Opening of the Fryderyk Chopin Museum and Chopin’s Centre in Warsaw, promotion of composer’s work during MIDEM fair in Cannes, special concerts by remarkable pianists in Poland and in other countries throughout the world, XVI Chopin’s Contest in Warsaw, publications and recordings .
1. Chopin’s family life Chopin’s parents: Father, Mikołaj , born in France, settled in Poland at age of 16 and spent here the rest of his life. At first he was a tutor, after moving from Zelazowa Wola to Warsaw, he was a language and french literature lecturer in a few warsaw schools, finally leading an elite boarding school for sons of the most remarkable aristocratic Polish houses. Mother, Justyna from Krzyzanowski, she loved playing the piano. Chopin’s mother was born in Dlugie grange which belonged to Skarbek family placed 4 kilometeres from Izbica Kujawska.
a) Chopin’s birth and baptism
Fryderyk Chopin was born in 1810 in Zelazowa Wola (around 50km from Warsaw) in a real estate of Skarbek’s countship, where his father Mikolaj Chopin, originally French, lived and worked as a tutor.
Parish Church in Brochowo- Fryderyk's baptism place
b) Chopin's childhood and youth Mother, Justyna of Krzyzanowski originally from Kujawy was a very musical person - she played the piano and sang; naturally she became the first music teacher for little Frycek, how was he called at home. In a few months after Fryderyk's birth, Chopin's family moved to Warsaw, where father took a job as a teacher in a Warsaw high school. Fryderyk Chopin's house in Zelazowa Wola
c) Fryderyk Chopin's siblings
Izabella (born 9 VII 1811)
Emilia (born 9 XI 1812)
Ludwika (born 27 XI 1831)
Mr. and Ms, Chopin children were very frail and sickly, except Ludwika, who was a leader among them. It was she, who taught little Chopin reading and writing. Knowledge, which Ludwika could give to 4 year old Fryderyk, didn't last too long. After a year, Ludwika was replaced with her mother, after 2 years, even she found herself in trouble teaching him.
d) Fryderyk Chopin's education
At age of six, boy started playing the piano. His teacher was Wojciech Żywny. Along with his older sister, Ludwika they played at home for four hands. Soon, Frycek's first composing effort turned up.
At age of 16, Chopin began studying composition theory at Joseph Elsner in Warsaw School of Main Music. At this period of time, significant influence on development of his talent, had relations with folk songs and dances from Mazowsze, Kujawy, Wielkopolska and Lubelszczyzna. He listened to them often while spending holiday in Szafarnia Antonina and Sanniki.
During his childhood, he was appearing in public and soon he became Warsaw parlors favourite musician. He was also giving concerts in Duszniki and Wien .
19 years old Fryderyk Chopin with prince Antoni Radziwiłł
2. Fryderyk Chopin's mature years
In 1830, at age of 20 he moved to musical centre - Paris, through Wien, Salzburg and Stuttgart. He was never meant to return to Poland from there, which was then under the culture-destroying partitions. In Paris, he developed as piano virtuoso and soon gained European fame. He toured around Europe, he frequented circle of musicians, painters and writers. He was an acquaintance of prominent artists (Liszt, Berlioz, Rossini, Mendelssohn, Balzak, Hein, Delacroix). He also became a famous piano teacher. During his whole adult life he fought with vicious lungs disease - tuberculosis (today we suspect it was cystic fibrosis).
Parlor in the last Chopin's house at Place Vendome 12 in Paris
He was married to M a ria Wodzińska, and in the years 1839-1847 he got emotionally involved with George Sand. He went with her to Majorca, and in her property in Nohant (where he spent summer frequently) his works were numerously arising.
George Sand is listening to Fryderyk Chopin in Nohant
3. Last period in Chopin's life
After breaking up with George Sand, Chopin fell into deep despair, which quicken his death, for sure. After leaving Nohant, he didn't compose any significant track, only a few miniatures. His last woman was his student - scottish Jane Stirling, called „widow after Chopin”. He left Paris with her after revolution in 1848 to England and then to Scotland for a very exhausting trip.
4.Fryderyk Chopin's death (17th October 1849 in Paris)
In the last week of June 1849, Chopin felt very bad, his legs started to swell, he had a few critical hemorrhages. The doctor he called recognized last stage of disease. From medicine given to him, Chopin knew that he's dying. He died on the 17th of October at 2 after midnight. Funeral ceremonies were held on the 30th of October in St. Magdalena's Church and on Pere Lachaise cementery.
Composer's heart was moved to Poland and currently it's in the St. Cross Church in Warsaw.
Grób Fryderyka Chopina na paryskim cmentarzu Pére Lachaise : jeden z niewielu, na którym zawsze leżą świeże kwiaty.
In the 2005, students from our school, during excursion, laid flowers and lit flames on the composer's gra v e in cemetery Pere Lachaise .
5. Fryderyk Chopin's creation
The greatest majority of all compositions wrote by Chopin are tracks for solo piano. In addition, there is work for piano, orchestra and cello, trio for piano, violin and songs with voice for piano. Chopin reached to very various, already existing composition species, using them in his creation(for example nocturnes, etudes, sonatas). Furthermore, he created even his own species (for example: mazurkas). Polonaises and Mazurkas take a very significant place among all the tracks he created throughout his life.
Etude op. 25 from National Library in Warsaw
a) The list of compositions
WORKS FROM PIANO SOLO:
Fryderyk Chopin - Mazurka F-moll op.7 No 3, 1831
-Barkarola, 2 works variationies
-Bolero and Rondo from 2 pianos
CONCERT WORKS :
-2 piano’s concerts:
-I Concert e-moll (1830)
-II Concert f-moll (1829)
-Variations from Don Juan’s subject
-Rondo a la Cracovienne
-Andante Spianato and Polonaise
Fantasia f-moll op. 49
b) Creation to the year of 1830
Chopin's tracks which he created in youth, grown up from two sources: Polish tradition (for example: Michał Kleofas Ogiński, Karol Kurpiński) and from brilliant style of early romantics (Johan Nepomuk Hummel, John Field, Carl Maria vor Weber). These spectacular and masterly composed tracks are for instance both piano concertos. In Chopin youth achievements, the most overwhelming are the classic forms like rondos, variations, sonatas, concertos, trios, all under the influence of the classic traditions. However, even then polonaises and mazurkas were reffering to the Polish national tradition. From merging classic forms and national tradition were created tracks like Rondo à la Mazur , Rondo à la Krakowiak .
Rondo a la Mazur F-dur
c) Creation to the year of 1839
Chopin's mature creation is described by following text by Joseph M. Chomiński:
,,In the second period of creation Chopin's style as national and romantic composer (starting from op.6) was fully crystallized. Stylization of dance music in waltzes was given an artistically deeper expression, grown from the spirit of Romanticism. New approach to pianistic technique, manifesting itself in both cycles of etudes, began deciding about the aspect of every primary species... Verbal contrast with strong dramatic mark became characteristic trait of forms like scherzo, ballad, nocturne”
d) Creation to the year of 1849
In the last period there were created more developed cyclical tracks (sonatas b-moll, h-moll, g-moll). Also sizes of one-parted tracks underwent larger (f-moll ballad, f-moll fantasy, fis-moll polonaises and As-dur, Polonaise-Fantasy, Barcarolle). These track were so unconventional that often aroused protests within first listeners, being seen as „difficult”, especially - as too dissonating.
Sonata h-moll op. 58
Legacy of Fryderyk Chopin in art.
Jakob Goetzenberger (1800-1866) pencil drawing 1838, 255 x 115 George Sand pencil drawing, 1844 Eugène Delacroix - Fryderyk Chopin
Statue of Fryderyk Chopin in Łazienki Królewskie Statue of Chopin in Duszniki
Sculpture of Fryderyk Chopin by Henryk Tarkowski Sculpture of Fryderyk Chopin by Antoni Madeyski A bust of Fryderyk Chopin by Xawery Dunikowski made around 1924, in bronze.
6. The International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition
The International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition is one of the oldest music competitions in the world, with great prestige and international renown. Over seventy years of existence, it was evolving, transformating, changing and perfecting its own form, it created its own rich tradition. The initiator of The International Fryderyk Chopin Piano Competition was Proffesor Jerzy Zurawlew (1887-1980), an eminent Polish pianist, teacher and composer.
The National Philharmonic
Competition takes place in Warsaw every 5 years since 1927 (with a break for the years of World War II). So far, 15 editions of the contest took place, which was attended by a total of over a thousand young pianists from all continents.
Many winners and awarded find oneself among the world elite pianists.
-Witold Małcużyński (1937)
-Halina Czerny - Stefańska (1949)
-Adam Harasiewicz (1955)
-Maurizio Pollini (1960)
-Marta Argerich (1965)
-Barbara Hesse - Bukowska
-Garrick Ohlson (1970)
-Krystian Zimerman (1975)
-Dang Tai Son (1980)
-Kevin Kenner (1990)
-Rafał Blechacz (2005)
To this group belong :
2010 - the year of Fryderyk Chopin
Created by: Łukasz Maikowski Przemysław Liedtke kl. III c. Bibliography: www . wikipedia . pl www . izbica -kujawska. com Encyklopedia Muzyczna PWM Bogusław Schaeffer „Dzieje muzyki”