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Connected Speech
- weak forms

Jo Gakonga
What is
connected
speech?

language
What is
connected
speech?
What is
connected
speech?
Hyde Park

/haɪbpɑ:k/
blue and green

/blu:wəngri:n/
handbag
/hæmbæg/
Let’s start with
schwa
Schwa
Any vowel can be sounded as schwa

important
material
Any vowel can be sounded as schwa

paper
ferocious
Any vowel can be sounded as schwa

tangible
giraffe
Any vowel can be sounded as schwa

introduce
phonetics

(but not phoneme..)
Any vowel can be sounded as schwa

picture
neighbour
In fact, most unstressed vowels sound
like…

Homer Simpson = Oo Oo
Schwa in
connected
speech
English is a

stress- timed
language

There was a man from Hull
There was an
old man from
London
There was an
extremely old
man from
Birmingham
Can he move it?

Yes, he can!
Weak form

Can he move it?
/kən/
Strong form

/kæn/

Yes, he can!
Where are you going?

/weərəjəgəʊɪŋ/
What do you do?

/wɒdəjədu:/
Which words in these sentences ‘weaken’
(change) to a schwa sound?
What kind of words are they?

Some modals

I can swim.
...
Have you been to Australia?
It couldn’t have been me!

Auxiliaries - have
Pronouns
She is meeting Thelma at one.
She’s coming from Birmingham

Auxiliaries – be
Prepositions
It’s not long to wait now.
Content words
Nouns
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs

Function words
Pronouns
Auxilliaries
Modals
Prepositions

No weak forms Have...
Do we need to
teach this?
Receptive or productive
purposes?
Important for
receptive purposes
A practical idea
or two…
Integrate pronunciation
The Book of Pronunciation
by Jonathan Marks and Tim Bowen
DELTA Teacher Development Series
Awareness raising activities
1. a) I didn’t know that.
b) I didn’t know that he came from Sweden
2. a) She wanted to see h...
Awareness raising activities
1. five /ə/ clock
2. one /ə/ two days
3. /ə/ cup /ə/ tea
4. What /ə/ you doing?
5. We definit...
Production
Jazz chants
Carolyn Graham
http://jazzchants.net
Production -Jazz chants
Can you understand me?
Yes, I can
Do you speak English?
Yes, I do
Have you ever been to England?
Y...
Thank you!
Jo Gakonga
Connected Speech - Weak forms
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Connected Speech - Weak forms

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An overview of how some words change ther pronunciation andbecome

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Transcript of "Connected Speech - Weak forms"

  1. 1. Connected Speech - weak forms Jo Gakonga
  2. 2. What is connected speech? language
  3. 3. What is connected speech?
  4. 4. What is connected speech?
  5. 5. Hyde Park /haɪbpɑ:k/
  6. 6. blue and green /blu:wəngri:n/
  7. 7. handbag /hæmbæg/
  8. 8. Let’s start with schwa
  9. 9. Schwa
  10. 10. Any vowel can be sounded as schwa important material
  11. 11. Any vowel can be sounded as schwa paper ferocious
  12. 12. Any vowel can be sounded as schwa tangible giraffe
  13. 13. Any vowel can be sounded as schwa introduce phonetics (but not phoneme..)
  14. 14. Any vowel can be sounded as schwa picture neighbour
  15. 15. In fact, most unstressed vowels sound like… Homer Simpson = Oo Oo
  16. 16. Schwa in connected speech
  17. 17. English is a stress- timed language There was a man from Hull
  18. 18. There was an old man from London
  19. 19. There was an extremely old man from Birmingham
  20. 20. Can he move it? Yes, he can!
  21. 21. Weak form Can he move it? /kən/
  22. 22. Strong form /kæn/ Yes, he can!
  23. 23. Where are you going? /weərəjəgəʊɪŋ/ What do you do? /wɒdəjədu:/
  24. 24. Which words in these sentences ‘weaken’ (change) to a schwa sound? What kind of words are they? Some modals I can swim. The water will be very cold! He’ll be fine.
  25. 25. Have you been to Australia? It couldn’t have been me! Auxiliaries - have Pronouns
  26. 26. She is meeting Thelma at one. She’s coming from Birmingham Auxiliaries – be Prepositions It’s not long to wait now.
  27. 27. Content words Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Function words Pronouns Auxilliaries Modals Prepositions No weak forms Have weak forms Bricks Mortar
  28. 28. Do we need to teach this?
  29. 29. Receptive or productive purposes?
  30. 30. Important for receptive purposes
  31. 31. A practical idea or two…
  32. 32. Integrate pronunciation
  33. 33. The Book of Pronunciation by Jonathan Marks and Tim Bowen DELTA Teacher Development Series
  34. 34. Awareness raising activities 1. a) I didn’t know that. b) I didn’t know that he came from Sweden 2. a) She wanted to see him again. b) What’s the world coming to? 3. a) Have you seen Peter? b)What did you have for lunch?
  35. 35. Awareness raising activities 1. five /ə/ clock 2. one /ə/ two days 3. /ə/ cup /ə/ tea 4. What /ə/ you doing? 5. We definitely could /ə/played better. 6. I haven’t seen /ə/ for ages.
  36. 36. Production Jazz chants Carolyn Graham http://jazzchants.net
  37. 37. Production -Jazz chants Can you understand me? Yes, I can Do you speak English? Yes, I do Have you ever been to England? Yes, I have. But the weather was very bad! (Joe Avery’s Blues) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blVq-G1DBOQ
  38. 38. Thank you! Jo Gakonga
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