Teaching grammar- Getting creative with controlled practicePresentation Transcript
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Teaching Grammar IGetting creative with controlled practice
Creative AutomaticityGatbonton, E. and Segalowitz, N. (1988) ‘Creative automatization: Principlesfor promoting fluency within a communicative framework’, TESOLQuarterly, 22, 3.‘The techniques for this approach are designed to provide students with ampleopportunities for repetition and practice within a wholly communicativecontext, without the shortcomings usually characteristic of pattern drills orother more traditional methods’http://scottthornbury.wordpress.com/?s=A+is+for
What isn’t so helpful...• Teacher: I found the book.• Students: I found the book.• Teacher: Pen.• Students: I found the pen.• Teacher: Bought.• Students: I bought the pen.
Example of a mindless gap fill..Use the present perfect to complete these sentences:1. I _______ ________ (see) the Eiffel Tower.2. She ________ _________ (eat) snake.3. They ________ __________ (swim) in the sea.4. We ________ _________ (fill) in too many of these gap-fill exercises………
Activities [that promote creative automatization] should be …1. genuinely communicative i.e. require students to make use of utterancesas a result of a task-related need, rather than simply for the purpose of sayingsomething.2. psychologically authentic i.e. require students to allocate attentionalresources to both the encoding and decoding of language, and to the effect ofthat language on events.3. focused i.e. organised around one or a few functions and notions so as toestablish particular utterances as characteristic exponents of particularfunctions/notions.4. formulaic i.e. utterances must be short, memorizable, and multi-situational.5. inherently repetitive
Some common examples…• A class photo…• Find someone who…• What’s my line?• What kind of animal am I? (“Do you have four legs? Can you fly? Do you lay eggs?” etc).
Jill Hadfield’s creative practiceModern English Teacher January 2012
When I am old…When I’m old, I will wear purpleAnd a red hat that doesn’t go and doesn’t suit meAnd I will spend my pension on brandy and summer gloves and candles, and say we have no money forbutter.I will sit down on the pavement when I am tiredAnd gobble up samples in shops and press alarm bellsAnd run my stick along public railingsAnd make up for the sobriety of my youth.I will go out in slippers in the rainAnd pick the flowers in other people’s gardensAnd learn to spit.But now we must have clothes that keep us dryAnd pay our rent and not swear in the streetAnd set a good example to the childrenWe must have friends to dinner and read the papers.But maybe I ought to practise a little now?So people who know me are not too shocked and surprised,When suddenly I am old and start to wear purple.
I’ll definitely I mightI’ll probably I’ll
I probably won’t I’ll definitely I won’t I might I’ll probably I might not I definitely won’tI’ll
When I am old, I won’t be quiet and I’ll bothermy neighbours. I might have a toy-boy.
When we are old we will definitely do manycrazy and dangerous things,We will wear full make up from morning and wewill spend our money for a face lift.
When I am old, I’ll be a honarable person.I’ll definitely lede the people and I’ll be self-confident.
Present Perfect for experienceI’ve never been to India,I’ve never been to FranceI’ve never eaten frog’s legsAnd I’ve never learnt to dance.I’ve always lived in BirminghamI’ve never been abroadI’ve always lived at homeI’m getting rather bored.
• Ive never been in Ireland. But Ive been in love with Irish man. He had a huge talant to gain womens favor, but he was so mean. He inculcated in me a taste for art and love for adventure. Our love story was bright and unforgettable, but it finished with a phrase "Im sorry". At parting he gave me a kiss with an fragrant of Irish legend. Ive never been in Italy. But Ive been in love with Italian. Hes been very clever, hes known many languges, but hes been so nervous and so fault-finding person. Well, we let as part friends. He gave me in memory (or gave me as keepsake?) the 33 recipes for Italian pasta and one recipe for happiness. Ive never been in Spain. But Ive been head over heels in love with Spaniard. Hes been extemely generous and kind. I thought that fortuna smaled on me, but hed been in my city just for few weeks. He left for me a lot of presents and phone number which never answer. Ive never been in Portugal... Ive never been in Norway... Ive never been in France... But ones I met him and he taught me to love a life and be grateful. He gave me self- confidence and opened at me a woman. Now I think: "There is a really jouney - to be in love. Not important where you are, most important with who you are"
Alan Marsh’s article…English Teaching Professional March 2012The Door to Spontaneity
Simple past tense questions..Dates game – Did you / Were you.. 1958 1986 1989 2011 1999