Jōmon Pottery: 14,000 BC - 300 BC• The earliest in Japanese pottery history• The word Jōmon means “Cord design”• The earthenware pots were made with a coil technique
Yayoi Pottery: 400 BC - AD 250• Often made with finer grained clay allowing it to have thinner walls• It was often decorated with a comb pattern.• Earthenware• comb pattern
Seto & The Six Old Kilns Muromachi Pottery: 1333 - 1573• The six old kilns in the vicinity of Seto are Bizen, Echizen, Seto, Shigaraki, Tanba and Tokoname• Seto pottery is known for its ash glaze• stoneware
Shigaraki Ware• In many cases the results are more aesthetically pleasing than a planned design.
Mino Ware Momoyama Period: 1573-1603• white or gray glaze often with rust colored highlights and an orange peel textured surface called citrine skin• tea and water vessels in the tea ceremony• Shino ware is hand built, not thrown on the wheel
Oribe Style• Geometric patterns depicting animals every day objects• Dark green on a white background• used for food
Japanese Porcelain, Imari Ware Edo Period: 1603 - 1867• The wares came to Japan from Korea rather than China• Korean potters introduced Yi Dynasty porcelain to Japan• Japanese production was heavily influenced by Ming (1368-1644) Porcelain• Arita
Traditional Culture Relationships• The Tea Ceremony – The close relation with the earthenware. [Chaki (tea caddies used in the tea ceremony) are considered a major component of ceramic art]• Bonsai – Japanese Garden Art – The containers are called “bonsai pots”, that are used for traditional Japanese garden art.
Ceramics• Ceramics are not merely functional objects and tea is not merely a beverage to drink. Both have deep ties to spirituality in Japan and other Asian countries that practice the tea ceremony, such as China and Korea.
Glazes that were inspired by Japanese Pottery• Japanese ceramics have inspired modern non-Japanese potters to develop glazes based of the traditional Japanese pottery style• Popular glazes – Oribe – Celadon – Tenmoku