Jda foqa briefing slide view


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Jda foqa briefing slide view

  1. 1. Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) FOR Helicopter Flight Data Monitoring (HFDM) Presented by: Tom Longridge JDA Aviation Technology SolutionsAviation Technology Solutions
  2. 2. What is FOQA? Systematic, pro-active, and non-punitive use of digital flight data from routine operations to improve aviation safety…Aviation Technology Solutions
  3. 3. FOQA Concept External Sources Flight • Safety Reporting Systems Data • Maintenance Databases • Weather Ground Manufacturers Analysis Facility Flight Training FOQA TEAM De-identified • Monitoring Team Mx/Engineering Data • FOQA Analyst • Safety Staff ATC/Airports Events and • Working Groups Safety Measurements Flight OperationsWhat Has Happened Why It HappenedAviation Technology Solutions
  4. 4. What FOQA Brings to Safety  Safety not be defined as absence of accidents  FOQA allows operators to know:  How close to “brink”  Problem severity  FOQA enables decision-makers to actively identify, manage and reduce risksAviation Technology Solutions
  5. 5. Why FOQA is Important  Objective, quantitative data routinely collected during normal operations  FOQA data:  Provides objective measures of normal operations  Enables early identification of problem areas  Reduce risk and increase safety and reliability  Identifies actionable information that can lead to change  FOQA helps change aviation safety from reactive to a proactive modeAviation Technology Solutions
  6. 6. FOQA in U.S. Voluntary program in U.S. Should be non-punitive and focus on identification of root causes and their correction not place blame  Just Culture Operators are not required to obtain FAA approval of FOQA programs  Operators that seek FAA regulatory protections for FOQA data must obtain FAA approval of their FOQA programs Aviation Technology Solutions
  7. 7. FOQA Milestones  1991 - FAA contracts Flight Safety Foundation (FSF) to investigate feasibility of flight data analysis programs for US airlines  FSF report documents feasibility for US and coins the term “FOQA”  1995 - DOT holds “Zero Accidents Safety Summit”  Recommendation - FAA encourage and facilitate FOQA implementation at U.S. air carriers  1995 - FAA funded FOQA Demonstration Project  1999 - UK CAA/Industry jointly funded Helicopter Operations Monitoring Program (HOMP) study  2009 - IHST publishes 1st Edition of HFDM ToolkitAviation Technology Solutions
  8. 8. FOQA Program PhasesAviation Technology Solutions
  9. 9. FOQA Technology Components  Airborne data recording and collection systems  Data Transmission Systems  Ground Data Replay & Analysis System (GDRAS)  Data analysis & visualization tools, e.g., Flight Animation Systems  FOQA technology - has become increasingly feasible for entire range of commercial helicopter operatorsAviation Technology Solutions
  10. 10. Data Acquisition Technology  Dramatic Changes in Technology Past Decade  Quick Access Recorders (QARs), e.g. optical disk  Mini-QARs (Solid State Memory Devices)  Combination units that combine QAR function with Flight Data Acquisition Unit (FDAU)  Light Aircraft Recording Systems (LARS)  Self-contained GPS/Inertial units can capture essential aircraft state information without system bus interface  Newly purchased aircraft may be ordered FOQA equipped, or FOQA ready, directly from the factoryAviation Technology Solutions
  11. 11. Media Evolution  Tapes – now obsolete  Optical Disks  PCMCIA Cards  Compact Flash Cards  Solid state memory devicesAviation Technology Solutions
  12. 12. Data Retrieval Methods  Manual  e.g. physical removal of disk or pcmcia card  e.g. in-aircraft transfer of data from recording media to portable unit  Electronic  e.g. wireless  e.g. cell phone  e.g, satellite  Many competing technological approaches to choose  Considerations: expense in-aircraft equipment installation availability of airport infrastructure bandwidth operating environmentAviation Technology Solutions
  13. 13. Possible Considerations for Choice of Equipment Capability Comparison CommuniCube Teledy Data Retrieval Methods Manual Data Retrieval Autom atic Data Retrieval Cellular Modem WiFi 802.11Modem VHF Modem Satellite Modem Pre Process Data Connectivity ARINC 717 / 573 1 ARINC 429 Rx 7 1 ARINC 429 Tx 7 1 Ethernet 4 RS 422 2 1 RS 232 4 Analog Inputs 44 Analog Outputs 4 Digital Inputs 64 Storage Media (up to GB) 64 Software/Hardware Upgrades Flight Tracking FDR Correlation Satellite phone Electronic Flight Bag Connectivity Maintenance Tracking Maintenance Manual Storage Upload to Aircraft DatabasesAviation Technology Solutions
  14. 14. FOQA Analysis Software  Provide configuration tools for parameters, Logical Frame Layouts (LFLs), aircraft, airports, events, etc.  Transform flight-recorded data into usable format for processing & analysis using LFL  Process data  Analyzes data to detect triggered events & routine operational measurements  Generate reports & visualizations to help event interpretation  Generate trend reports  Referred to as Ground Data Replay and Analysis Systems (GDRAS) in USAviation Technology Solutions
  15. 15. FOQA Analysis Software (Continued)  Availability and usability of FOQA analysis software improving  1996: Two vendors  2004: Eight vendors  2011: Sixteen-plus vendors?  More efficient  1992 FSF Study: One analyst for 20 aircraft  Now: One analyst for 250 aircraft or more  Easier to customize  Build your own events  Better analysis & visualization tools  Vendor analysis services can reduce in-house labor requirementsAviation Technology Solutions
  16. 16. Example of Visualization ToolsAviation Technology Solutions
  17. 17. Flight Animation Systems  Creates real-time, interactive, high fidelity graphical depictions of flight & simulator data  Great analysis & communication tool  Helps better understanding of some events  Useful for training (new airfields, event recreation)  Can be tied into simulator for debriefing purposesAviation Technology Solutions
  18. 18. Typical Data Users In an Operator’s FOQA Program Maintenance/Engineering 57% Operations 71% Operations Control and Dispatch 18% Performance Engineering 29% Pilot Association 32% Safety 93% Training 54% Other 11% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%Aviation Technology Solutions
  19. 19. Pre-defined Events allow streamlined analysis  Events = Grouping of parameters to describe well- recognized, flight operation “evaluation” points to be tracked and monitored  Two types of Events:  Triggered Events  Routine Operational MeasurementsAviation Technology Solutions
  20. 20. Triggered Events  Occur outside normal operating envelopes for specific make/model/series  Defined in terms of values of applicable parameters  May be specified in terms of seriousness: Low – Medium - High  Generates data characterizing each event  Example Triggered Event:  Excessive pitch-up during landing Pitch>15 degrees, Elevation<50 feet MSL, Ground Speed<40 knots, Duration<2 seconds  Excessive rate of descent Elevation<10K ft MSL, Ground Speed>30 knots, Vertical Speed>1500 ft/min, duration>2 secondsAviation Technology Solutions
  21. 21. Routine Operational Measurements  Provides “Snapshot” of normal operations  Useful for tracking how close to edge of normal operations is being experienced  Provides statistical information that can be used to determine what is “normal”  Example Routine Operational Measurements:  Takeoff/climb speed at 400 feet MSL  Vertical Speed, Ground Speed at 450 ft MSL, Latitude 34o 1.0 min North, Longitude 118o 27.2 min WestAviation Technology Solutions
  22. 22. Distribution Based Analysis  Some operators prefer distribution-based approach to focus on triggered events and routine operational measurements  More powerful analysis and identification of anomalies  Entire distribution of values for every FOQA parameter is collected and analyzed  Allows determination of shape, average value, and variance of a distribution for given period of time.  Entire distributions compared over timeAviation Technology Solutions
  23. 23. Change in Parameter Distribution Over Time P A R V A A M L TREND E U T E E R TIME IN MONTHSAviation Technology Solutions
  24. 24. U.S. Regulatory Protections FOQA Rule (14 CFR Part 13.401)  Effective 30 November 2001 FAA Approved FOQA Programs:  No use of FOQA data for enforcement Exception - criminal or deliberate acts  Requires aggregate FOQA data to be provided to FAA in form and manner acceptable to Administrator for use in monitoring safety trends  Requires FAA approved FOQA Implementation & Operations (I&O) Plan Aviation Technology Solutions
  25. 25. U.S. Regulatory Protections Safety Data  Safety Data Protection Rule (Part 193)  Published 25 June 2001  FAA Order 8000.81  Effective April 14, 2003  FOQA data provided to FAA from approved, voluntary FOQA program  Protected from public disclosure  FAA protects FOQA data from release under FOIA  Once designated as protected IAW Part 193Aviation Technology Solutions
  26. 26. FOQA Advisory Circular (AC No: 120-82)  Published 12 April 2004  Based on review and recommendations by FOQA Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARC)  Provides guidance on means to develop, implement, and operate voluntary FOQA program acceptable to FAAAviation Technology Solutions
  27. 27. FAA Access to FOQA Data  Approved FOQA I&O Plans requires:  Provide access to de-identified aggregate and trend data  Regularly brief local FAA office on adverse safety trends  Inform FAA of corrective actions planned or taken  Level of local FAA office involvement varies by operatorAviation Technology Solutions
  28. 28. FOQA Integration with Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) ASAP - voluntary program for obtaining reports of safety related events, including alleged violations of FARs 90+ operators have FAA Approved ASAP MOUs  Most U.S. operators with FOQA Programs also have ASAP Programs FOQA provides objective data on what happened ASAP provides insight as to why it happened ASAP is acceptable means of meeting SMS requirement for employee reporting program Aviation Technology Solutions
  29. 29. SMS HFDMAviation Technology Solutions
  30. 30. SMS Process Flow for Hazard ID and Risk Management Start System Analysis & Hazard Identification Inputs: Safety Risk Mgt System & •New System Task •System Change Analysis •New Operational Procedure Hazard Identification Inputs: Safety Risk Mgt •Hazards identified from Safety Assurance Risk Risk Assessment & Analysis Control Evaluate Controls Risk Outputs: To Safety Assessment Assurance, Control/ Mitigate Safety Risk) Risk ControlAviation Technology Solutions
  31. 31. Closing the Loop with FOQA Data  Identify problems  Determine corrective Review Data – Acquire Data – actionEvaluate Actions Identify Problems Taken  Evaluate effectiveness of corrective actions based on continued acquisition and analysis of FOQA data Analyze Data – Implement Corrective ActionAviation Technology Solutions
  32. 32. FOQA/ASAP Information Sharing Meetings  Operators present safety issues identified and actions taken, or planned  Based on individual FOQA & ASAP data  Includes OPS, FA, DX, and MX employee group ASAPs Provides for both separate (by discipline) meetings & joint sessions  Managed by MITRE for FAA Next meeting 29-31 March 2011 in Memphis, TN  Register Online for InfoShare at: www.mitrecaasd.org/infoshareAviation Technology Solutions
  33. 33. Aviation Safety Information Analysis & Sharing (ASIAS) FAA program with MITRE IT & analytical support  Aggregate and cross-correlate safety related data from multiple sources:  De-identified FOQA, ASAP, VDRP, ASRS data  FAA data, e.g. ATC radar data, NMACS, AIDS, etc.  Military data National resource for discovering common, systemic safety problems  Span multiple operators, fleets and regions in global air transportation system  Requires wide industry participation for success  Supports multi-agency data sharing  Supports international data sharing Governed by joint FAA/Industry ASIAS board Operator signs non-disclosure agreement and MOU with MITRE Participation is acceptable means of complying with 14 CFR 13.401 Benchmark individual operations against national average See http://www.asias.faa.gov/ for further info and contact informationAviation Technology Solutions
  34. 34. Useful Resources  www.ihst.org  HFDM Toolkit and other resources  www.caa.co.uk  HFDM study reports and other resources  www.foqa-asap.com  Info and tools for both FOQA and ASAP  rgl.faa.gov/Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library  FAA FOQA AC 120-82 and other resourcesAviation Technology Solutions
  35. 35. Successful FOQA Programs Require People A Skilled Team of Professionals Processes Integrated Step-by-Step Activities Technology Tools, Technology, and Support FOQA REQUIRES THE COORDINATION OF ALL THREEAviation Technology Solutions
  36. 36. The End Any Questions?If you have any questions click on any of the links below to either send us an email or view our web pages, thank you for your interest. (Links work in Slide Show mode only.) Our FOQA Team Aviation Technology Solutions Bill Norwood Bob Whetsell Greg Taylorwnorwood@jdasolutions.aero bobw@aerobytes.co.uk gtaylor@westernavionics.com www.jdasolutions.aero www.aerobytes.co.uk www.westernavionics.com 301-941-1460 ext 170 512-898-8809 800-668-9704 Presented at Heli-Expo 2011Aviation Technology Solutions
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