Connected Speech - Weak forms
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Connected Speech - Weak forms

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An overview of how some words change ther pronunciation andbecome

An overview of how some words change ther pronunciation andbecome

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Connected Speech - Weak forms Connected Speech - Weak forms Presentation Transcript

  • Connected Speech - weak forms Jo Gakonga
  • What is connected speech? language
  • What is connected speech?
  • What is connected speech?
  • Hyde Park /haɪbpɑ:k/
  • blue and green /blu:wəngri:n/
  • handbag /hæmbæg/
  • Let’s start with schwa
  • Schwa
  • Any vowel can be sounded as schwa important material
  • Any vowel can be sounded as schwa paper ferocious
  • Any vowel can be sounded as schwa tangible giraffe
  • Any vowel can be sounded as schwa introduce phonetics (but not phoneme..)
  • Any vowel can be sounded as schwa picture neighbour
  • In fact, most unstressed vowels sound like… Homer Simpson = Oo Oo
  • Schwa in connected speech
  • English is a stress- timed language There was a man from Hull
  • There was an old man from London
  • There was an extremely old man from Birmingham
  • Can he move it? Yes, he can!
  • Weak form Can he move it? /kən/
  • Strong form /kæn/ Yes, he can!
  • Where are you going? /weərəjəgəʊɪŋ/ What do you do? /wɒdəjədu:/
  • Which words in these sentences ‘weaken’ (change) to a schwa sound? What kind of words are they? Some modals I can swim. The water will be very cold! He’ll be fine.
  • Have you been to Australia? It couldn’t have been me! Auxiliaries - have Pronouns
  • She is meeting Thelma at one. She’s coming from Birmingham Auxiliaries – be Prepositions It’s not long to wait now.
  • Content words Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Function words Pronouns Auxilliaries Modals Prepositions No weak forms Have weak forms Bricks Mortar
  • Do we need to teach this?
  • Receptive or productive purposes?
  • Important for receptive purposes
  • A practical idea or two…
  • Integrate pronunciation
  • The Book of Pronunciation by Jonathan Marks and Tim Bowen DELTA Teacher Development Series
  • Awareness raising activities 1. a) I didn’t know that. b) I didn’t know that he came from Sweden 2. a) She wanted to see him again. b) What’s the world coming to? 3. a) Have you seen Peter? b)What did you have for lunch?
  • Awareness raising activities 1. five /ə/ clock 2. one /ə/ two days 3. /ə/ cup /ə/ tea 4. What /ə/ you doing? 5. We definitely could /ə/played better. 6. I haven’t seen /ə/ for ages.
  • Production Jazz chants Carolyn Graham http://jazzchants.net
  • Production -Jazz chants Can you understand me? Yes, I can Do you speak English? Yes, I do Have you ever been to England? Yes, I have. But the weather was very bad! (Joe Avery’s Blues) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blVq-G1DBOQ
  • Thank you! Jo Gakonga