Often used in the news…The next leader of Britain’s top public schoolshas warned parents to stop hothousing childrenhttp://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/uk_news/Education/article1224538.ece
I’ve written three letters this morning.Finished action in unfinished timeNowSpecified time
Meaning – continuous formWhat is the time reference?• She’s been playing the recorder for awhile now.• She’s been running- she’s tired.
She’s been playing the recorder for a while now.Unfinished action continuingto the presentNowContinuous or regular action
She’s been running- she’s tired.Recently finished actionWith a current resultNow
So we have…..Present Perfect Simple• Experience (at a non-specified past time)• Action started in the past continuing to now• Recent action (news)• Action in an unfinished timePresent Perfect Continuous• Action started in the past continuing to now• Longer actions that have recently ended (with a present result)Task: Think of an example for each (not the same as mine!)
Michael Swan‘Basically speaking, the present perfect deals withfinished events that are connected to the present.’Practical English Usage. Swan; 2005
But…..….learners find this ‘connection withthe present’ idea very difficult.
He has already cut the grass.He hasn’t mended the garage door yet.C.Granger and J.Plumb 1995 Heinemann
IntermediatePresent perfect cf simple pastRead this brief biography of Barack Obama. Which is the correct tense?Barack Obama ____ (have) an interesting life. He _____ (be born) onAugust 4th 1961 in Honalulu. His father _____ (be) from Kenya, butBarack __________ (never live) there. He _____ (go) to Harvard LawSchool) and he _______ (be) a university lecturer as well as a lawyer.He ______ (be involved) in many elections since 1996, and he ______(be elected) as the 44th President of the USA in January 2009.Do this exercise – which tense and why?
What’s the pattern?Three climbers, missing for thirty hours, have been found safe and well by rescueteams in Scotland. The three, two men and a woman, who are all from Glasgow, hadbeen climbing in the Highlands, when they were forced to take shelter, by the badweather. They were found early this morning.IntermediateNews: Present perfect cf simple past
Upper levelsReview/ contrast of all uses and differencesbetween simple and continuous forms;Guided discovery approach works well
I’ve lost some money/ I’ve been losing money.She’s studied/ been studying a lot lately.She’s forgotten/ been forgetting so muchrecently._____ is used to talk about things that happened more thanonce.____is used to emphasise the process.____is used to emphasise the finished action.