Inglês Resposta: VFVVF Justificativa:Text 1 0-0) Verdadeira. A autoria das peças de Shakespeare Actress tries to bury claim that Shakespeare had to tem sido posta em dúvida nos últimos 150 anos. have been an aristocrat to write his plays 1-1) Falsa. Pelo menos dois dos atores das peças de Shakespeare acreditam que ele não era oDame Janet Suzman, who has played an extensive range of verdadeiro autor.leading parts in Shakespeares dramas, has launched an 2-2) Verdadeira. Jacobi e Rylance acreditam que ooutspoken attack on her fellow Shakespearean actors Sir marquês de Oxford é o verdadeiro autor.Derek Jacobi and Mark Rylance for giving succour to 3-3) Verdadeira. Bacon e Marlowe, entre outros,"conspiracy theories" that the worlds most famous suspeitavam que Shakespeare não era oplaywright was not the sole author of his works. verdadeiro autor.Doubts about Shakespeares authorship have been voiced 4-4) Falsa. Apenas Suzman considera inquestionável afor more than 150 years, with the usual suspects including autoria das obras pelo próprio Shakespeare.Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe and Edward de Vere,the 17th Earl of Oxford. Last year the film Anonymous 02. The so-called “conspiracy theories”portrayed the Bard as a drunken, inarticulate buffoon andOxford as the genius behind Hamlet, Macbeth and King 0-0) state that Shakespeare is not the sole author ofLear. his plays. 1-1) are backed up by Jacobi and Rylance.Rylance, who is currently performing in Richard III at 2-2) do not take seriously the belief that the Earl ofLondons Globe theatre, has appeared to support the theory Oxford was the real author of Shakespeare´sthat the earl may have been the real author of the plays, plays.citing his familiarity with Italy, where he travelled widely: 3-3) have been largely ignored by Janet Suzman."You would expect a playwright who set 14 of 37 plays in 4-4) provided the basis for the film Anonimous.Italy to have been there, and the knowledge is exact."Then, in a talk in June, Jacobi said the earl was the real Resposta: VVFFVauthor, choosing to conceal his identity to escape the wrathof the authorities. "I believe the man from Stratford-upon- Justificativa:Avon, known as Shakespeare, became the frontman for …the 17th Earl of Oxford. 0-0) Verdadeira. De acordo com essas teorias, Shakespeare não é o único autor de suas obras.Suzman takes on "the Oxfordians" in a book published by 1-1) Verdadeira. Jacobi e Rylance apoiam essasOberon Books this summer entitled Not Hamlet. Although teorias.the work mainly deals with the treatment of women in 2-2) Falsa. A crença de que o Marquês de Oxford é otheatre, she also devotes a chapter to the authorship verdadeiro autor das obras de Shakespeare temquestion and "conspiracy theories". base nessas teorias.She accuses film producers Sony of "wasting their money" 3-3) Falsa. Suzman atacou severamente essas teorias.on Anonymous – the cast of which included both actors – 4-4) Verdadeira. O filme reflete essas teorias.calling the production "a far-fetched film … [with] no facts toback it up". 03. Janet SuzmanIn the book she writes: "You have to be a conspiracy 0-0) has played only minor parts in Shakespeare´stheorist to imagine the earl secretly wrote 37 plays, plays.performed and printed over a quarter of a century, without 1-1) is the author of a book whose main aim is tobeing found out. And you have to be a snob if you just hate attack conspiracy theories.it that the greatest poet the world has produced was born 2-2) devoted a chapter of her book to contradict whatinto the humble aldermanic classes of a provincial town." she calls ‘Shakespeare myths’. Adapted from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2012/aug/19. 3-3) thinks it is snobbish to deny Shakespeare´s 23/08/2012. authorship due to his humble origins. 4-4) admits it is perfectly possible for someone toAnswer questions 1 to 4 according to Text 1. write, perform and publish 37 plays secretly. Resposta: FFVVF01. The authorship of Shakespeare´s plays 0-0) has been under suspicion for more than a Justificativa: century. 1-1) has never been a question for debate among their 0-0) Falsa. Suzman representou um grande número de performers. papéis principais nas peças de Shakespeare. 2-2) has been attributed to the 17th Earl of Oxford by 1-1) Falsa. O tema central do livro é o tratamento das at least two of the contemporary Shakespearean mulheres no teatro. actors. 2-2) Verdadeira. Um dos capítulos do livro trata das 3-3) had already been doubted by Francis Bacon and “teorias da conspiração”. Christopher Marlowe among others. 3-3) Verdadeira. Ela afirma que só um esnobe acharia 4-4) is considered unquestionable by both Suzman impossível uma pessoa de origem humilde and Rylance. produzir obras de valor.
4-4) Falsa. Ela afirma que só um “teórico da Yet the issue of how to extract him from Britain remains conspiração” acharia possível alguém escrever, problematic. Britain’s refusal to provide safe passage to exibir e publicar 37 peças secretamente sem ser Ecuador, and Sweden’s refusal to question him on the descoberto. embassy’s premises, could mean Mr. Assange remains in the embassy for at least the duration of Ecuador’s upcoming election campaign. For Mr. Correa, the Australian former04. “Anonimous” hacker is proof that Ecuador is not, as foreign and private 0-0) is a Sony film launched last year. domestic media insist, a threat to its people’s freedom of 1-1) portrays the Earl of Oxford as a drunken expression. Still, since Mr. Assange moved into the aristocrat. embassy, the government has seized the computers of the 2-2) contradicts “the Oxfordians” theory. critical magazine Vanguardia on trumped-up charges for the 3-3) includes in its cast both Rylance and Jacobi. second time, and opened individuals’ internet protocol (IP) 4-4) has been vehemently attacked by Suzman. addresses to government scrutiny. In: http://www.economist.com/blogs/americasview/2012/08/britain- Resposta: VFFVV and-ecuador. 23/082012. Adapted. Justificativa: Answer questions 5 to 9 according to Text 2. 0-0) Verdadeira. Anonimous foi produzido pela Sony e lançado ano passado. 05. It is implied that 1-1) Falsa. O filme apresenta Oxford como um gênio 0-0) the president of Ecuador is reluctant to give da Literatura. diplomatic asylum to Julian Assange. 2-2) Falsa. O filme é baseado na teoria de que o 1-1) only Sweden and the United States have been Marquês de Oxford é o autor das peças de reacting against the publication of confidential Shakespeare. documents by WikiLeaks. 3-3) Verdadeira. Rylance e Jacobi fazem parte do 2-2) diplomatic relations between Ecuador and Britain elenco. had already been threatened on other occasions. 4-4) Verdadeira. O filme tem sido severamente 3-3) Mr. Correa and Mr. Patiño do not agree as to the criticado por Suzman. granting of asylum to the Australian hacker. 4-4) Ecuadorean diplomats are not prepared to dealText 2 with cases of diplomatic asylum. Asylum for Assange Resposta: FFVFVON AUGUST 17th Ecuador announced its decision to grant Justificativa:diplomatic asylum to Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks,the organization which has published reams of classified 0-0) Falsa. O governo do Equador já decidiu dar asilodocuments to the consternation of governments around the a Assange.world. Two months earlier Mr. Assange had entered 1-1) Falsa. O vazamento de tais informações foi umEcuador’s London embassy to avoid extradition to Sweden, choque para toda a comunidade internacional.where he faces questioning for alleged sexual abuse. 2-2) Verdadeira. Esta é uma nova crise, portantoEcuador’s foreign minister, Ricardo Patiño, rallied the subentende-se que houve outras.Americas against Britain’s display of “gross blackmail” in 3-3) Falsa. As ações do ministro mostram que elethreatening to arrest Mr. Assange on the premises of the concorda com o presidente sobre a concessão deLondon embassy. Even diehard opponents of Rafael asilo a Assange.Correa, Ecuador’s president, railed against Britain’s ham- 4-4) Verdadeira. Os diplomatas equatorianos sãohanded invocation of a never-used, 1987 law to insinuate inexperientes e ignoram que a maioria dos paísesthat it could, eventually, have the right to enter the embassy. europeus não aceita o conceito de asilo diplomático.The row has taken British-Ecuadorean relations to a newlow. Britain appears to have delayed dispatching a newambassador to the embassy flat in Quito, Ecuador’s capital, 06. Julian Assangewhich it shares with Germany and which is already almost 0-0) was in danger of being extradited to the Unitedbereft of British staffers. States. 1-1) fears to have to face death penalty if he isWikiLeaks staffers visited Quito to sound out the situation, extradited to the United States.and the embassy prepared a room in its London flat for 2-2) will be able to stay at the Ecuadorian embassy´sAssange’s arrival. But unbeknownst to his inexperienced flat in London.crop of diplomats, says an official close to Mr. Correa, 3-3) has been charged with the crime of disclosing aEuropean countries, unlike Latin American ones, mostly do huge number of classified American documents.not accept the concept of diplomatic asylum. 4-4) will have to leave the embassy before Ecuador’sMr. Patiño prepared a lengthy paper invoking international election campaign begins.law and human rights to defend Mr. Assange, anddemonstrate Ecuador’s willingness to negotiate with Resposta: FVVFFSweden, Britain, and America. While the United States hasnot charged him with a crime, Mr. Assange fears he could Justificativa:ultimately face the death penalty there for his role inpublishing hundreds of thousands of classified American 0-0) Falsa. O governo britânico ameaçava extraditá-lodocuments. para a Suécia.
1-1) Verdadeira. Embora não haja acusação formal 2-2) Verdadeira. Tanto a mídia estrangeira quanto a contra ele, Assange teme ser condenado à morte nativa tem acusado o governo equatoriano de nos Estados Unidos. cercear a liberdade de expressão no país. 2-2) Verdadeira. A embaixada preparou um quarto em 3-3) Verdadeira. O confisco dos computadores da seu apartamento de Londres para receber revista Vanguardia é um exemplo do Assange. cerceamento da liberdade de expressão no 3-3) Falsa. Embora responsável pela divulgação Equador. desses documentos confidenciais, Assange não 4-4) Falsa. A Suécia recusou interrogar Assange na foi acusado de crime pelos Estados Unidos. embaixada. 4-4) Falsa. Talvez Assange tenha que permanecer na embaixada até o final da campanha eleitoral do 09. It is also said that Equador. 0-0) most European countries do not accept the concept of diplomatic asylum.07. Britain 1-1) the privacy of individual’s internet protocols has 0-0) was largely criticized for its intention to enter the been preserved in Ecuador. embassy in order to arrest Assange. 2-2) the embassy flat in Quito is presently occupied by 1-1) has invoked the Vienna Convention to justify an many British staffers. eventual entrance to the embassy. 3-3) Mr. Patiño has tried to gain the other American 2-2) and Germany share an embassy flat in Quito. countries´support against Britain´s intention to 3-3) hasn’t had an ambassador in Quito for quite some arrest Assange. time. 4-4) The dossier prepared by the foreign minister 4-4) has agreed to grant safe passage to Assange. shows that Ecuador has no intention to negotiate with the other countries involved in Assange´s Resposta: VFVVF case. Justificativa: Resposta: VFFVF 0-0) Verdadeira. Mesmo os mais ferrenhos oponentes Justificativa: do presidente do Equador discordaram da intenção do governo britânico de entrar na 0-0) Verdadeira. Diferentemente da América Latina, a embaixada equatoriana para prender Assange. maioria dos países europeus não aceita o 1-1) Falsa. Foi invocada uma lei de 1987, nunca conceito de asilo diplomático. usada antes. 1-1) Falsa. Os protocolos de internet foram 2-2) Verdadeira. Diplomatas britânicos e alemães recentemente analisados pelo governo. dividem um apartamento da embaixada 2-2) Falsa. O apartamento está praticamente vazio de equatoriana em Quito. funcionários britânicos. 3-3) Verdadeira. O governo britânico tem retardado o 3-3) Verdadeira. O ministro tem procurado conseguir envio de um novo embaixador a Quito. apoio do restante da América. 4-4) Falsa. O governo britânico recusou salvo-conduto 4-4) Falsa. O documento preparado pelo ministro a Assange. procura mostrar que o Equador está disposto a negociar.08. The text states that Text 3 0-0) WikiLeaks staffers went to Quito in order to find a place for Assange to stay. Growing disbelief 1-1) Assange’s greatest fear is to be extradited to Sweden where he will have to face a charge for AMERICA is not an easy place for atheists. Religion sexual abuse. pervades the public sphere, and studies show that non- 2-2) Ecuador has often been accused of threatening believers are more distrusted than other minorities. Several its people’s freedom of expression. states still ban atheists from holding public office and over 3-3) the recent seizing of the critical magazine 40% of Americans say they would never vote for an atheist Vanguardia’s computers contradicts the presidential candidate. government’s claims that there is no threat to freedom of expression in Ecuador. Yet the past seven years have seen a fivefold increase in 4-4) the Swedish government has agreed to question people who call themselves atheists, to 5% of the Assange in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. population, according to WIN-Gallup International, a network of pollsters. Meanwhile, the proportion of Americans who say they are religious has fallen from 73% in 2005 to 60% in Resposta: FFVVF 2011. Justificativa: This change may have come about because of an informal movement of non-believers known as “New Atheism”. Over 0-0) Falsa. Os funcionários da WikiLeaks foram a Quito the past eight years, authors such as Richard Dawkins and para se informar melhor sobre a situação. the late Christopher Hitchens have attacked religion in 1-1) Falsa. O que ele mais teme é a extradição para os bestselling books, appealing persuasively to logic and EUA, onde ele poderia terminar sendo science. Mr. Dawkins, a British biologist, has especially condenado à morte. encouraged people to declare their disbelief.
Earlier this year he spoke at the “Reason Rally”, a gathering 4-4) according to recent polling more than half of theof thousands of secularists on the Mall in Washington, DC. Americans are atheists.“We are approaching a tipping point”, he predicted, “wherethe number of people who have come out becomes so great Resposta: VVVFFthat suddenly everyone will realize, I can come out too.” Justificativa:Some are doing so loudly. When Democratic convention-goers arrive in Charlotte, North Carolina, they will be 0-0) Verdadeira. Vários estados americanos nãogreeted by a billboard sponsored by a group called permitem que ateus tenham acesso a cargosAmerican Atheists that claims Christianity “promotes hate” públicos.and exalts a “useless savior”. A similar billboard mocking 1-1) Verdadeira. Autores como Hitchens e DawkinsMormonism was planned for the Republican convention, but recorrem a argumentos lógicos e científicos parano one would sell the group space. atacar a religião.American Atheists is also trying to block the display of a 2-2) Verdadeira. Dawkins acha que o crescimento emcross-shaped steel beam at the September 11th museum in número daqueles que se declaram ateusNew York. The beam, found in the wreckage of the World estimulará mais pessoas a assumirem seuTrade Centre, was a totem for rescuers. The atheists see its ateísmo.inclusion as an unconstitutional mingling of church and 3-3) Falsa. O número de pessoas que se declaramstate. The museum says the cross is an historical artefact, religiosas tem diminuído rapidamente.and that anyway it is not a government agency. Fights like 4-4) Falsa. Pesquisas recentes mostram que 60% dosthis are unlikely to enhance atheism’s growing appeal in americanos acreditam em Deus.America. In: 12. The considerable fall in religiosity in Americahttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2012/08/athe ism. 24/08/2012. Adapted. 0-0) may be due to a movement called “New Atheism”. 1-1) corresponds to a growth in the number of people who declare themselves atheists. Answer questions 10 to 13 according to Text 3. 2-2) has been detected by just one pollster. 3-3) may be due to American Atheists’ aggressive10. It is implied that attitudes. 4-4) has been happening for the last seven years. 0-0) it is very unlikely for an atheist to be elected president of the United States. Resposta: VVFFV 1-1) religious discrimination in America is stronger against non-Christian creeds than against Justificativa: atheism. 2-2) the banning of atheists from holding public offices 0-0) Verdadeira. Este decréscimo da religiosidade is supported by the American constitution. americana pode ser atribuída ao “New Atheism”. 3-3) atheist ideas don’t sell books in America. 1-1) Verdadeira. Esta queda corresponde ao aumento 4-4) according to the American constitution religious do número de ateus declarados. and state matters must be kept apart. 2-2) Falsa. Tal decréscimo foi atestado pela WIN- Gallup International, que é uma rede de agências Resposta: VFFFV de pesquisa de opinião. 3-3) Falsa. Ao contrário, os conflitos causados por tais Justificativa: atitudes agressivas podem desestimular o crescimento do ateísmo. 0-0) Verdadeira. Mais de 40% dos Americanos não 4-4) Verdadeira. Esse decréscimo na religiosidade votariam num ateu para presidente. americana é uma característica dos últimos sete 1-1) Falsa. Os americanos têm menos confiança nos anos. ateus do que noutras minorias. 2-2) Falsa. Impedir que ateus exerçam cargos públicos é proibido pela constituição americana. 13. The group known as “American Atheists” 3-3) Falsa. Livros como os de Hitchens e Dawkins 0-0) is more tolerant to Christianity than to estão entre os mais vendidos. Mormonism. 4-4) Verdadeira. Na constituição americana, igreja e 1-1) is responsible for the billboard against Christians estado não se misturam. to be exhibited at the Democratic convention in North Carolina.11. It is stated that 2-2) tried to install a billboard offending Mormons at the Republican convention. 0-0) the right to hold public office is denied to atheists 3-3) succeeded in impeding the display of a cross- in several states of America. shaped steel beam in the September 11th 1-1) contemporary atheist authors have tried to Museum in New York. persuade readers that believing in God is against 4-4) has accused the museum of unconstitutional logic and science. behavior for displaying an object which has a 2-2) Mr. Dawkins predicts that as the number of religious appeal. people who declare their disbelief increases, more people will be encouraged to do the same. Resposta: FVVFV 3-3) the number of Americans who declare themselves religious has been decreasing slowly. Justificativa:
Answer questions 14 to 16 according to Text 4. 0-0) Falsa. O grupo tem atitudes semelhantes para com essas religiões. 14. In New York 1-1) Verdadeira. O grupo é responsável pelo pôster que será exibido na convenção democrática. 0-0) e-bikes are more popular than in Europe. 2-2) Verdadeira. O grupo tentou colocar um pôster 1-1) the City Council considers e-bike riding in itself a contra os Mórmons na convenção republicana. violation of the law. 3-3) Falsa. O grupo tem tentado impedir a exposição 2-2) the restaurant business is greatly dependent on de um objeto em forma de cruz no Museu do 11 e-bicycle delivery. de setembro. 3-3) delivery cyclists are responsible for a low 4-4) Verdadeira. O grupo acusa o museu de percentage of accidents involving inconstitucionalidade por exibir um símbolo pedestrians. cristão. 4-4) it´s very unlikely for an e-bike rider to be fined if he or she behaves properly.Text 4 Resposta: FVVFVHell on Wheels: Environmentally Friendly Electric Bikes Pose City Menace… Or Do They? Justificativa:For the past two months, The New York Observer had been 0-0) Falsa. Bicicletas elétricas são menos popularesdeluged with emails asking if we’d like to test drive one of nos Estados Unidos do que na Europa.those new electric bicycles. Finally, we relented. 1-1) Verdadeira. O simples fato de usar uma bicicleta elétrica é considerado infração.Ultimately, e-bikes, which have a top speed of 20 mph, 2-2) Verdadeira. A rapidez na entrega de refeições éseem no more dangerous than fixed-gear bicycles or, for muito importante para a satisfação dosthat matter, actual motorcycles or Vespas. The real danger consumidores.is legal: by merely getting on the bike, we later discovered, 3-3) Falsa. 72% de 1.305 entrevistados disseram terwe were technically breaking New York State law. sido atropelados ou quase por bicicletas de entregadores.While electric bikes haven’t caught on here like they have in 4-4) Verdadeira. As leis referentes a bicicletas elétricasEurope and Asia, experts figure that around 100,000 were são tão confusas que dificilmente alguém serásold last year in the U.S. They are a staple of New York’s multado por usar uma delas.restaurant industry, allowing customers’ food to be deliveredquickly and piping hot, thanks to the bike’s battery-poweredboost. For the men and women who spend all day pedaling, 15. The reporter comments thate-bikes offer an energy-friendly alternative that requires a 0-0) delivery cyclists often show inadequate behaviorfraction of the work. such as riding on sidewalks or against traffic.According to New York State and municipal legislation, 1-1) e-bikes are very convenient as they are friendly toelectric bikes are 100 percent illegal to ride. The good news the environment and demand less effort from thefor e-bike proponents? The laws regarding the bikes are so rider.contradictory and confusing that you’d be hard-pressed to 2-2) free-gear bikes and vespas are less dangerousfind a police officer who would give you a ticket. than e-bikes. 3-3) he only knew that e-bikes were illegal after the “The fines for breaking traffic laws [with e-bikes] should be test drive.even higher than when you break rules with traditional 4-4) e-bike selling is a flourishing business in thebikes,” Councilman Garodnick told us, mentioning that the United States.vehicles’ weight, speed and relative silence all make them adanger to pedestrians. Resposta: VVFVVThe crackdowns seemingly have less to do with the dangersthe bikes themselves pose and more with the behavior of Justificativa:the people riding them. Deliverymen are often cited as thesource of the problem—riding on sidewalks, against traffic 0-0) Verdadeira. São muito comuns essas infraçõesand through red lights on both regular bikes and the por parte de ciclistas entregadores.motorized variety. (In a constituent survey, Councilwoman 1-1) Verdadeira. E-bikes não agridem o meio ambienteLappin found that 72 percent of the 1,305 respondents said e exigem menor esforço do usuário.they have been hit or almost hit by a delivery bike.) 2-2) Falsa. Bicicletas elétricas não são mais perigosas que as tradicionais e as vespas.Still, in order to get these bigger fines passed, the City 3-3) Verdadeira. Ele só soube da ilegalidade depois deCouncil is working from the assumption that all e-bike testar uma das bicicletas.riders—even those obeying traffic laws—are violating state 4-4) Verdadeira. Cerca de 100.000 bicicletas elétricaslaw simply by riding these relatively safe, low-powered foram vendidas no ano passado, nos Estadoselectric bikes. Unidos. Adapted from: http://www.observer.com/2012/08/hell-on-wheels. 24/08/2012. 16. It is claimed that 0-0) fines for breaking traffic laws should be higher for e-bikes than for traditional ones. 1-1) the greater speed and silence of e-bikes makes them even more dangerous to pedestrians.
2-2) delivery cyclists are more likely to commit infractions when they ride e-bikes.3-3) the legislation concerning e-bike riding isn’t clear enough.4-4) the real problem lies in cyclists’ misbehavior rather than on the danger posed by e-bikes themselves.Resposta: VVFVVJustificativa:0-0) Verdadeira. O conselheiro Garodnick defende multas mais altas para bicicletas elétricas.1-1) Verdadeira. O fato de serem mais rápidas e silenciosas torna-as mais perigosas.2-2) Falsa. Os entregadores cometem infrações com qualquer tipo de bicicleta.3-3) Verdadeira. A legislação é muito confusa.4-4) Verdadeira. O verdadeiro problema é o mau comportamento dos ciclistas, e não o perigo inerente às bicicletas.