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The Phonemic Chart


Presentation on the phonemic chart and using it for English language teaching. For a voiced over presentation (free!) go to

Presentation on the phonemic chart and using it for English language teaching. For a voiced over presentation (free!) go to

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  • Hello and welcome to another teacher training webinar from


  • 1. Teacher training webinars Jo Gakonga jo.gakonga@elt-training.comFor a free voiced over presentation of this, go to
  • 2. The Phonemic Chart
  • 3. What is it?IPA – The International Phonetic Alphabet
  • 4. Phonemic or phonetic?Phonetics - the study of speech soundsPhoneme: basic sound unit of speech
  • 5. Standard British English chartWhy aren’t my sounds on this?
  • 6. So, why learn this?
  • 7. Advantages• Captures the intangible• A clear record• Useful for correction• Helps with dictionary use - learner independence• Shows effect of connected speech clearly
  • 8. Disadvantages• You need to learn it• They need to learn it (which nationalities do know it?)• Can be a heavy load - esp non- Roman alphabet
  • 9. How is it divided?ConsonantsVowelsDipthongs
  • 10. ConsonantsVoiced/ unvoiced sounds
  • 11. Vowels
  • 12. VowelsFront Back
  • 13. Vowelsclosed open
  • 14. Dipthongs
  • 15. Important!/ / show that it’s the phonemicalphabet /bit/ bit
  • 16. Should we teach it?
  • 17. SchwaIf nothing else, teach and use…
  • 18. A common problem…/ə/ /ʌ/ or ?cup /kʌp/ but cover /kʌvə/
  • 19. Any vowel can be sounded as schwaimportantmaterial
  • 20. Any vowel can be sounded as schwapaperferocious
  • 21. Any vowel can be sounded as schwatangible giraffe
  • 22. Any vowel can be sounded as schwaintroducephonetics (but not phoneme..)
  • 23. Any vowel can be sounded as schwapictureneighbour
  • 24. In fact, most unstressed vowels sound like… Homer Simpson = Oo Oo
  • 25. In fact, most unstressed vowels sound like…NB –this is often true but not always..Depression oOo enough oO /i/ /i/
  • 26. Schwa in connected speechWhere are you going?/weərəjəgəʊɪŋ/What do you do?/wɒdəjədu:/
  • 27. Learning the chartWebsites for writing it•• or you can use your keyboardWebsites for learning it.••• mic-chart-and-app/interactive-phonemic-chart/
  • 28. Using the chart judiciouslyShowing that pronunciation isn’t as hard as itlooks! thorough /θərə/
  • 29. Using the chart judiciously cough /kɒf/ /ɒf/
  • 30. Using the chart judiciouslyHighlighting unexpected sounds image /ɪʤ/ /ɪ/
  • 31. Using the chart judiciously leisure /ʒə/ /ʒ/
  • 32. Using the chart judiciouslyOr missing ones.. knife /naɪf/ knife
  • 33. Activities for learnersCorrect the teacher 1 2 pack back poor bore row (/rəʊ/) row (/raʊ/)Ask a student to say one of the words and you point to it. If you pointto the wrong word (i.e. the student wanted to say one word but saidthe other) the student tells you, the teacher, ‘No’ and then tries again.
  • 34. Activities for learnersSaying it rightOn the board write up a series of short phrases using phonemic script and askyour students to say them and work out exactly what is being said. i.e./ˌtentəˌtu (ten to two), /knaɪˌhelpˌju(Can I help you?), /ˌ :/ :/ neksˌpli:z /(Next please!) or /ˌ ɪzðeərenɪƟɪnˌtu wi:t/ (Is there anything to eat?). This :ˌkind of activity is both fun and informative. from Adrian Tennent on Onestop – matters-sound-reasons-for-teaching-pronunciation/155507.article
  • 35. Any other ideas or questionsDo put them on the forum 