eTwinning “Music connecting people” NATIONAL MUSIC PORTRAIT Catalonia
1. Catalan culture First of all, we would like to make a short explanation about Catalonia . As most of you know, Catalonia is part of Spain, situated in the North-east, on the Mediterranian sea. Although it's not a country itself, it has its own culture (history, language, music...). So that's why we are going to talk about Catalan music, and not Spanish music, which is quite different.
History of Catalan music Before the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) popular catalan music was almost non-existent, it was only alive in some rural areas. And during the Franco regime, this situation went worse, until the disappearance of catalan music. Around 1955- 1960 some singers and groups emerge to get back the catalan music. As an anecdote, one of those singers, Serrat, also started to sing in Spanish, and he was sent to Eurovision, but when he said he would sing in Catalan, Masiel was sent there instead of him, and his music was forbidden for some years. On 1970 , the catalan songs are used to stand up to Francoism, and some of these songs are forbbiden. While the Franco's dead is getting closer, catalan music is gettint more important. TV's, radios and reviews, get interested for Catalan music. On 1986 starts the “Rock català”, which will be very listened and followed by young people until nowadays.
2. Catalan modern music 2.1 POP-ROCK: Sopa de Cabra, Els Pets, Sau, Lax'n'Busto, Gossos. 2.2 POP: Els amics de les arts, Manel. 2.3 SINGER-SONGWRITERS (from the claiming for the Catalan culture): Lluís Llach, Joan Manuel Serrat, Albert Plà 2.4 SKA:Obrint Pas 2.5 REGGAE:Microbio 2.6: RAP, HIP-HOP: (We listen to Spanish or English Rap and Hip-Hop) 2.7 RUMBA: Dusminguet, La troba kung-fu, Gertrudis, La Pegatina. In the Catalan modern music you can find several styles. Here we will make a list of the most famous ones, with a link to a video.
2.1 Pop-Rock Sopa de Cabra: Camins , L'empordà Els Pets: Bon dia , Bona nit Sau: Boig per tu Lax'n'Busto: Llença't Gossos: Corren Gossos Lax'n'Busto Sau Els Pets Sopa de cabra
2.2 Pop Els amics de les arts (Folk-pop): L'home que treballa fent de gos , A vegades Manel: En la que el Bernat se't troba , La gent normal
2.3 Singer-songwriters Lluís Llach: L'estaca (anti-fracoism song) Joan Manuel Serrat: Cantares , Mediterráneo (Spanish songs) Jaume Sisa: Qualsevol nit pot sortir el sol Ovidi Montllor: Homenatge a Teresa
2.4 Ska / 2.5 Reggae / 2.6 Rap, Hip-hop / 2.7 Rumba 2.4 SKA: Obrint Pas (València): Som 2.5 REGGAE: Microbio: Masses mentides 2.6: RAP, HIP-HOP: 2.7 RUMBA: Dusminguet: El teu amor La pegatina: Penjat , I digueu Gertrudis: Samarreta La troba kung-fu: Cançó del lladre , Calor La troba Kung-fú Obrint Pas
3. Catalan popular music The last 20 years, lots of Catalan Traditional Music groups have born. And most of them are playing music which is able to be danced in couples or group. Here you can find some of these groups: La Portàtil FM Sol i Serena: Salsa verda , El Tet del vi La Carrau (modern versions of traditional songs): De matí La Portàtil FM Sol i Serena
THE END He hope that you enjoyed our presentation!!! If you have any questions, don't hesitate and ask! We will be happy to answer you. The Catalan team