Judaica europeana part_one


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Judaica europeana part_one

  1. 1. www.judaica-europeana.euJudaica Europeana: single accessto Jewish heritage digital collectionsDecember 2011
  2. 2. Europeana ― the visionEurope’s digital ―A digital library that is a single,libraries, archives and direct and multilingual access pointmuseums online to the European cultural heritage.‖ European Parliament, 27 September 2007• A showcase for Europe‘s cultural and scientific heritage• A flagship project of the European Commission and the European Parliament. x
  3. 3. The Europeana Universe Judaica Europeana MIMO Museum A Archive A Library A BHL HOPE Library X Carrare Culture.fr National Digital Library CulturaItalia EURO-PhotoEuropeana Archive X ECLAP BAM STERNA CIMEC etc…… Connect Film Archive X Film Archive 1 Museum X EFG ACE Film Archive 2 EuropeanaLocal Film Archive 3 Natural Europe EDL ICOM APEnet Europeana Regia Europe Museum 1 IMPACT ATHENA Museum 2 CENL The European Library MICHAEL IASA Eurbica National Archive 1 NL 1 NL 2 NL 3 VideoActive FIAT Europeana National Archive 2 Sound Sound Travel Archive 1 Archive n National Archive 3 Television Television Archive 1 Archive n Trebleclef PrestoPrime EUScreen x
  4. 4. The Judaica Europeana project• brings digitized Jewish heritage collections online to a single multilingual access point: Europeana.eu• documents Jewish history and heritage in Europe with a focus on urban life x
  5. 5. Jewish presence in EuropeJews are the longest-establishedminority in Europe with Jewishinscriptions in Greece dating backto the 3rd Century BCE.Marble plaque, bearing the images of amenorah, lulav and etrog. Found nearthe ancient synagogue in the Agora ofAthens. Probably part of thesynagogue‘s frieze, 3rd – 4th C.E.Jewish Museum of Greece x
  6. 6. Jewish contribution to European citiesJewish cultural expressions inEurope can be documented throughobjects dispersed in manycollections:documents, books, manuscripts, periodicals, photographs, works ofart, religiousartefacts, postcards, posters, audio-recordings and videos, as well asbuildings and cemeteries.History of the Jews by Heinrich Graetz, Leipzig1864. Copper engraving of MosesMendelssohn by A. and TH. Weger. JudaicaCollection, Goethe University Library x
  7. 7. Jewish contribution to European citiesLondon‘s East End and theBelleville quarter of Paris wereonce thriving Jewish areas withJewish shops, cafés, schools,libraries, publishing houses,newspapers and theatres.In the harbour of Thessaloniki,before World War I, economicactivity stopped on the Day ofAtonement. Warsaw, Nalewki Street (1915-1918)One-third of Warsaw‘s population From the collection of the Jewish Historical Institute, Warsawwas Jewish in the 1930s. x
  8. 8. Jewish contribution to European citiesUrbanisation and occupationalspecialisation has led to theidentification of Jews withspecific streets, neighbourhoodsand other urban phenomena.The J-Street Project by Susan Heller.Compton Verney Trust and theDAAD, Berlin, 2005. A book, installation andvideo produced with the support of theEuropean Association for Jewish Culture. x
  9. 9. Jewish contribution to European cities x
  10. 10. Jewish culture in European cities todayJewish life was rebuilt after theHolocaust. Today there are vibrantJewish communities and widespreadinterest in Jewish culture and creativity.
  11. 11. The project trajectoryFirst stage 2010-2012• Led by the European Association for Jewish Culture and Frankfurt University Library and launched with 10 partners in 7 countries• Current network includes 26 institutions in Europe, Israel and the US.• Funded by the eContentPlus program of the European Commission, the Rothschild Foundation (Hanadiv) Europe and project partners.Second stage 2012-14• Continued aggregation of associate partners‘ collections• Participation in ‗Digital Manuscripts to Europeana‘, a new EC-funded digital project, which will contribute content and technology to Europeana. x
  12. 12. The network today 24 institutions: museums, Associate Partners libraries and archives • Ben Uri Gallery – The London Jewish Museum of Art Partners • Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana, Amsterdam• European Association of Jewish Culture, London • Center for Jewish History, New York• Judaica Sammlung der Universitätsbibliothek • Harvard University Library der Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main • Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam• Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris • Jewish Museum Berlin• Amitié, Centre for Research and Innovation, • Jewish Museum, Frankfurt/Main Bologna • Leopold Zunz Centrum, Halle-Wittenberg• British Library, London • Lorand Collection, Augsburg University• Hungarian Jewish Archives, Budapest • National Library of Israel, Jerusalem• Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw • Paris Yiddish Center—Medem Library• Jewish Museum of Greece, Athens • Sephardi Museum, Toledo• Jewish Museum London • Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem• Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activity (MiBAC), Rome • Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid• National Technical University, Athens • Salomon Ludwig Steinheim Institute, Duisberg Museum, Frankfurt/Main x
  13. 13. Prospects for extending the network The following expressed an interest in joining Judaica Europeana:• Aberdeen University Library• Widener Library, Harvard University• Jewish Community Library and Archives, Venice• London Metropolitan Archive• Mantua City Archives• Jewish Museum, Florence• Jewish Museum, Prague• Jewish Museum, Vienna• Jewish Museum, Trieste• Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life, University of California, Berkley• Royal Library of Denmark Travelling trunk brought by a German refugee family to England in May 1939, Mädler Koffer, c.1930, Germany. Jewish Museum London x
  14. 14. The benefits for partners and users• Europeana‘s multilingual search engine helps users to explore diverse collections. Users can find related information held in other countries, or in other formats, so that Judaica content gains from association with linked material. It makes cross-border and interdisciplinary study possible in new ways.• Europeana exposes partners‘ metadata to search engines, making deep web content accessible.• Europeana drives traffic to the collections’ sites by linking users back to the content providers website.• Users today expect content to be integrated - to be able to see videos, look at images, read texts and listen to sounds in the same space.• Europeana provides a set of APIs through which the data may be re-used and returned in its enriched form by Europeana partners. x
  15. 15. Programme of work• Digitisation and aggregation of Jewish heritage content for Europeana.• Coordination of standards across institutions in order to synchronise the metadata with the requirements of Europeana.• Deployment of knowledge management tools: vocabularies, thesauri and ontologies for the indexing and retrieval of the aggregated content.• Dissemination activities to stimulate the use of digitised content in academic research; university-based teaching; schools; museums and virtual exhibitions; conferences; cultural tourism; the arts. x
  16. 16. Project achievements – the highlights• Online access to 3.5 million digital objects• Standardization of very diverse metadata• Ingestion of cross-domain content• Laying foundations for integration of content in new semantic web of Linked Data (LD)• Deployment of critical elements of LD: vocabularies and collaborative semantic tools• Deployment of knowledge management pilot: the Haskala database x
  17. 17. 3.5 milliondigital objects x
  18. 18. Achievements: online access to Jewish heritage x
  19. 19. The knowledge management pilot projectThe Haskala (Jewish Enlightenment) Republic of Letters:a research project and database, which documents thesecularization of Jewish culture in the 18-19th centuries.• Provision of open access to this unique database• Creation of a platform for collaborative research using the semantic mediawiki• Involvement of a group of Haskala scholars x
  20. 20. Haskala database functionalitiesNew functionalities provided by Semantic MediaWiki:• Improved data structure• Searching for information – creating own queries• Automatically generated up-to-date lists• Visual display of information – timelines, graphs, maps• External reuse – data source for other applications x
  21. 21. The Haskala database contentOver 1,000 books• detailed data on 521 books• more basic data on 359 books• detailed data on 343 people: authors, editors, translators, booksellers etc• data on 2,430 people in total• data on publishing houses David Friedländer (1750-1834), writer, banker and communal leader x
  22. 22. Dr.x 22 Rachel Heuber
  23. 23. Achievements: dissemination of Judaica Europeana 44 events in 24 cities: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin, Brussels, Budapest, Edinburgh, Fermo, Florence, Frankfurt, Halle, Jerusalem, Krakow, London, Madrid, Naples, New York, Paris, Poznan, Ravenna, Rome, Southampton, Tel Aviv, Warsaw x
  24. 24. Conferences, workshops, events
  25. 25. The website judaica-europeana.eu
  26. 26. Newsletters
  27. 27. Virtual exhibitions highlightedJudaica Europeana partnersstage online exhibitionswhich provide a social andhistorical context to theircollections.They can be accessed fromwww.judaica-europeana.eu Frankfurt‘s Judengasse in 1870 – the remains of the old ghetto established in 1462 x
  28. 28. Yiddish Theatre exhibition from the JewishMuseum London x
  29. 29. From Dada to Surrealism: Jewish avant-garde artists fromRomania 1910-1938, Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam x
  30. 30. 150 Years of Achievement in EducationThis virtual exhibition Maghrebcelebrates 150 years since 1950the establishment of theAlliance IsraéliteUniverselle, an educationalinstitution which created anetwork of schools inMorocco, Tunisia, Turkey, OttomanPalestine, Egypt, Iraq, Syriaand other countries.Today, the AlU does its workmainly in France, the UnitedStates, Morocco and Israel. Iran 1929, clothes and bread are distributed to the students x
  31. 31. Alliance Israélite Universelle Sfax, Tunisia x
  32. 32. Jewish Britain: A History in 50 ObjectsA virtual exhibition JewishBritain: A History in 50 Objectsshowcases objects from thecollections of the Jewish Museumin London. Each object tells astory about the history of theJewish community in Britain frommedieval to modern times.The objects are grouped usingdifferent themes including:Londons East End, Migration andsettlement, Working lives andtrades, Charity andwelfare, Refugees from Nazismand the Holocaust, Growingup, Family and home life etc. x
  33. 33. Jewish Museum London Medieval mikveh (Jewish ritual bath) dating from the 13th century, discovered on a building site in Milk Street, London in 2001Steam baths were used by theimmigrant Jewish community living inLondon‘s East End from the 19thcentury. They were an important part ofsocial and religious life and were mostlyused by men following work on a Fridayevening, before going to the synagoguefor prayers.
  34. 34. Jewish postcards from the Hungarian Jewish Archives, BudapestThis exhibition presents aselection of the HungarianJewish Archive historiccollection of postcardsfrom East-Central Europeand the main destinationsof Jewish migration. Thepostcards were the firstpopular mediarepresentations of Jewsand Jewish life. x
  35. 35. Jewish postcard exhibition from HJA Three ages of marriage (to be read from right to left), 1920s
  36. 36. Virtual tour of Jewish FrankfurtThis exhibitionfrom the JewishMuseum inFrankfurtprovides a tour ofJewish Frankfurt:memorial sites,museums, privatehouses, publicbuildings,synagogues andcemeteries. x
  37. 37. Jewish Frankfurt am Main The Porcelain Bear building, with 1903 Art Nouveau façade was originally built to sell kitchenware, glass and porcelain. x
  38. 38. Jewish Neighbourhoods of GreeceThis photographic exhibitionfrom the Jewish Museum ofGreece in Athens depictsmostly pre-war Jewish life in12 communities aroundGreece: Athens, Saloniki,Volos, Larissa, Ioannina,Trikala, Verola, Chalikida,Corfu, Rhodes, Xanthi andZakynthos.Exterior view of the synagogue, Rhodes x
  39. 39. Jewish neighbourhoods of Greece, JMG, Athens Synagogue of CorfuJewish women gathered for afternooncoffee, Rhodes, 1940 x
  40. 40. Jewish Neighbourhoods of Greece Typical Greek Jewish trader of the twentiethMoses Forti, Chalkida, 1957 century x
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