Music culture portrait of Cyprus

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Music culture portrait of Cyprus

  1. 1. <ul><li>Music Culture Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul><ul><li>CYPRUS </li></ul>
  2. 2. The music of the island of Cyprus is very strongly connected with the musical traditions of Ancient Greece, the Byzantine Empire and the Greek islands. Furthermore, Cyprus can be classified as one of the several cultural areas of the Greek civilization.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Cyprus, part of the Greek history and totally affected by it in language, religion, civilization, maintained through the centuries its own music tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>During the efforts to maintain </li></ul><ul><li>the tradition, the Cyprus </li></ul><ul><li>nation had to encounter </li></ul><ul><li>several conquerors: </li></ul><ul><li>Persians, Phoenicians, </li></ul><ul><li>Ptolemies, Romans, Franks, </li></ul><ul><li>Venetians, Turks, British </li></ul><ul><li>who never managed </li></ul><ul><li>to modulate cypriot civilization </li></ul><ul><li>which was maintained harmless </li></ul><ul><li>throughout the centuries. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Homer proclaims and avers all the </li></ul><ul><li>previously mentioned, describing song </li></ul><ul><li>contests among other contests (dance, </li></ul><ul><li>athletics) which were taking place in </li></ul><ul><li>worship ceremonies on the name of </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite goddess, named under </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Aphrodisia&quot;. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Nowadays, this festivity is continued in the so called &quot;Cataclysm Day&quot; or &quot;Holy Spirit Day&quot; celebrations,  were &quot;tsiattista&quot; (cyprus traditional poems and songs) contests take place. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Medieval music </li></ul><ul><li>Cypr us was an </li></ul><ul><li>important outpost </li></ul><ul><li>of Christianity and </li></ul><ul><li>European civilization </li></ul><ul><li>during the Crusades. </li></ul><ul><li>The tumultuous </li></ul><ul><li>history of Cyprus </li></ul><ul><li>introduced a variety </li></ul><ul><li>of styles, including </li></ul><ul><li>Fr ench and Turkish . </li></ul><ul><li>The island's peak as </li></ul><ul><li>a cultural capital of </li></ul><ul><li>Europe occurred from </li></ul><ul><li>1359 to 1432. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Renaissance music </li></ul><ul><li>A key-figure of that </li></ul><ul><li>era was Ieronimos o </li></ul><ul><li>Tragodistis </li></ul><ul><li>(Hieronymus the Cantor), </li></ul><ul><li>a Cypriot student of </li></ul><ul><li>Gioseffo Zarlino, who </li></ul><ul><li>flourished around 1571 </li></ul><ul><li>and, among others, </li></ul><ul><li>proposed a system that </li></ul><ul><li>enabled medieval </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine chant to </li></ul><ul><li>correspond to the current </li></ul><ul><li>contrapuntal practices via </li></ul><ul><li>the cantus firmus paraphrase. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Cyprus traditional music </li></ul><ul><li>Quite a few influences occurred from the conquerors, </li></ul><ul><li>but Cypriots maintain their Greek character, rejecting </li></ul><ul><li>foreign elements and more specifically regarding </li></ul><ul><li>musical instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>Cyprus traditional music was spread from mouth to mouth, from </li></ul><ul><li>singing to whistling, from flute to 'thampura' or 'pandourida‘ or </li></ul><ul><li>'tampouras' through social and religious ceremonies. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>‘ Zournas' and 'toumperlekki' is </li></ul><ul><li>overlapped by 'pithkiavli’. </li></ul><ul><li>Through the centuries, Cyprus traditional melody </li></ul><ul><li>needed to be accompanied by a polyphonic </li></ul><ul><li>instrument, therefore lute and soloist violin were added </li></ul><ul><li>as well later on. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Unfortunately, due to economic reasons, the </li></ul><ul><li>cypriot traditional orchestra remained poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, we have 'zygia' (violin-lute) to wonder </li></ul><ul><li>around in weddings and any held </li></ul><ul><li>manifestations. </li></ul><ul><li>'Pithkiavli', 'tampouras' and </li></ul><ul><li>'tampoutsia' </li></ul><ul><li>were put on the sidelines due to the reason that the plate money would have to be shared to numerous musicians...and the types of musicians vary until nowadays. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cyprus popular tradition rely on those people exactly because their motivation is to serve the Muse with no personal or other benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>These are the musicians who respect the heritage they received and their goal is its enrichment. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>CYPRIOT DANCES </li></ul><ul><li>Cypriot men used to dance mostly during </li></ul><ul><li>wedding festivities an holidays, but also </li></ul><ul><li>in coffee-houses in the evenings, on </li></ul><ul><li>threshing-floors, and wherever men </li></ul><ul><li>gathered together. </li></ul><ul><li>Social convention </li></ul><ul><li>restricted occasions </li></ul><ul><li>when women danced </li></ul><ul><li>mainly at weddings. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>MEN DANCES </li></ul><ul><li>Dancers perform opposite one another, </li></ul><ul><li>usually within their own limited space, </li></ul><ul><li>but sometimes changing place with their </li></ul><ul><li>partner. The position and movement of </li></ul><ul><li>the arms, normally held out at the sides, </li></ul><ul><li>are quite distinctive. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>WOMEN DANCES </li></ul><ul><li>Women are restrained and grave when dancing. Many dance </li></ul><ul><li>almost without moving from one spot, on a single piece of </li></ul><ul><li>marble,each marking out a square explicitly her own. </li></ul><ul><li>The arms assume various positions. </li></ul><ul><li>First one and then both hands are held against the&quot;koxan&quot;, the </li></ul><ul><li>hip, the free one hanging down or being gently flourished at shoulder height. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>CYPRUS SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA </li></ul><ul><li>The Cyprus Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1987 under the </li></ul><ul><li>Auspices of the Ministry of Education and Culture as Cyprus Chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestra. It was renamed to Cyprus Symphony Orchestra in 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>It has collaborated with many famous foreign and Cypriot musicians such </li></ul><ul><li>as Vladimir Ashkenazy, Placido Domingo, Arto Noras, Cyprien Katsaris, </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Gallois, Layslo Fenyö, Alison Balsom, David Cohen, Edward </li></ul><ul><li>Higginbottom , Marios Papadopoulos and Martinos Tirimos. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>CYPRUS YOUTH SYMPHONY </li></ul><ul><li>ORCHESTRA </li></ul><ul><li>The Cyprus Youth Symphony Orchestra was founded </li></ul><ul><li>in1987 together with the </li></ul><ul><li>Cyprus State Chamber </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestra and until 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>functioned under the </li></ul><ul><li>auspices of the Ministry </li></ul><ul><li>of Education and Culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Since the establishment of </li></ul><ul><li>the Cyprus Symphony Orchestra Foundation in 2007, </li></ul><ul><li>it has been incorporated under their umbrella. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Notable classical music composers </li></ul><ul><li>Nicolas Economou </li></ul><ul><li>Solon Michaelides </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Famous pianists with international career. </li></ul><ul><li>Martinos Tirimos </li></ul><ul><li>Kyprianos Katsaris </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Famous contemporary song composers </li></ul><ul><li>Marios Giorgos </li></ul><ul><li>Tokas Theofanous </li></ul><ul><li>Lia </li></ul><ul><li>Vissi </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Famous singers and songwriters </li></ul><ul><li>Anna Michalis </li></ul><ul><li>Vissi Hadjiyiannis </li></ul><ul><li>Alkinoos </li></ul><ul><li>Ioannides </li></ul>

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