0
Getting creative with
grammar practice
Jo Gakonga
Why does
teaching
grammar get a
bad press?
Illustrations from Jan, J.M. & Ollúa, R. (1950) El Inglés Práctico;
Comercio, Exámenes y Viajes, Buenos Aires: Academias P...
Do we need to
teach grammar
at all?
http://iatefl.britishcouncil.org/2011/sites/iatefl/files/session
/documents/walter_grammar_iatefl2011_handout.pdf
Catherin...
Should we forget
grammar and only
teach vocabulary?
Vocabulary is arguably more important
..but do they get enough exposur...
Krashen's Input Hypothesis (1982)
Canadian immersion studies
(Swain 1985; Genesee 1987).
Conscious
knowledge of
grammar is seen to
help at different
stages.
Ellis 1994
Proponents of task-based
teaching all argue for a
place for pre-planned
grammar instruction in a
TBI framework.
Skehan, 20...
In a skills approach conscious
knowledge is seen to serve as
a ‘crutch’ until language use
becomes proceduralised
(usable ...
Norris and
Ortega (2000)
meta-analysis
Gass and
Selinker (2008)
meta-analysis
Spada and
Tomita (2010)
meta-analysis
Do we need to
teach grammar
at all?
YES
What I am
NOT saying…..
If we teach
grammar, how
should we do it?
Creative Automaticity
Gatbonton, E. and Segalowitz, N. (1988) ‘Creative automatization: Principles for
promoting fluency w...
What isn’t so helpful...
• Teacher: I found the book.
• Students: I found the book.
• Teacher: Pen.
• Students: I found th...
Example of a mindless gap fill..
Use the present perfect to complete these sentences:
1. I _______ ________ (see) the Eiff...
Activities that promote creative
automaticity should be …
• genuinely communicative
• focused
• formulaic
• inherently rep...
Some common examples…
• A class photo…
• Find someone who…
• What’s my line?
• What kind of animal am I? (“Do you have fou...
Creativity
Personalisation
Jill Hadfield’s ‘Creativity in the
language classroom’
Modern English Teacher
January 2012
When I am old…
When I’m an old woman, I will wear purple
And a red hat that doesn’t go and doesn’t suit me
And I will spen...
I’ll definitely
I’ll
probably
I might
I’ll
I definitely won’t
I probably won’t
I might not
I won’t
When I am old, I won’t be quiet and I’ll bother
my neighbours. I might have a toy-boy.
When we are old we will definitely do many
crazy and dangerous things,
We will wear full make up from morning and we
will ...
When I am old, I’ll be a honarable person.
I’ll definitely lede the people and I’ll be self-
confident.
• genuinely communicative
• focused
• formulaic
• inherently repetitive
Creativity
Personalisation
Present Perfect for experience
I’ve never been to India,
I’ve never been to France
I’ve never eaten frog’s legs
And I’ve n...
Present Perfect for experience
I’ve never been to India,
I’ve never been to France
I’ve never eaten frog’s legs
And I’ve n...
Present Perfect for experience
I’ve never been to India,
I’ve never been to France
I’ve never eaten frog’s legs
And I’ve n...
I've never been in Ireland.
But I've been in love with Irish man.
He had a huge talant to gain women's favor, but he was s...
Alan Marsh’s article…
English Teaching Professional
March 2012
The Door to Spontaneity
Simple past tense questions..
Dates game – Did you / Were you..
1952 1989
1999 2011
Creativity
Personalisation
Thrill Drills
Milada Krejewska’s blog
http://miladakrajewska.wordpress.com/
A picture paints a
thousand words….
few
What is inside?
There is…
There are…
What is happening inside?
Creativity
Personalisation
It could be…
It might be..
It definitely isn’t…
It looks like ….
..he has…
..he is -ing….
It looks like ….
..it has… ..it is -ing….
It looks like ….
..it has…
..it is -ing….
It looks like ….
..they have…
..they are -ing….
Sources of
pictures….
How did this happen?
How did this
happen?
Using odd pictures
How did this happen?
Any other ideas?
Thank you!
jo.gakonga@elt-training.com
NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with  grammar teaching
NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with  grammar teaching
NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with  grammar teaching
NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with  grammar teaching
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with grammar teaching

2,697

Published on

Slides from he NATECLA talk given on 6-7-13 at Sheffield Uni. For a free voiced over presentation, visit http://elttraining.mdl2.com/mod/page/view.php?id=186

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,697
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
64
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The overwhelming evidence from the Norris and Ortega (2000) isthat explicit grammar teaching is better than no explicit grammar teaching,and that the effects of explicit grammar teaching are durable.
  • Gass and Selinker (2008) review the literature and also conclude that after earlychildhood, learning complex forms requires not only processing meaningfulinput but also explicit focus on grammar.
  • Spada and Tomita (2010), conducted a later meta-analysis and concluded thatexplicit form-focused instruction leads to better learning of both simple andcomplex features than implicit instruction, and that this advantage is longterm
  • Transcript of "NATECLA 2013 - Getting creative with grammar teaching"

    1. 1. Getting creative with grammar practice Jo Gakonga
    2. 2. Why does teaching grammar get a bad press?
    3. 3. Illustrations from Jan, J.M. & Ollúa, R. (1950) El Inglés Práctico; Comercio, Exámenes y Viajes, Buenos Aires: Academias Pitman.
    4. 4. Do we need to teach grammar at all?
    5. 5. http://iatefl.britishcouncil.org/2011/sites/iatefl/files/session /documents/walter_grammar_iatefl2011_handout.pdf Catherine Walter IATEFL Plenary 2011 Should we be planning to teach grammar?
    6. 6. Should we forget grammar and only teach vocabulary? Vocabulary is arguably more important ..but do they get enough exposure?
    7. 7. Krashen's Input Hypothesis (1982)
    8. 8. Canadian immersion studies (Swain 1985; Genesee 1987).
    9. 9. Conscious knowledge of grammar is seen to help at different stages. Ellis 1994
    10. 10. Proponents of task-based teaching all argue for a place for pre-planned grammar instruction in a TBI framework. Skehan, 2003; Willis & Willis, 2007; Ellis, 2006
    11. 11. In a skills approach conscious knowledge is seen to serve as a ‘crutch’ until language use becomes proceduralised (usable without conscious effort). Johnson, 1996, DeKeyser, 1998
    12. 12. Norris and Ortega (2000) meta-analysis
    13. 13. Gass and Selinker (2008) meta-analysis
    14. 14. Spada and Tomita (2010) meta-analysis
    15. 15. Do we need to teach grammar at all? YES
    16. 16. What I am NOT saying…..
    17. 17. If we teach grammar, how should we do it?
    18. 18. Creative Automaticity Gatbonton, E. and Segalowitz, N. (1988) ‘Creative automatization: Principles for promoting fluency within a communicative framework’, TESOL Quarterly, 22, 3. ‘The techniques for this approach are designed to provide students with ample opportunities for repetition and practice within a wholly communicative context, without the shortcomings usually characteristic of pattern drills or other more traditional methods’ http://scottthornbury.wordpress.com/?s=A+is+for
    19. 19. What isn’t so helpful... • Teacher: I found the book. • Students: I found the book. • Teacher: Pen. • Students: I found the pen. • Teacher: Bought. • Students: I bought the pen.
    20. 20. Example of a mindless gap fill.. Use the present perfect to complete these sentences: 1. I _______ ________ (see) the Eiffel Tower. 2. She ________ _________ (eat) snake. 3. They ________ __________ (swim) in the sea. 4. We ________ _________ (fill) in too many of these gap-fill exercises………
    21. 21. Activities that promote creative automaticity should be … • genuinely communicative • focused • formulaic • inherently repetitive
    22. 22. Some common examples… • A class photo… • Find someone who… • What’s my line? • What kind of animal am I? (“Do you have four legs? Can you fly? Do you lay eggs?” etc).
    23. 23. Creativity Personalisation
    24. 24. Jill Hadfield’s ‘Creativity in the language classroom’ Modern English Teacher January 2012
    25. 25. When I am old… When I’m an old woman, I will wear purple And a red hat that doesn’t go and doesn’t suit me And I will spend my pension on brandy and summer gloves and candles, and say we have no money for butter. I will sit down on the pavement when I am tired And gobble up samples in shops and press alarm bells And run my stick along public railings And make up for the sobriety of my youth. I will go out in slippers in the rain And pick the flowers in other people’s gardens And learn to spit. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fr1RU4SM2L8
    26. 26. I’ll definitely I’ll probably I might I’ll I definitely won’t I probably won’t I might not I won’t
    27. 27. When I am old, I won’t be quiet and I’ll bother my neighbours. I might have a toy-boy.
    28. 28. When we are old we will definitely do many crazy and dangerous things, We will wear full make up from morning and we will spend our money for a face lift.
    29. 29. When I am old, I’ll be a honarable person. I’ll definitely lede the people and I’ll be self- confident.
    30. 30. • genuinely communicative • focused • formulaic • inherently repetitive
    31. 31. Creativity Personalisation
    32. 32. Present Perfect for experience I’ve never been to India, I’ve never been to France I’ve never eaten frog’s legs And I’ve never learnt to dance. I’ve always lived in Birmingham I’ve never been abroad I’ve always lived at home I’m getting rather bored. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbqXAwpAtLY
    33. 33. Present Perfect for experience I’ve never been to India, I’ve never been to France I’ve never eaten frog’s legs And I’ve never learnt to dance. I’ve always lived in Birmingham I’ve never been abroad I’ve always lived at home I’m getting rather bored. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbqXAwpAtLY
    34. 34. Present Perfect for experience I’ve never been to India, I’ve never been to France I’ve never eaten frog’s legs And I’ve never learnt to dance. I’ve always lived in Birmingham I’ve never been abroad I’ve always lived at home I’m getting rather bored. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xbqXAwpAtLY
    35. 35. I've never been in Ireland. But I've been in love with Irish man. He had a huge talant to gain women's favor, but he was so mean. He inculcated in me a taste for art and love for adventure. Our love story was bright and unforgettable, but it finished with a phrase "I'm sorry". At parting he gave me a kiss with an fragrant of Irish legend. I've never been in Italy. But I've been in love with Italian. He's been very clever, he's known many languages, but he's been so nervous and so fault-finding person. Well, we let as part friends. He gave me gave me as a keepsake the 33 recipes for Italian pasta and one recipe for happiness.
    36. 36. Alan Marsh’s article… English Teaching Professional March 2012 The Door to Spontaneity
    37. 37. Simple past tense questions.. Dates game – Did you / Were you.. 1952 1989 1999 2011
    38. 38. Creativity Personalisation
    39. 39. Thrill Drills Milada Krejewska’s blog http://miladakrajewska.wordpress.com/
    40. 40. A picture paints a thousand words…. few
    41. 41. What is inside? There is… There are…
    42. 42. What is happening inside?
    43. 43. Creativity Personalisation
    44. 44. It could be… It might be.. It definitely isn’t…
    45. 45. It looks like …. ..he has… ..he is -ing….
    46. 46. It looks like …. ..it has… ..it is -ing….
    47. 47. It looks like …. ..it has… ..it is -ing….
    48. 48. It looks like …. ..they have… ..they are -ing….
    49. 49. Sources of pictures….
    50. 50. How did this happen?
    51. 51. How did this happen?
    52. 52. Using odd pictures How did this happen?
    53. 53. Any other ideas?
    54. 54. Thank you! jo.gakonga@elt-training.com
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×