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Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
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Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire

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  • 1. Hungary in the Hapsburg Empire
  • 2.  Consequences of the expulsion of the Turks Disastrous economy needs to be reborn!! Hungary has a chance to recovery of confidenceafter many decades of economic stagnation and declineHOW? That is the questionTravellers’ experiences: The country is the land of contradictions:land with fertile soil but vast areas with fallow, marshlands(2.4 % cultivated in 1720), population thin, miserable
  • 3. Hungary hardly exceeded 3.5 millionit had around 1500!Ways of growing of population: Migration: Inner movements peasants moved to the Great PlainsSettling supported by the Court (official way of migration) Immigration ( from Transylvania, Serbia, eg) form of the new settlement
  • 4. Western Europe/  HungaryHapsburg Empire crop rotation agriculture  pasture-ground , two- was supported by the field system Court in some areas of the Western part: three-field s. more industrialised  remained traditional agricultural country  guilds manufactures  poor extensive trade infrasturcture, agrarian towards capitalisation trade (WE) 
  • 5.  NOBILITY:  PEASANTS : serfdom, exemption of taxes (’nobles  obligations: oblige’)  socage (corve`e) still existed! ARISTOCRACY: loyal to the COURT  3-4days/week, inter-marriage integrate  rent for the land, privileges returned constitutional  state taxes (war tax) independence guaranteed LOWER NOBILITY: loyal to the aristocracy, loyal to the Hapsburgs
  • 6. Charles III’s dilemma: no male heir !1722-23 the Diet accepted the succession ofthe female heir ,perpetual personal union ‚(until 1918) IN RETURN: the king agreed (1712-15) to takethe Coronation Oath, call the diet regularly,Hungarian nobilities’ right to vote for the wartax, recruits
  • 7.  A woman on the throne in Mid-Europe? claimants to the throne (e.g.Prussian Frederick II) Wars, long wars for what? SILESIA Why was it important to obtain or to have it? the most industrialised, economically powerful area of all Hapsburg possession) The young Queen was alone Hungarian nobilities’ offer: ‚Vitam et sanguinem’ for the Queen at her personal appeal to the diet an act of prudence
  • 8.  Hungarian nobility was eager to help the Queen What was offered by them? 4 million florins of subsidy, 35,000 recruits, the noble’s insurrection WHY ?no suitable pretender in H, Ottoman threat still there for Hungary Support meant defence long-term effect was more profitable Long war with moderate succeed : In the Peace Treaty in Dresden 1745: Frederick acknowledged the Queen’s husband as Holy Roman Emperor ….at last Then plus three years the war ended with the Treaty of Aachen 1748, the validity of PS Reinforced the status quo (before the war!) in the Treaty of Hubertusburg (1763)
  • 9.  Hungary: in the focus of Vienna’s interest: vast territory, natural resources were badly needed These facts destined to Hungary for a central role of the Monarchy’s power On the throne
  • 10. ADMINISTRATIVE SOCIAL, EDUCATIONAL  Huge amount of socage work (3-4Separation of administration and days/weekjurisdiction at highest levelCouncil of State 1761, the main  the income of the state dependedadvisory body on the serfsFrom 1765 the Queen ruled by decree  1767 Urbarial Decree/Urbarium:1754 Tariff Regulation (mercantilism):  Regulated and unified the serfs’ a) to protect Austrian and Bohemian dutiesindustries  1777 Ratio Educationis regulated b)extra source of income (nobles’ tax educationfree privilege) outerDouble borders innerResult:H the major supplier ofcheap food and raw material for the westernprovinces

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