Unit 7 Notes <ul><li>Mr. Allen </li></ul><ul><li>World Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Test over this on Thursday 3/12. </li><...
Jordan River <ul><li>Forms the natural boundary between Israel and Jordan. </li></ul><ul><li>It is considered to be one of...
Crude Oil <ul><li>Another name for petroleum that has not been processed. </li></ul>
Rub al-Khali <ul><li>Most famous desert in the region, also known as the Empty Quarter.   </li></ul><ul><li>One of the lar...
Euphrates River <ul><li>The western of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (the other being the Tigris) which flo...
Dead Sea <ul><li>A landlocked salt lake  between Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Jordan to the east. </li></ul>
Salt flat <ul><li>An area of desert in which the moisture has evaporated and salt chemicals remain. </li></ul>
Drip irrigation <ul><li>a practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water above ground to conserve water use for crop...
Refinery <ul><li>A place where crude oil is converted into products such as gasoline and heating oil. </li></ul>
The Kurds <ul><li>A group of people living in areas of Turkey,Iraq, and Iran for the past 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>H...
Muhammad <ul><li>The prophet who is considered the founder of Islam; regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God...
Zionism <ul><li>A movement to create and support a Jewish homeland in Palestine </li></ul>
Mecca <ul><li>Located in Saudi Arabia,  the holy city to which all Muslims hope to make a pilgrimage ; it is the holiest c...
Followers of Islam <ul><li>religious duties of the followers of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
' Five Pillars ' of Islam  <ul><li>Shahadah  - Islamic proclamation that &quot;There is no true God except Allah and Muham...
' Five Pillars ' of Islam  <ul><li>Prayer (Salat)  - Prayer is performed five times a day. The first prayer is at dawn and...
' Five Pillars ' of Islam  <ul><li>Fasting (Saum) -  The month of Ramadan is the month of fasting in Islam. It is an act o...
' Five Pillars ' of Islam  <ul><li>Charity (Zakat) -  Charity given to the poor. It benefits the poor and it helps the giv...
' Five Pillars ' of Islam  <ul><li>Pilgrimage (Hajj)  - This is the pilgrimage to Mecca. All Muslims, if they are able, ar...
OPEC <ul><li>O rganization of the  </li></ul><ul><li>P etroleum  </li></ul><ul><li>E xporting  </li></ul><ul><li>C ountrie...
Dome of the Rock <ul><li>Marks the spot where Muslims believe Muhammad rose up to heaven. </li></ul>
Western Wall <ul><li>The holiest Jewish site in Jerusalem. </li></ul>
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) <ul><li>Formed to regain land currently under Israeli control for Palestinian Arab...
Taliban <ul><li>The Taliban gained power in Afghanistan. </li></ul><ul><li>are suspected of supporting terrorists. </li></...
Strategic commodity <ul><li>a resource that is so valuable that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply </li></ul>
Human resources <ul><li>Human resources  - name given to the skills and talents of the people of a nation </li></ul><ul><l...
Foreign Workers in SW Asia <ul><li>Working Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>misunderstandings over customs </li></ul></ul>...
Stateless nation <ul><li>a nation of people without land to legally occupy </li></ul>
Palestinians <ul><li>Have considered themselves a stateless nation since the nation of Israel was created. </li></ul><ul><...
West Bank <ul><li>Name is given to the strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River. </li></ul>
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Unit 7 Notes

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Chapters 21-23, World Geography

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Unit 7 Notes

  1. 1. Unit 7 Notes <ul><li>Mr. Allen </li></ul><ul><li>World Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Test over this on Thursday 3/12. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Jordan River <ul><li>Forms the natural boundary between Israel and Jordan. </li></ul><ul><li>It is considered to be one of the world's most sacred rivers; flows into the Dead Sea. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Crude Oil <ul><li>Another name for petroleum that has not been processed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rub al-Khali <ul><li>Most famous desert in the region, also known as the Empty Quarter. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the largest sand deserts in the world, encompassing most of the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula </li></ul>
  5. 5. Euphrates River <ul><li>The western of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (the other being the Tigris) which flows from Anatolia. </li></ul><ul><li>River flows through parts of Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dead Sea <ul><li>A landlocked salt lake between Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Jordan to the east. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Salt flat <ul><li>An area of desert in which the moisture has evaporated and salt chemicals remain. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Drip irrigation <ul><li>a practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water above ground to conserve water use for crops. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Refinery <ul><li>A place where crude oil is converted into products such as gasoline and heating oil. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Kurds <ul><li>A group of people living in areas of Turkey,Iraq, and Iran for the past 1,000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Has tried unsuccessfully to establish a nation since the breakup of the Ottoman Empire after World War I </li></ul>
  11. 11. Muhammad <ul><li>The prophet who is considered the founder of Islam; regarded by Muslims as a messenger and prophet of God. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Zionism <ul><li>A movement to create and support a Jewish homeland in Palestine </li></ul>
  13. 13. Mecca <ul><li>Located in Saudi Arabia, the holy city to which all Muslims hope to make a pilgrimage ; it is the holiest city in Islam and plays an important role in the faith. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Followers of Islam <ul><li>religious duties of the followers of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>charity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fasting </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ' Five Pillars ' of Islam <ul><li>Shahadah - Islamic proclamation that &quot;There is no true God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.&quot; </li></ul>
  16. 16. ' Five Pillars ' of Islam <ul><li>Prayer (Salat) - Prayer is performed five times a day. The first prayer is at dawn and the last at sunset. </li></ul>
  17. 17. ' Five Pillars ' of Islam <ul><li>Fasting (Saum) - The month of Ramadan is the month of fasting in Islam. It is an act of worship where the faithful follower denies his own needs and seeks Allah. </li></ul>
  18. 18. ' Five Pillars ' of Islam <ul><li>Charity (Zakat) - Charity given to the poor. It benefits the poor and it helps the giver by moving him towards more holiness and submission to Allah. </li></ul>
  19. 19. ' Five Pillars ' of Islam <ul><li>Pilgrimage (Hajj) - This is the pilgrimage to Mecca. All Muslims, if they are able, are to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. It involves financial sacrifice and is an act of worship. </li></ul>
  20. 20. OPEC <ul><li>O rganization of the </li></ul><ul><li>P etroleum </li></ul><ul><li>E xporting </li></ul><ul><li>C ountries; </li></ul><ul><li>controlling worldwide oil prices . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Dome of the Rock <ul><li>Marks the spot where Muslims believe Muhammad rose up to heaven. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Western Wall <ul><li>The holiest Jewish site in Jerusalem. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) <ul><li>Formed to regain land currently under Israeli control for Palestinian Arabs. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Taliban <ul><li>The Taliban gained power in Afghanistan. </li></ul><ul><li>are suspected of supporting terrorists. </li></ul><ul><li>imposed strict rules on the behavior of people. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Strategic commodity <ul><li>a resource that is so valuable that nations will go to war to ensure its steady supply </li></ul>
  26. 26. Human resources <ul><li>Human resources - name given to the skills and talents of the people of a nation </li></ul><ul><li>Guest workers - name given to unskilled laborers who come from other countries to fill job vacancies </li></ul>
  27. 27. Foreign Workers in SW Asia <ul><li>Working Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>misunderstandings over customs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>living in special districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>receiving late wages or no wages at all </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Stateless nation <ul><li>a nation of people without land to legally occupy </li></ul>
  29. 29. Palestinians <ul><li>Have considered themselves a stateless nation since the nation of Israel was created. </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinians believe they should retain the right to return in any agreement to end conflicts with Israel over control of Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>1948 Arab-Israeli war caused Palestinians to begin to flee what is now known as Israel </li></ul>
  30. 30. West Bank <ul><li>Name is given to the strip of land on the west side of the Jordan River. </li></ul>
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