daughters. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Jadwiga, the youngest daughter of Louis, was meant to be a queen one day. That’s why she was very educated, could speak several languages, appreciated art and science. She proved to be not only a perfect queen but also a very sensitive woman. She helped the poor and got involved in charity. She was announced a saint in 1997. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>THE BATHORY DYNASTY </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>In 1576 Stephen Bathory, the Prince of Transylvania, became a King of Poland. He modernized the army, education and judiciary. During his reign Hungarian and Turkish influences became very visible in the Polish army, fashion and language. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Bathory loved warfare. He defeated Ivan IV, the Russian Tzar and dreamt about victory over the Turks. However, his sudden death didn’t let him fulfill his dream. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Historical figures </li></ul>
  18. 18. Józef Bem <ul><li>He was the artillery commander during the November Uprising in Poland and the commander-in-chief of the Hungarian Revolt in 1848-1849. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Saint Kinga <ul><li>She was a daughter of the Hungarian King, Bela IV, and wife of the Polish Prince, Boleslav. According to the legend, she brought Hungarian miners to Poland, who found salt in Bochnia and Wieliczka. She became a saint in 1999. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Hungarian influences in Poland </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Kontusz </li></ul><ul><li>Żupan </li></ul><ul><li>(kinds of </li></ul><ul><li>garment) </li></ul><ul><li>Hungarian sword </li></ul><ul><li>Cavalry </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Visegrad Group (V4) is an alliance of four Central Europe countries: Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. V4 countries work together and support each other in various important political and economic issues. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Polak, Węgier, dwa bratanki, i do szabli, i do szklanki Lengyel, Magyar – két jó barát, együtt harcol, s issza borát <ul><li>This proverb can be found in Polish and in Hungarian as well as . It means that Polish and Hungarian people are similar. The 23rd of March is the day of Polish and Hungarian Friendship. </li></ul>