“surrealisme”literally means that which extends beyond realism or finds itself outside of reality.Definition:style of art and literature, stressing the subconscious and non-rational thought.
André Breton• Founder of Surrealism• Acted as a neurologist: kept records of his own patients dreams and wrote down the rambling things they said in an attempt to learn about the subconscious• First work was The Magnetic Fields• Wrote Surrealist Manifesto in Paris October 1924: this marked the date of the creation of Surrealism SUBCONSCIOUS: a deep, mysterious part of the mind we are not normally aware of.
Sigmund Freud•Psychoanalytical approach to the mind•Believed that people are influenced by things that we are not aware of (subconscious)•Introduced unconscious mind•Natural tendencies of people to be violent and sexual impulses from early childhood•Influential in psychology and surrealism
Hieronymus Bosch http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/bosch/delight/-can be considered earliest Surrealist artist (lived 500 years ago).-conjured up nightmarish visions.-Surrealists were influenced his unique style.
Giuseppe -16th century ItalianArcimboldo -made portraits with fruits and vegetables http://www.giuseppe-arcimboldo.org/biography.html
Giorgio de Chirico-juxtaposition:an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/juxtaposition http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_de_Chirico
Dadaism-Emerged after WW1.-Art against war, called "Anti-Art" (made fun of society and its ideas).-Many of the surrealist artists were Dada artists before converting to surrealism, including Max Ernst and Salvador Dali.-Surrealism, in some ways, was a continuation of Dada but its outlook was more positive.
WWI-Millions died: Artists felt that "progress", reason, and logic had failed.-Helped spread Surrealism around the world.
Surrealism "The Gift" Man Ray"Ready-mades"" Meret Oppenheim "Object (Fur Breakfast)"http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=80997 http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/surrealism-manray.html
Major Surrealist Artists -Joan Miro -Salvador Dali -Max Ernst -Rene Magritte
Painting of a Roosterhttp://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&sa=X&biw=1024&bih=571&tbm=isch&tbnid=CujlNeI-x__LHM:&imgrefurl=http://joanmiro.com/&docid=2jZ0ndzQzk29NM&imgurl=http://joanmiro.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/joanmiro1.jpg&w=643&h=840&ei=r0tUUaT5O8O32wX4i4DwCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=129&dur=155&hovh=257&hovw=196&tx=125&ty=36&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=112&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:138
Salvador Dali-Born in Spain 1904-Started painting at age 10-Joined Surrealist groupin 1929-Expelled from the groupin 1934-Married to Gala Dali in 1934-Died 1989 http://www.biography.com/people/salvador-dal%C3%AD-40389
The beginning of his art Girl Standing at a window- 1925http://www.naderlibrary.com/DALITOC23.htm
The Enigma of Desire: My Mother, My Mother, MyMother 1929 Dali http://www.edali.org/enigma-of-desire.jsp
Dali and the Surrealism movement Invisible Sleeping Woman, Horse, Lion 1930 http://www.oilpaintinghk.com/art/oil_paintings_11782.html
The Persistence of memory 1931 http://www.edali.org/persistence-of-memory.jsp
Similarities in Dali’s Art The Angelus The Architectonic Angelus of Millet by Millet 1933http://campus.udayton.edu/mary/gallery/artists/angelus.html http://www.edali.org/millets-architectonic-angelus.jsp
Atavistic Ruins after the Rain Portrait of Gala 1934 1935http://www.canvastar.com/product_info_n.php?products_id=3211&language=e http://www.american-buddha.com/DALITOC67.htmn
Metamorphosis of Narcissus 1937http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/modern-art-history-test-2/deck/136121
Soft self-Portrait with Grilled Bacon 1941 Dali http://www.salvador-dali.org/dali/coleccio/en_50obres.html?ID=W0000047
Religious Themes Christ of St. John of the cross 1951 http://www.edali.org/christ-of-saint-john-of-the-cross.jsp
The Last Supper 1955http://uccslo.wordpress.com/2010/04/20/sermon-april-18-saintly-sinners/
COMMON TECHNIQUES... Frottage: technique of rubbing raised surfacesto get a pattern/textured look on paperhttp://elephantaday.blogspot.com/2012/02/elephant-no-126-frottage.htmlhttp://peggy2011.deviantart.com/art/Dragon-Frottage-Collage-WIP-324057378 http://despinarangou.blogspot.com/2011/03/frottage-by-max-ernst.html
Grattage: ("scraping") used in oil and plasterpainting "Eve, the Only One left to us" http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/max-ernst/eve-the-only-one-left-to-us- 1925
Fruit of a Long Experiencehttp://onesurrealistaday.com/post/29586091718/fruit-of-a-long-experience
The Hat Makes the Manhttp://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=35478
Oedipus Rex http://poulwebb.blogspot.com/2011/09/max-ernst-part-1.html
"Teetering Woman or An Equivocal Woman"http://www.abcgallery.com/E/ernst/ernst15.html
the false mirror http://bertc.com/g9/magritte13.htm
Effects of Surrealism-Surrealism influenced many new artists and art "Isms"- As Surrealism dispersed, the rise of Existentialism and Abstract Expressionism occurred.-The idea of using the Psych for art carried on through these artists
Abstract Expressionism-An "-Ism" influenced by surrealism that was all about the artists expressing themselves on the canvas. www.metmuseam.org
Existentialism-A Philosophical movement- Individuals as free agents of what they do and responsible for their choices.
Lasting effects...-Surrealism allowed its artists and audiences to recognize and better understand their subconscious.- Surrealism teaches us how to balance and interact between the Spiritual, psychological, and physical planes of our lives.
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