The Case <ul><li>The police were suspicious that Dollree Mapp was hiding a bomb suspect in her home in Cleveland, Ohio. They demanded entrance to her home, but she declined to let them in. Eventually the police held up a piece of paper telling her it was a search warrant and searched the whole house. In her basement they found no bomber, but instead a trunk containing pornographic material and charged her with possession obscene materials. </li></ul>
Arguments <ul><li>Although she was not hiding any bomber, Mapp was sentenced to jail. She than appealed her case to the Ohio Supreme Court. Mapp and her attorney argued that there was really no search warrant and therefore anything gained from the search was also illegal and could not be used in court. The Supreme Court of Ohio believed they could use the illegal pictures they found against Mapp, regardless of whether the search was legal or not. When her appeal was denied and she was sent back to jail she than brought her case to the Supreme Court of the United States. </li></ul>
Decision <ul><li>The Supreme Court than had to decide if evidence obtained in a search that goes against the fourth amendment could be used in court. They decided that the fourth amendment applies to the states, meaning that evidence obtained in an unreasonable search could not be brought to court. This led to Mapp v. Ohio being handed down in 1961. </li></ul>
Summary <ul><li>In Topeka, Kansas schools were segregated by race. The segregation has caused blacks to have to overcome problems such as dangerous pathways to go to the bus stop. As well as going to a school that is farther than the one deemed for only white. This case fought for the rights of black students and for black constitutional rights. </li></ul>
Arguments <ul><li>Plaintiff </li></ul><ul><li>(Brown) </li></ul><ul><li>Each day the plaintiff Linda Brown would walk through a dangerous railroad just to get to the bus stop for the ride to school. Even though there was a closer school but it was deemed for whites only. Although, in the case Plessy vs. Ferguson segregation was deemed legal. Brown and her family had believed that it had violated their Constitutional rights. They believed that specifically it had violated the Fourteenth Amendment which allowed people to be treated equal under the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Accused </li></ul><ul><li>(Board of Education) </li></ul><ul><li>They argued that the school systems were fair and equal and they used the case Plessy vs. Ferguson in their defense which had allowed for segregation if it is equal. </li></ul>
Supreme Courts Decision <ul><li>The court ruled a unanimous decision in favor of Brown. The Court had found segregation to be unconstitutional and refused to apply its decision in Plessy v. Ferguson to the field of public education. </li></ul>
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