Jagiellonian dynastyJagiellonian dynasty
descended fromdescended from
Jagiełło – king ofJagiełło – king of
and Grand Duke ofand Grand Duke of
During its best period itDuring its best period it
has an area of overhas an area of over
2 000 000 km²,2 000 000 km²,
which made it onewhich made it one
of the most dynasties ofof the most dynasties of
Władysław IIWładysław II
Son of Kazimierz IVSon of Kazimierz IV
came to the throne ofcame to the throne of
Bohemia (1471)Bohemia (1471)
and Hungary (1490),and Hungary (1490),
originated theoriginated the
Czech-and -HungarianCzech-and -Hungarian
of the Jagiellonian dynastyof the Jagiellonian dynasty
who died off in 1526who died off in 1526..
The last one of the family wasThe last one of the family was
Ludwik II Jagiellończyk,Ludwik II Jagiellończyk,
who was killed during the battlewho was killed during the battle
of Mohacz, trying toof Mohacz, trying to
stop the Turkish army.stop the Turkish army.
As a result of his death HungaryAs a result of his death Hungary
was divided into three partswas divided into three parts
and lost its independence.and lost its independence.
The power of the JagiellonianThe power of the Jagiellonian
dynasty ended then.dynasty ended then.
When did Czech and SlovaksWhen did Czech and Slovaks
overthrew the communistoverthrew the communist
political system in their countrypolitical system in their country??
The year1989 was unusual.The year1989 was unusual.
‘Autumn of Peoples’‘Autumn of Peoples’
Started then. Countries ofStarted then. Countries of
East Central EuropeEast Central Europe
Started their liberationStarted their liberation
from the influence of thefrom the influence of the
Soviet Union and theSoviet Union and the
communist systemcommunist system
That process was started byThat process was started by
Poles in 1980. MasPoles in 1980. Mas
‘‘Solidarity’ with LechSolidarity’ with Lech
Walesa as its leader.Walesa as its leader.
In Czechoslovakia – revolution which wasIn Czechoslovakia – revolution which was
to make the communism collapse lastedto make the communism collapse lasted
about 10 days. It started onabout 10 days. It started on
17 November 1989. On that day peaceful17 November 1989. On that day peaceful
demonstration dedicated to student Jandemonstration dedicated to student Jan
Opletal, killed by Nazis transformed intoOpletal, killed by Nazis transformed into
protest against the communist rule. Theprotest against the communist rule. The
protest was finally pacifiedprotest was finally pacified..
Opposition with its leader Vaclav Havel,Opposition with its leader Vaclav Havel,
decided to establish Peoples’ Forumdecided to establish Peoples’ Forum
which was social movement based on Polishwhich was social movement based on Polish
‘Solidarity’. The Forum demanded from‘Solidarity’. The Forum demanded from
the country’s top politicains to hand in theirthe country’s top politicains to hand in their
General strike began.General strike began.
The government resigned and new one wasThe government resigned and new one was
On 29 DecemberOn 29 December
Václav Havel was onVáclav Havel was on
oath as president ofoath as president of
Parliament ellectionsParliament ellections
were arranged forwere arranged for
June 1990.June 1990.
Those events were calledThose events were called
‘‘velvet revolution’.velvet revolution’.
Traditional Czech dishes.Traditional Czech dishes.
Dumplings - KnedlikiDumplings - Knedliki
Traditional CzechTraditional Czech
dish. Made of yeastdish. Made of yeast
dough, most oftendough, most often
stuffed with meat.stuffed with meat.
Served with gravyServed with gravy
or fried onion andor fried onion and
It is rich inIt is rich in eggseggs andand
butter. Lemonbutter. Lemon rindrind
andand nutmegnutmeg add coloradd color
and flavor; the doughand flavor; the dough
can also containcan also contain
raisinsraisins andand almondsalmonds. A. A
vánočkavánočka may be builtmay be built
from threefrom three
progressively smallerprogressively smaller
braids, stacked on topbraids, stacked on top
of each otherof each other. Served. Served
at Christmasat Christmas ..
‘‘vosí hnízdavosí hnízda’’
Nut cookiesNut cookies
‘wasps’ nests’‘wasps’ nests’
made of nuymade of nuy
dough with rum.dough with rum.
Served atServed at
Vanilkové rohlíčkyVanilkové rohlíčky
Small cookies-Small cookies-
crescent rollscrescent rolls
covered with vanillacovered with vanilla
sugar. They need tosugar. They need to
‘ripen’ for 2/3‘ripen’ for 2/3
weeks to be soft.weeks to be soft.
Served atServed at