Rubric details for MAJORS MAJOR One –Discussion Discussion Board- Analysis of Images Journal Three: Essays MAJOR Two: WEEK FIVE
MAJOR Assignment Rubric Organization and DevelopmentContent The entire compositionThe paper... Is logically organized Addresses the topic or question Has a solid argument with supporting Accurately presents facts and issues evidence Provides sufficient textual evidence to support Main pointsthe argument Are relevant to the thesis statement Are discussed without too muchStructure repetitionThe introduction... Is present in the paper Style Includes a clearly stated thesis Is concise and precise Indicates how the paper is organized Is free of misspellingsThe body... Is free of grammatical mistakes Contains a complete discussion and supportEach paragraph... Lacks incomplete sentences Includes a topic sentence Uses correct punctuation Develops one main idea Includes subject/verb agreement Has a transition sentence linking it to the next Uses pronouns correctlyparagraph Is free of jargon and clichésThe conclusion... Cites references correctly Recaps the thesis statement and the essays main MLA Works Cited page is correctpoints Presents a closing statement of the facts
MAJOR One: Structure = Paragraphs What three elements do paragraphs have?
Answer: Topic Sentence Main Idea(s) Transition Sentence
Body Paragraphs: Moving fromGeneral to Specific InformationYour paper should be organized in amanner that moves from general tospecific information. Every time youbegin a new subject, think of aninverted pyramid - the broadestrange of information sits at the top,and as the paragraph or paperprogresses, the author becomes moreand more focused on the argumentending with specific, detailedevidence supporting a claim. Lastly,the author explains how and why theinformation she has just providedconnects to and supports her thesis(a brief wrap up or warrant).
The four elements of a goodparagraph (TTEB)A good paragraph should contain atleast the following four elements:Transition, Topic sentence, specificEvidence and analysis, and a Briefwrap-up sentence (also known as awarrant) – TTEB!
1.A Transition sentence leading infrom a previous paragraph to assuresmooth reading. This acts as a handoff from one idea to the next.2.A Topic sentence that tells thereader what you will be discussing inthe paragraph.3.Specific Evidence and analysis thatsupports one of your claims and thatprovides a deeper level of detail thanyour topic sentence.4.A Brief wrap-up sentence that tellsthe reader how and why thisinformation supports the paper’sthesis. The brief wrap-up is alsoknown as the warrant. The warrant isimportant to your argument becauseit connects your reasoning andsupport to your thesis, and it showsthat the information in the paragraphis related to your thesis and helpsdefend it.
InductionInduction is the type of reasoning that movesfrom specific facts to a general conclusion. Whenyou use induction in your paper, you will stateyour thesis (which is actually the conclusion youhave come to after looking at all the facts) andthen support your thesis with the facts. Thefollowing is an example of induction taken fromDorothy U. Seyler’s Understanding Argument:Facts:There is the dead body of Smith. Smith was shotin his bedroom between the hours of 11:00 p.m.and 2:00 a.m., according to the coroner. Smithwas shot with a .32 caliber pistol. The pistol leftin the bedroom contains Jones’s fingerprints.Jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering theSmith home at around 11:00 p.m. the night ofSmith’s death. A coworker heard Smith andJones arguing in Smith’s office the morning ofthe day Smith died.Conclusion: Jones killed Smith.
DeductionWhen you use deduction in anargument, you begin with generalpremises and move to a specificconclusion. There is a precise patternyou must use when you reasondeductively. This pattern is calledsyllogistic reasoning (the syllogism).Syllogistic reasoning (deduction) isorganized in three steps:A. Major premiseB. Minor premiseC. Conclusion
Socrates1.Major premise: All men are mortal.2.Minor premise: Socrates is a man.3.Conclusion: Socrates is mortal.Lincoln1.Major premise: People who performwith courage and clear purpose in acrisis are great leaders.2.Minor premise: Lincoln was aperson who performed with courageand a clear purpose in a crisis.3.Conclusion: Lincoln was a greatleader.
So in order for deduction to work in the example involvingSocrates, you must agree that 1) all men are mortal (theyall die); and 2) Socrates is a man. If you disagree with eitherof these premises, the conclusion is invalid. The exampleusing Socrates isn’t so difficult to validate. But when youmove into more murky water (when you use terms such ascourage, clear purpose, and great), the connections gettenuous.For example, some historians might argue that Lincoln didn’treally shine until a few years into the Civil War, after manyUnion losses to Southern leaders such as Robert E. Lee.The following is a more clear example of deduction goneawry:1.Major premise: All dogs make good pets.2.Minor premise: Doogle is a dog.3.Conclusion: Doogle will make a good pet.
On to Images: (page 176) Content: Main objects? Which are more prominent, which less? Framing: How is it framed? Within boundaries? Omitted? How is focus Influenced? Composition: Arrangement? Symmetry orasymmetry? Close, far apart, above, below, right, left? Background? Relationship implies..?Focus: Sharp? Soft? Clear? Fuzzy? How does focus affect attention, relationships in pic? Lighting: Well lit? Dark? Shadows? Harsh light, or soft? Contrast in tones? What’s darkest, lightest? Might different lighting change the pic? Texture: How might the image “feel”, if you could touch it? Relationship to content? Angle and Vantage Point: What is angle? Straighton, above, below? How is composition affected? What is in foreground, background? What’s more prominent?
Significance is the final product ofanalysis: it is what the totality ofthe image connotes, and is thesummation of all the elementsthat have been discussed beforeit.While this final product is still anelement that can be argued, thebest analysis is one that has takenall the other elements intoconsideration for this conclusion.
Read Jean Kilbourne’s essay “Addiction As A Relationship”, page 540—548 in Composition ofEveryday Life. Answer all “Writing Strategies” and “Exploring Ideas” questions, in fullsentences, (approximately 3-7 should be good), identifying each question by number, only.NEXT: Go to Chapters 5 and 6, and choose one (1) essay: do “Writing Strategies”, “ExploringIdeas”, and choose an “Ideas For Writing” exercise to create a 250 word essay. Remember, thisessay can be any size: 250 words is an estimated count that ensures you explore the idea in afull, and meaningful way.WORDS OF CAUTION: Full assignment points means you do the full assignment. Pointswill be lost if you are missing either full sentences, answer the questions in a single sentence (orless), or are simply missing whole sections and/or questions. Please be conscientious aboutfulfilling each facet of any given assignment. Thank you, John A Butler
For MAJOR Two, we are going to choose a topic through two means: concepts, andimages. Taking a broad topic, we will begin to whittle the concept down to a workable size: forinstance: take the concept of “INJUSTICE”. Through clustering, a general image search, andscouring general news sources (Huffington Post, Fox News, Mlive, etc.) begin to gatherinformation on more specific facets that represent, in a concrete and direct way, your broadertheme. Below will be a list of general themes: you can choose one of these, or one approved byme. Through both the Discussion Board, and reading articles that illustrate this theme in ananecdotal way, (i.e. personal stories), you are assigned to develop a paper that uses theseexamples, after addressing your topic in a general way. TOPICSActivism Privilege v. Rights Success Responsibility HumilityRighteousness Failure Kindness Leadership GenerosityCreativity Despair Hatred Love Selfishness